University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Alexander Wray Ewing Papers, 1825-1856



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Ewing, Alexander Wray
Title: Ewing, Alexander Wray Papers
Dates: 1825-1856
Abstract: Papers include correspondence, affidavits, commission, certificates, military reports, and orders concerning the career of Ewing (1809-1853) as chief surgeon in the army of the Republic of Texas and as a Mason.
Extent: 17 items
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Alexander Wray Ewing (1809-1853), early Texas doctor, was born and educated in Ireland. He moved to Texas in 1834, and two years later was appointed surgeon general of the Republic of Texas army. He treated Sam Houston’s wounds after the battle of San Jacinto, 1836, and accompanied him to Galveston. Angered by this, President David G. Burnet dismissed Ewing as surgeon general, but quickly reinstated him. Ewing’s future appointment, as chief medical officer, was denied, and Ashbel Smith replaced him. In 1838 Ewing moved to Houston and served as the first president of the Medical and Surgical Society there. He sat on the committee that aided in the planning of the Houston and Brazos Railroad Company, and rejoined the army as a surgeon during the incursion made by Mexico in 1842. He was married three times, had at least two children, and died in 1853.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Ewing, Alexander Wray," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/EE/few1.html (accessed July 8, 2010).


Scope and Contents

The Alexander Wray Ewing Papers, 1825-1856, include correspondence, affidavits, a commission, certificates, military reports, and orders concerning the career of Ewing as chief surgeon in the army of the Republic of Texas and as a Mason.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Ewing, Alexander Wray, 1809-1853--Archives.
Subjects
Fraternal organizations--Texas
Physicians--Texas
Places
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846--Sources
Galveston (Tex.)

Related Material

See also the Smith (Ashbel) Papers, 1823-1926.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Alexander Wray Ewing Papers, 1825-1856, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Claire Maxwell, November 1985.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2D108 Papers
box
2.325/V10 Oversize certificates, account sheet