University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Robert Goldthwaite Carter Papers, 1871-1877, 1904, 1927-1930

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Carter, Robert Goldthwaite
Title: Carter, Robert Goldthwaite Papers
Dates: 1871-1877, 1904, 1927-1930
Abstract: Papers concern the celebrated military career of Robert Goldthwaite Carter (1845–1936), soldier and writer.
Accession No.: 1931
Extent: 1 vol.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Robert Goldthwaite Carter (1845–1936), soldier and writer, was born and educated in Maine. He moved to Massachusetts in 1857, and served as a private in Company H, 22nd Massachusetts Infantry in the Civil War, August 1862-October 1864. In 1865 Carter enrolled in the United States Military Academy, graduating in 1870. He was immediately placed in Troop E, Fourth United States Cavalry. A few days after marrying, in September 1870, he and his new wife Mary moved to San Antonio. Carter had a successful military career, earning the Medal of Honor in 1900, for his actions in 1871, being designated brevet captain for gallant service in action in 1873, and being promoted to first lieutenant in 1875. In June 1876 he retired from the army after being injured in the line of duty.

Carter wrote a number of books during his retirement concerning his military career as well as his ancestors and family members. In addition, he published an autobiography, Record of the Military Service of First Lieutenant and Brevet Captain Robert Goldthwaite Carter, U. S. Army 1862-1876 (1904). In 1935, Carter’s written works on his experiences in Texas were published, and he died the following year. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Carter, Robert Goldthwaite," (accessed July 1, 2010).

Scope and Contents

The Robert Goldthwaite Carter Papers, 1871-1877, 1904, 1927-1930, include photostats and transcriptions of correspondence, biographical data, newspaper clippings, and a map, concerning the career of Carter. Additionally, the papers relate to Indian fighting, military activities, and Carter’s life as a retired army officer.


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Carter, Robert Goldthwaite, 1845-1936--Archives.
Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell, 1840-1889
Subjects (Organizations)
United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 22nd (1861-1864)
United States. Army. Cavalry, 4th
Comanche Indians
Indians--Government relations
Kickapoo Indians
Military life
Retired military personnel--Texas
Fort Richardson (Tex.)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Robert Goldthwaite Carter Papers, 1871-1877, 1904, 1927-1930, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

Detailed Description of the Papers



2B181 Letters and a Brief Record of His Military Service (photocopies and typescript, 2 copies of record)