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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the George Bernard Erath Family Papers, 1829-1967



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Erath (George Bernard) Family
Title: Erath (George Bernard) Family Papers
Dates: 1829-1967
Abstract: George Bernard Erath (1813-1891), surveyor, solider, and legislator, was born and educated in Vienna, Austria. The George Bernard Erath Family Papers include correspondence, legal papers, land grants, account books, newspaper clippings, photographs, military orders, notes, financial records, and literary productions pertaining to the careers of Erath and his daughter Lucy A. Erath (1857-1948).
Accession No.: 1930; 74-002; 80-091
Extent: 8 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

George Bernard Erath (1813-1891), surveyor, solider, and legislator, was born and educated in Vienna, Austria. He moved to America upon his graduation from Vienna Polytechnic Institute, landing first in New Orleans, and then settling in Cincinnati, Ohio, 1832. The following year, however, he moved again to the Republic of Texas to be a surveyor in Robertson’s colony. In 1835 he signed up for John H. Moore’s ranger company, campaigning against the Indians, and in 1836 volunteered for service in the Texas Revolution in Company C of Colonel Edward Burleson’s First Regiment, Texan Volunteers. Following the Revolution, Erath continued his career as a soldier while also surveying until 1843, when he became a member of the House of Representatives of the Eighth and Ninth congresses of the republic (1843-1845).

A supporter of Texas annexation to the United States, Erath was elected to the State’s First Legislature. In 1846 he resumed his career as a surveyor, planning the towns of both Waco and Stephenville. He then was elected to the Senate of the Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Legislatures (1857-1861). He resigned in 1861 to serve on a two-person committee dedicated to the resolution of issues between Texas and its reservation Indians.

In 1864, Governor Pendleton Murrah appointed Erath major of a regiment in the Second Frontier District, which held responsibility for the defense of the Texas frontier. Ten years later Erath made one final descent into political life, representing the Nineteenth District in the Fourteenth Legislature of the Senate.

Erath married Lucinda Chambers in 1845, and they had one daughter, Lucy, to whom he dictated his memoirs in 1886. He died in 1891, and the Texas State Historical Association published his memoirs in 1923. Erath County, Texas, is named for him.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Erath, George Bernard," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/EE/fer1.html (accessed July 8, 2010).

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Scope and Contents

The George Bernard Erath Family Papers, 1829-1967, include correspondence, legal papers, land grants, account books, newspaper clippings, photographs, military orders, notes, financial records, and literary productions pertaining to the careers of George Bernard Erath (1813-1891) and his daughter Lucy A. Erath (1857-1948). Additionally, the papers include the manuscript and typescript of Erath's memoirs concerning his immigration to Texas, his participation in the Revolution, his surveying activities during the Republic period, and his service in the Texas Legislature.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Erath family--Archives.
Erath, George Bernard, 1813-1891--Archives.
Chalmers, John
Chalmers, Margaret Piper, b. 1880
Conger, Roger Norman
De Cordova, Jacob, 1808-1868
Erath, Edwin Porter
Erath, Lilia A.
Erath, Lucinda
Erath, Lucy A.
Erath, Walter
Fitzhugh, Willie Norrell
Hancock, John A.
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863
Johnson, Francis White, 1799-1884
Kendrick, J. D. (J. Derrick)
Malone, Alba
Reilly, Bernard
Zuber, William Physick, 1820-1913
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas. Legislature
Subjects
Texan Mier Expedition (1842-1844)
Expeditions
Frontier & pioneer life--Texas
Emigration and immigration
Surveying--Texas
Texas--Annexation to the United States
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836
Places
Waco (Tex.)
Milam County (Tex.)
Tom Green County (Tex.)
Coryell County (Tex.)
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

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Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Newspaper and Artifact Collections and to the Library Unit.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

George Bernard Erath Family Papers, 1829-1967, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Jeanne Willson, November 1980. Subsequent revisions were made by Claire Maxwell, November 1985.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2Q507 Memoirs of George Bernard Erath, typescript (2 copies)
box
3M505 Correspondence, 1839-1956, undated
Legal documents, 1829-1967
Account books, 1851-1860 and 1879-1882
Newspaper clippings
Manuscript of Memoirs of George Bernard Erath
Literary productions and notes
Miscellany
Scrapbook, 1912, 1919, 1922 and undated
box
2.325/V10 Land grants, receipts, commission
box
3Y27 Photographs
box
3S206 Framed portrait of George Bernard Erath

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