A Guide to the Franklin Garcia Papers, 1961-1990
Franklin Garcia (1925-1984) was a Texas union member and organizer whose primary goal was to organize workers on both sides of the United States-Mexico border. He first organized Elsa Plastics, the company that manufactured the Styrofoam trays used by butchers, then moved to San Antonio, where he helped organize the meat cutters at local grocery stores.
Garcia was involved in the organization of local chapters of the Labor Council for Latin American Advancement, United Auto Worker (UAW), Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union, National Labor Relations Board, and the Amalgamated Meat Cutters Union (AMCU), later renamed the United Food and Commercial Workers of North America. Additionally, he was a member of several organizations, including the UAW, the AMCU (he was the South Texas Representative), the Mexican-American Democrats, League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), the American GI Forum, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO), and the National Labor Relations Board.
Garcia served as the District 19 representative on the State Democratic Committee and as a guide for Hillary Clinton during the 1972 Texas McGovern Campaign for President. For his last campaign he organized the food service workers in the Sheraton Crest Hotel in Austin, Texas.
Obituary of Franklin Garcia, San Antonio Express-News (San Antonio, TX), January 19, 1984.
The Franklin Garcia Papers, 1961-1990, contains 44 oral history audiocassettes and related documents (1979-1980) as well as transcripts, scrapbooks of newspaper clippings on Texas Farmworkers’ strikes (1964-1966), correspondence, literary productions, legal documents, handbills, reports, and other documents regarding union organizing and other labor issues in south Texas and on the Mexican side of the U.S.-Mexican border. Additional material concerns the Democratic Party in south Texas (ca. 1980).
Use of audio material by appointment only; please contact sound archivist.
Franklin Garcia Papers, 1961-1990, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers