Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Patrons of Husbandry Records, 1873-1901



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Texas State Grange.
Title: Patrons of Husbandry Records
Dates: 1873-1901
Abstract: Letterpresses, letter books, reports, minutes, account books, stock ledgers, membership lists, and photographs comprise the Patrons of Husbandry Records, 1873-1901, and relate to the activities of the Grange in Texas and the career of Archibald Johnson Rose.
OCLC No.: 742350565
Extent: 3 ft., 10 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

The Patrons of Husbandry, or the Grange as they were more widely known, was a national agricultural, fraternal, and co-operative organization founded in 1867 to improve the economic and social situation of the United States’ farm population. The Grange spread rapidly in a grass roots manner following the Panic of 1873, turning the Grange into a political power. The organization opened schools, organized social meetings, and became a powerful political group, lobbying for free trade, better education, railroad regulation, and homestead protection.

R. A. Baird organized the first Grange in Texas at Salado in the summer of 1873. In October 1873, Archibald Johnson Rose helped arrange the first state Grange in Dallas, drafting its constitution and by-laws. Rose became master of the Texas Grange in 1880 and presided over a time when the Grange was one of the most powerful political forces in the state, despite its steadily decreasing membership. During this time the Grange created a variety of subordinate associations providing services to its members such as the Texas Farmer Publishing Association, which published the Texas Farmer; the Texas State Grange Fair, which operated an experimental farm and exhibit hall; the Texas Mutual Fire Insurance Association, which provided affordable fire insurance; and the Texas Co-operative Association, which stocked their wholesale stores and sold farm commodities. The Texas Grange’s political influence began to decline at the turn of the 20th century and by 1950 had little power in the state.

Sources:

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Grange," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/GG/aag1.html (accessed July 27, 2010).

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Rose, Archibald Johnson," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/RR/fro70.html (accessed July 28, 2010).

The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry. "History." The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry. http://www.nationalgrange.org/about/history.html (accessed July 28, 2010)

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Scope and Contents

Letterpresses, letter books, reports, minutes, account books, stock ledgers, membership lists, and photographs comprise the Patrons of Husbandry Records, 1873-1901, and relate to the activities of the Grange in Texas and the career of Archibald Johnson Rose. The collection contains the records the Texas State Grange and of subordinate Granges, such as the Salado Grange and county associations. The records include Archibald Johnson Rose’s letterpresses from his time as master of the Texas State Grange, 1880-1890, as well as records from his service with Grange affiliates, such as the Texas Mutual Fire Insurance Association and the Texas Co-operative Association. Additionally, the collection contains many of the general records of the Texas Co-operative Association, including minutes, reports, account books, and a roll book. Photographs in the collection depict W. S. Rose, Jr., and the Salado Grange.

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Restrictions

Use Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Rose, Archibald Johnson, b. 1830--Archives.
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas State Grange--Archives.
National Grange.
Subjects
Agriculture--Congresses--History.
Fire insurance--United States--History.
Education--Texas--History
Places
Salado (Tex.)
Burleson County (Tex.)
Leon County (Tex.)

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Related Material

See also the Archibald Johnson Rose Papers.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Patrons of Husbandry Records, 1873-1901, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2K164 Account books, 1887-1889
Letterpress of A. J. Rose, treasurer of Texas Mutual Fire Insurance Association, 1897-1898
Stockholder’s ledger of Salado Co-operative Council, 1876-1881
Minutes of Salado Grange, volume 1, 1873-1886
box
2K165 Minutes of the Salado Grange, volume II, 1896-1893
Salado Co-operative Council, account book, volume II, 1889-1892
Organization and membership of subordinate Granges, 1873-1874
box
2K166 Records of County Associations
Burleson County, 1885
Leon County, 1885
Ledbetter Association, 1885
Pleasant Grove Association, 1885
Steep Holloed Association, 1886
Concord, 1886
Jones Prairie Association, 1886
McGregor Association, 1889
Letterpress of A. J. Rose, Master of the Texas State Grange
Volume I, 1881-1882
Volume II, 1883-1884
Volume III, 1884-1885
box
2K167 Volume IV, 1884-1891
Volume V, 1885-1887
Volume VI, 1888-1889
Volume VII, January-February, 1890
Volume VIII, April-May, 1890
Texas Co-operative Association, 1881-1882
Roll book
Director’s minutes
box
2K168 Account book of the Texas Co-operative Association, 1878-1881
Minutes of the Texas Co-operative Association, 1878-1882
Letterpress of A. J. Rose, Secretary of the Texas Co-operative Association
June, 1879 – August, 1884
October, 1883 – December, 1884
box
2K169 September 1884 – December, 1886
December, 1886 – December, 1890
June, 1890 – July, 1893
May, 1891 – April, 1892
January-December, 1891
April 1892 – May, 1893
box
2K170 1893-1901
Ledger, receipts, 1874-1878
box
4L124 Records of the Stockholders of the Texas Co-operative Association
Volume I, 1879 – June 1888
box
4N46 Volume II, June, 1888-1897
box
4L69 Salado Co-operative Council, account books, Volume I, 1880-1889
box
4L70 Minutes of the Texas Co-operative Association, 1878-1899
box
4L71 Index to stockholders
box
4L72 Stock register of Salado Co-operative Council at Salado, Bell County, Texas 1875-1881
Minutes of Salado Co-operative Council at Salado, Bell County, Texas, 1875-1886
box
4L73 A. J. Rose letter book 1885-1887
box
3Y77 Portrait of W. S. Rose, Jr.
Group photograph of Salem Grange, Cherokee County, Texas

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