Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Peter Gallagher Diary, 1841-1842



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Gallagher, Peter, 1812-1878.
Title: Gallagher, Peter, Diary
Dates: 1841-1842
Abstract: The Peter Gallagher Diary, 1841-1842, contains a transcript of his diary kept during the Texan Santa Fé Expedition. The diary describes the expedition party’s capture, imprisonment, and forced march to Mexico and discusses the weather, sickness and death, camp locations, food supplies, and activities engaged during the march.
Accession No.: 1935
Extent: 1 item
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Stonemason, merchant, and ranger, Peter Gallagher (1812-1878), immigrated to New Orleans, Louisiana, from Ireland in 1829. In 1837, he moved to San Antonio, Texas, where he worked as a stonemason until 1841. That year he joined the Texan Santa Fé Expedition, which Texas President Mirabeau B. Lamar launched to establish a trade route with Santa Fé and to join New Mexico with the Republic of Texas.

A party of 321 merchants and military soldiers embarked from Kenney’s Fort, Texas, on June 19, 1841. Several problems hindered the progress of the expedition: following the wrong river, desertion of their guide, harassment by American Indians, and inadequate food and water supplies. After the return of a guide in August, the party reached the Caprock of the Llano Estacado, bordering New Mexico and Texas, where they separated the military companies to find a route through the high plains. A guide was sent to the people left behind, but once they reached New Mexico, an army awaited them. Forced to surrender, the party marched to Mexico City, where they were imprisoned until April 1842.

After his release from prison, Gallagher joined the Texas Rangers. In 1846, he entered the mercantile business in San Antonio before investing in real estate and business in Mexico. From 1861 to 1864, he served as county judge of Bexar County, and later Gallagher developed land in the Fort Stockton area.

Sources:

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. “Gallagher, Peter,” http://www.tshaonline.org /handbook/online/articles/GG/fga8.html (accessed July 9, 2010).

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. “Texan Santa Fé Expedition,” http://www.tshaonline.org /handbook/online/articles/TT/qyt3.html (accessed July 9, 2010).

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Scope and Contents

The Peter Gallagher Diary, 1841-1842, contains a transcript of his diary kept during the Texan Santa Fé Expedition. The diary describes the expedition party’s capture, imprisonment, and forced march to Mexico and discusses the weather, sickness and death, camp locations, food supplies, and activities engaged in during the march.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Gallagher, Peter, 1812-1878 -- Archives.
Cooke, W. G.
Hays, John Coffee, 1817-1883
Navarro, José Antonio, 1795-1871
Sturgis, B. B.
Tod, R. C.
Subjects
Texan Santa Fé Expedition, 1841.
Places
Texas -- Description and travel.
Mexico -- Description and travel.
New Mexico -- Description and travel.
New Orleans (La.)
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Austin (Tex.)
Bexar County (Tex.)
El Paso (Tex.)
Fort Stockton (Tex.)
Pecos County (Tex.)
San Antonio (Tex.)

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Related Material

See also the Bolton (Herbert Eugene) Papers; Grover (George W.) Papers, 1841-1842; Santa Fe Expedition Orders, 1839-1841; and Santa Fe Expedition Scrapbook, undated.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Peter Gallagher Diary, 1841-1842, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2Q516 Diary, 1841-1842

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