University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the John Benjamin Long Papers, 1852-1924



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Long, John Benjamin
Title: Long (John Benjamin) Papers
Dates: 1852-1924
Abstract: Correspondence and memoranda, pamphlets and literary efforts, newspaper clippings and sermons, photographs, legal documents, receipts and account papers, organizational documents, and scrapbooks compose the John Benjamin Long Papers, 1852-1924.
Accession No.: 1925
Extent: 2 ft., 1 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Born near Douglas, Texas, John Benjamin Long (1843-1924) was the son of William T. and Althea Elizabeth (Payne) Long. He enlisted in the Third Texas Cavalry of the Confederate Army, serving from 1861 through the end of the Civil War in 1865. Afterwards he studied law and passed the bar. Instead of practicing law, Long entered the agricultural profession and served as a delegate to the National Cotton Planters Association at Vicksburg in 1883. Furthermore, he joined the Grange, also known as Patrons of Husbandry, and in 1891 was elected Worthy Master of the Texas State Grange. In the 1870s, Long became a scribe for the Knights and Ladies of Dixie and belonged to several Confederate veteran organizations and farming co-operatives. From 1886 to 1905, he owned and edited the Rusk Standard Herald. A fervent democrat, Long served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1891-1893) and in the Texas State Legislature (1913-1915), promoting agriculture, Free Silver, and prohibition.

In 1869, Long married Emma K. Wiggins, with whom he had six children: Walter Ewin, Emma Noble, James Ross, Vernon (Mrs. W. R. Stevens), Isa (Mrs. E. S. Dunn; d. 1912), and Katherine (Mrs. J. B. Posey).

Sources:

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, s.v. "Long, John Benjamin," http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000422 (accessed July 23, 2010).

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Long, John Benjamin," http://www.tshaonline.org /handbook/online/articles/LL/flo12.html (accessed July 23, 2010).

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Third Texas Cavalry," http://www.tshaonline.org /handbook/online/articles/TT/qkt5.html (accessed July 23, 2010).

John Benjamin Long Papers, 1858-1924, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.


Scope and Contents

Correspondence and memoranda, pamphlets and literary efforts, newspaper clippings and sermons, photographs, legal documents, receipts and account papers, organizational documents, and scrapbooks compose the John Benjamin Long Papers, 1852-1924. The collection primarily relates to Long’s membership and leadership positions in the Grange (Patrons of Husbandry) in Texas and other Texas farming organizations. Newspaper clippings, pamphlets, and literary efforts illustrate Long’s political interests in agriculture, Free Silver, and prohibition, and document his terms in the Texas Legislature and U.S. Congress. Additionally, the papers describe Long’s Civil War service, family affairs, the Presbyterian Church, and the Knights and Ladies of Dixie.


Restrictions

Use Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Long, John Benjamin, 1843-1924 -- Archives.
Evans, George G.
Long, Ben A.
Long, W. T.
Rose, Archibald Johnson, b. 1830
Shook, W. H.
Trimble, John.
Subjects (Organizations)
National Grange.
Texas State Grange.
Texas. Legislature (33rd : 1913).
Confederate States of America. Army. Texas Cavalry Regiment, 3rd.
Presbyterian Church.
Subjects
Agriculture -- Texas.
Politics, Practical -- Texas.
Places
Rusk (Tex.) -- History -- Sources.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources.
Confederate States of America -- History -- Sources.

Related Material

See also the:

Rose (Archibald Johnson) Papers

Patrons of Husbandry Records

Grange in Texas Notes


Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Library Unit.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John Benjamin Long Papers, 1852-1924, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was revised by Stefanie Wittenbach and Kari Williams, August 1984.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2E234 Correspondence
Financial documents
Diary, 1864
Grange, Farmer’s Alliance, and organizational papers, 1874-1923
box
2E235 Legal documents
Memorandum
Accounts
Letters, 1889-1924
box
2E236 Printed matter
Clippings and pamphlets
Literary efforts
Sermons
Letters, 1889-1899, 1913
box
2E237 Clippings and scrapbook
box
2E238 Clippings
Scrapbook
Memorandum
Meeting minute books
box
3S185 Diplomas:
Emma K. Long
John B. Long