University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Edith H. Parker Papers, 1922-1984



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Parker, Edith H.
Title: Parker (Edith H.) Papers
Dates: 1922-1984
Abstract: The Edith H. Parker Papers, 1922-1984, contain personal, professional, and political correspondence, literary productions, education and employment records, photographs, other pictorial material, and a map.
Accession No.: 84-046; 84-100; 84-114; 84-119, 84-216
Extent: 2 ft., 10 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Edith H. Parker (1905-1985) was a journalist, political aide to Senator Tom Connally, and professor. She attended Federicksburg, Virginia State Normal School and earned her teaching certificate in 1923. After teaching elementary school, she worked for the Washington Herald as a reporter, librarian, and assistant editor, 1931-1934. Parker then worked as an aide to Tom Connally, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. Though Connally was supposed to write the declaration of war against Japan after the bombing, he could not be found, so Parker penned the document, basing it on the U.S. declaration of war document against Germany in World War I. Parker later taught English and history at Northwestern State College in Alva, Oklahoma, 1953-1954; East Texas State College, 1954-1958; and Del Mar College, 1958-1968. She remained active in Democratic Party politics, maintaining close ties with Lyndon B. Johnson and serving on an advisory committee of a special Senate committee chaired by John F. Kennedy, 1957. Parker retired from teaching in 1970 and died in 1985.

Sources:

Edith H. Parker Papers, 1922-1984, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Los Angeles Times obituary, "Edith Parker, 79; Senate Aide Penned the Declaration of War Against Japan," March 28, 1985.


Scope and Contents

The Edith H. Parker Papers, 1922-1984, contain personal, professional, and political correspondence, literary productions, education and employment records, photographs, other pictorial material, and a map. The correspondence is mainly between Parker and other members of Senator Connally’s staff, although a large portion of correspondence also documents her relationships with people such as Walter Prescott Webb, Joe B. Frantz, Llerena Friend, Walter Rundell, Jr., and Lyndon B. Johnson. Materials relating to Parker’s education can be found in the collection, including drafts of papers, grade reports, and bibliographies. The employment records contain newspaper clippings from the Washington Herald, federal government employment applications, recommendations, and research grant applications. Furthermore, the papers include copies of manuscripts written by historian Walter Rundell, Jr., a dissertation by Frank Smyrl on Tom Connally, and newspaper clippings relating to Dr. Parker's achievements and to Connally's death. A map of metropolitan Corpus Christi, 1961, can also be found in the collection.


Restrictions

Use Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Parker, Edith H., 1905-1985--Archives.
Connally, Tom, 1877-1963.
Bailey, Joseph W. (Joseph Weldon), 1863-1929.
Barnett, Raymond.
Benson, Nettie Lee
Castañeda, Carlos Eduardo, 1896-1958.
Clark, Tom C. (Tom Campbell), 1899-1977.
Doty, E. William (Ezra William), 1907-1994.
Dubois, Charlotte.
Escott, Florence.
Frantz, Joe Bertram, 1917-.
Friend, Llerena.
Jackson, Robert M.
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973.
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963.
Estill, Harry, F. (Harry Fishburne), 1861-1942.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
Rundell, Walter.
Smyrl, Frank H.
Wallace, Richard K.
Webb, Walter Prescott, 1888-1963.
Subjects (Organizations)
Del Mar College.
Democratic Party.
East Texas State College.
Northwestern State College (Okla.).
United States. Congress. Senate.
United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee on the Senate Reception Room.
University of Texas. College of Fine Arts.
University of Texas. Dept. of History
Washington Herald
Subjects
Politics--United States.
Politics--Texas.
Politicians--United States.
Politicians--Texas.
Presidential elections--United States.
Journalists--Texas.
Teachers--Texas.
Universities and colleges.
Places
Austin (Tex.).
Commerce (Tex.).
Corpus Christi (Tex.).
Dallas (Tex.).
Marlin (Tex.).
Alva (Okla.)
Edinburgh (Scotland).
Portsmouth (Va.).
Washington (D.C.).

Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Newspaper, Ephemera, Map, Texas, Autograph, and Postcard Collections and to the Vertical Files.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Edith H. Parker Papers, 1922-1984, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Lawrence A. Landis, November 1985.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2E66 General correspondence, 1931-1951
box
2E67 General correspondence, 1952-1984, undated
box
2E68 Education records:
George Washington University, 1935-1945
University of Texas, 1946-1949, undated
British University summer school, 1966
box
2E68 Employment records:
Washington Herald, 1931-1934
Sen. Tom Connally, 1968
Department of the Army, professorships and research grants, 1951-1970
box
2E68 Literary productions:
1922-1978, undated
Walter Rundell, Jr. manuscripts and articles, 1961-1982
box
2E69 Literary productions:
Frank Smyrl dissertation on Tom Connally, 1968
Richard Wallace, 1964-1967
Others, 1947-1959, undated
box
2E69 Activities of U.S. Senate Advisory Committee, 1957-1959
Political activities, 1934-1961
box
2E70 Professional organizations materials, 1950-1958
Financial and legal records, 1937-1972
Newspaper clippings:
On Edith Parker, 1941-1983
Tom Connally, 1941, 1963
box
2E70 Miscellaneous materials:
ca. 1935-1970
Supreme Court opinions of Justice Tom Campbell Clark, 1949-1950
Greeting cards, 1931-1970, undated
box
3Y6 Photographs