University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the George E. B. Peddy Papers, 1909-1972



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Peddy, George E. B.
Title: Peddy (George E. B.) Papers
Dates: 1909-1972
Abstract: The George E. B. Peddy Papers, 1909-1972, include correspondence, notes, clippings, speeches, photographs, awards, reports, and certificates pertaining to World War I, World War II, political campaigns, and the personal, professional, and social life of Peddy and his family.
Accession No.: 73-040
Extent: 2 ft., 8 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

George Edwin Bailey Peddy (1892-1951), attorney, soldier, and politician, was born near Tenaha, Texas, to William Henry and Laura Gertrude (Chambers) Peddy. His father died shortly after his birth and Peddy spent much of his young adulthood supporting his mother. He then attended the University of Texas law school, where he served as student body president and led a protest against Governor James Edward Ferguson’s quarrels with the University. Though he was still a student, in 1917 he was elected to the Thirty-fifth Texas Legislature, but resigned to serve as a captain in the army during World War I. Upon Peddy’s graduation from law school in 1920, he practiced law in a private firm, served as assistant district attorney of Harris County, and became assistant U.S. attorney in charge of mail-fraud prosecutions.

A staunch opponent of the Ku Klux Klan, Peddy, who had campaigned for Ferguson’s anti-Klan agenda, ran against Earle Bradford Mayfield (also a Democratic candidate, though a pro-Klan one) for senator in 1922, depending entirely on write-in votes. Though he was not successful, Peddy was able to garner a large amount of votes and delay Mayfield’s seating until December 1923. He then joined the Houston law practice firm of Vinson, Elkins, Weems, and Francis, with whom he worked from 1925 to 1942.

Peddy volunteered for military service during World War II, becoming a lieutenant colonel and a staff officer in the Fifth Infantry Division, Third Army. He served as deputy military governor of Frankfurt, 1945. In 1948 Peddy once again ran for U.S. senator from Texas, garnering 20 percent of the Democratic primary vote and causing a runoff election between his two opponents, Lyndon B. Johnson and Coke Stevenson. While serving as chairman of the Texas Cancer Crusade, Peddy died in June 1951.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Peddy, George Edwin Bailey," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/PP/fpe13.html (accessed July 27, 2010).


Scope and Contents

The George E. B. Peddy Papers, 1909-1972, include correspondence, notes, clippings, speeches, photographs, awards, reports, and certificates pertaining to World War I, World War II, political campaigns, and the personal, professional, and social life of Peddy and his family. The papers also contain scrapbooks regarding Peddy’s high school graduation, establishment of a law practice in Houston, service as assistant district attorney and assistant U.S. attorney, fights against the Ku Klux Klan, and campaigns for U. S. Senate. Furthermore, the papers include an original letter from Peddy to his mother en route to France in World War I, a typewritten copy of a diary he kept during WWI, and his original Certificate of Discharge as Captain Infantry U.S. Army at Camp Travis, July 1919. The collection also contains Peddy’s World War II correspondence with his wife as well as WWII magazines and newspapers.


Restrictions

Use Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Peddy, George E. B., 1892-1951--Archives.
Berger, Frances
Clay, Lucius D. (Lucius DuBignon), 1897-1978
Peddy, Gertrude Erwin
Erwin, Claud M.
Erwin, Louise E.
Erwin, William E.
Francis, William H.
Holt, Birge
Jaworski, Leon
Jester, Beauford Halbert, 1893-1949
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Lomax, John Avery, 1867-1948
Lundmark, Leon
Mayfield, Earle Bradford, 1881-1964
Moody, Daniel James, 1893-1966
Peddy, J. B.
Peddy, Tom L.
Shivers, Allan, 1907-1985
Simmons, David
Stevenson, Coke R. (Coke Robert), 1888-1975
Vinson, W. H. (William Harry)
Subjects (Organizations)
United States. Attorney (Texas)
United States. Congress. Senate.
Subjects
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1939-1945
Lawyers--Texas
Mail fraud--United States--Cases
Places
Humble (Tex.)
Luling (Tex.)
Houston (Tex.)
Teraha (Tex.)
Shelby County (Tex.)
Africa, North
Italy
France
Germany
Europe, Central

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

George E. B. Peddy Papers, 1909-1972, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by A. Mills, April 1976.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

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