A Guide to the Benajah Harvey Carroll, Jr. Papers, 1896-1931
Benajah Harvey Carroll, Jr. (1874-1922), author, educator, minister, chaplain, journalist, editor, and U.S. consulate, earned degrees from Baylor University, University of Texas, and Southern Baptist Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky. He was ordained a minister in Waco in 1894 and served churches in both Kentucky and Texas, and headed the department of history and political economy at Baylor for a short time. He volunteered for service in the Spanish-American War, 1898. He first served as captain and field chaplain of the First United States Volunteers, Texas Cavalry, before being appointed lieutenant colonel and aide-de-camp in the Texas National Guard.
After surrendering his pastorate in 1906, Carroll worked on the editorial staff of the Houston Chronicle for eight years and then took over editing and publishing the weekly Stylus magazine in Houston, 1912-1913. However, in 1914 he served as United States consul to Venice during World War I. He earned multiple honors during this time, especially for his work with the first Red Cross war effort in Venice. Carroll also later served as consul to Naples, Italy, and Cádiz, Spain.
The author of many newspaper articles, poems, and short stories, Carroll is also credited with writing history books such as The Genesis of American Anti-Missionism (1902) and A Political History of Europe from 1815 to 1848 (1906), and editing Standard History of Houston (1912).
Carroll married Daisy Crawford in 1905. He died in 1922.
Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Carroll, Benajah Harvey, Jr.," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/fca64.html (accessed July 1, 2010).
The Benajah Harvey Carroll, Jr. Papers, 1896-1931, include correspondence, legal documents, literary efforts, photographs, passports, newspaper clippings, and pamphlets, pertaining to Carroll’s personal activities, literary interests, and service as United States consul to Venice, Italy, and Cádiz, Spain. Additionally, the papers include letters from Carroll and his wife to Mr. and Mrs. Gino Speranza. Speranza was an attorney, journalist, author, and legal advisor to the Italian Consulate General in New York. The papers are written in both English and Italian.
The collection is open for research.
Benajah Harvey Carroll, Jr. Papers, 1896-1931, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection was processed by Claire Maxwell, December 1984.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers