A Guide to the Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954
Martin Lalor Crimmins (1876-1955), army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, was born in New York City. He attended Georgetown College in Washington, D.C., 1891-1895, and the University of Virginia Medical School, 1895-1898. Before he could graduate, however, he joined the First United States Volunteer Cavalry (also known as the Rough Riders) in the Spanish-American War, and earned multiple promotions, ending with his reaching colonel status in 1921. He retired from military service due to physical disability in the line of duty in 1926 and moved to San Antonio.
Crimmins was known for his work in the under-developed field of snakebite treatment, especially as he developed his own immunity to the serum and then gave blood transfusions to victims. For this effort he earned the Walter Reed Award for courageous service. He later published over 200 articles, mostly with historical themes, and was an active member of a number of Texas associations related to science and history. He married Margaret Custis Cole in 1901 and Josephine Yost in 1918. He died in 1955.
Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Crimmins, Martin Lalor," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/fcr19.html (accessed July 7, 2010).
The Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954, include correspondence, research files, notes, muster rolls, a diary, maps, photographs, and manuscripts, most of which are photostatic copies. The papers concern Crimmins’ career as an army officer, herpetologist, and military historian, and pertain to the history of the United States Army and Confederate Army, the Republic of Texas military forces, the Texas Revolution, the Mexican War, and Indian wars. Furthermore, the papers relate to the history of Reconstruction in Texas, military medicine, Texas forts, and biographies of military officers.
Martin Lalor Crimmins Papers, 1813-1954, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection was processed by Claire Maxwell, April 1985.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers