Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Crimmins, Martin Lalor
Title: Crimmins, Martin Lalor Papers
Dates: 1813-1954
Abstract: The papers concern Crimmins’ career as an army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, and relate to his activities in the United States Army and Confederate Army, the Republic of Texas military forces, the Texas Revolution, the Mexican War, and Indian wars.
Accession No.: 1936; 1950
Extent: 2 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Martin Lalor Crimmins (1876-1955), army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, was born in New York City. He attended Georgetown College in Washington, D.C., 1891-1895, and the University of Virginia Medical School, 1895-1898. Before he could graduate, however, he joined the First United States Volunteer Cavalry (also known as the Rough Riders) in the Spanish-American War, and earned multiple promotions, ending with his reaching colonel status in 1921. He retired from military service due to physical disability in the line of duty in 1926 and moved to San Antonio.

Crimmins was known for his work in the under-developed field of snakebite treatment, especially as he developed his own immunity to the serum and then gave blood transfusions to victims. For this effort he earned the Walter Reed Award for courageous service. He later published over 200 articles, mostly with historical themes, and was an active member of a number of Texas associations related to science and history. He married Margaret Custis Cole in 1901 and Josephine Yost in 1918. He died in 1955.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Crimmins, Martin Lalor," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/fcr19.html (accessed July 7, 2010).

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents

The Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954, include correspondence, research files, notes, muster rolls, a diary, maps, photographs, and manuscripts, most of which are photostatic copies. The papers concern Crimmins’ career as an army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, and pertain to the history of the United States Army and Confederate Army, the Republic of Texas military forces, the Texas Revolution, the Mexican War, and Indian wars. Furthermore, the papers relate to the history of Reconstruction in Texas, military medicine, Texas forts, and biographies of military officers.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Crimmins, Martin Lalor, 1876-1955--Archives.
Auger, C. C.
Beaumont, William
Benavides, Santos
Bonaparte, Jérôme Napoléon, 1830-1893
Brown, Jacob
Bryan, Francis T.
Buck, Beaumont B. (Beaumont Bonaparte), b. 1860
Chadbourne, Theodore Lincoln, 1822-1846
Crockett, David
Crogham, George
Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876
Echols, William H., d. 1909
Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1846-1917
Grierson, Benjamin Henry, 1826-1911
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863
Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891
Lazelle, H. M. (Henry Martyn), 1832-1917
Lee, Fitzhugh, 1835-1905
Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell, 1840-1889
Michler, Nathaniel
Ringgold, Samuel, 1796-1846
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876
Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866
Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906
Stanley, David Sloane, 1828-1902
Thomas, George H.
Twiggs, David Emanuel, 1790-1862
Van Dorn, Earl, 1820-1863
Viele, Rufus K.
Wheaton, Frank, 1833-1903
Whiting, William Henry Chase, 1824-1865
Worth, William Jenkins, 1794-1849
Subjects (Organizations)
Confederate States of America. Army
United States. Army
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Palo Alto, Battle of, Tex., 1846
Resaca de la Palma, Battle of, Tex., 1846
Diaries--Texas
History--Study and teaching--Texas
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Texas
Snakebites
Indians--Treaties
Forts and fortifications--Texas
Places
Alamo (San Antonio, Tex.)--Siege, 1836
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Brownsville (Tex.)
Fort Belknap (Tex.)
Fort Bliss (Tex.)
Fort Concho (Tex.)
Fort Croghan (Tex.)
Fort Davis (Tex.)
Fort Duncan (Tex.)
Fort Ewell (Tex.)
Fort Lancaster (Tex.)
Fort McIntosh (Tex.)
Fort McKavett (Tex.)
Fort Richardson (Tex.)
Fort Ringgold (Tex.)
Fort Stockton (Tex.)
Fort Worth (Tex.)
Socorro (El Paso, Tex.)
Van Horn (Tex.)
Fort Craig (N.M.)
Fort Stanton (N.M.)

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Claire Maxwell, April 1985.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

Contact repository for more information.

Return to the Table of Contents