University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Donald Wayne Taylor Papers, 1974-1996



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Taylor, Donald Wayne
Title: Taylor, Donald Wayne Papers
Dates: 1974-1996
Abstract: Donald Wayne Taylor, imprisoned as a juvenile for car theft and drug use, was educated at prison schools, and upon release began working as a rehabilitation counselor and prison reform advocate. Correspondence, printed material, minutes, reports, creative works, legal documentation, photographic material, and ephemera document the academic and professional life of Taylor, mostly focusing on his work with CURE, Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants, and other professional organizations.
Accession No.: 2005-228
Extent: 9 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Prison reform advocate Donald Wayne Taylor, born March 24, 1939, was raised by his mother following the death of his father, a severely disabled World War I veteran. In 1952, Taylor stole a car and drove it across the Arkansas state line, an offense for which he was committed to the National Training School for Boys in Washington, D.C. Upon his release, Taylor began using illegal drugs and would ultimately serve three prison terms, totaling 11 years, for drug-related offenses. Taylor attended prison schools and, after leaving prison in 1969, enrolled in college, earning credits from the University of Texas at Austin, University of Texas at Arlington, and St. Edward’s University, before receiving his bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice from Southwest Texas State University in 1983.

From 1976 to 1978, Taylor worked as a rehabilitation counselor at Development Assistance for Rehabilitation (DAR). Beginning in 1977, Taylor served on several committees, task forces, and coalitions pertaining to jail issues including inmate rights, juvenile justice, and jail conditions. In 1979 Taylor served simultaneously as the Chair of both the Austin and Texas chapters of Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (CURE), a national grassroots organization founded by Charles and Pauline Sullivan that sought to prevent and reduce crime through reform of the criminal justice system and promotion of education and rehabilitative programs. Taylor remained active in these local chapters while serving as National Chairman from 1984 to 1991. In 1981, Taylor received a full pardon from Governor Bill Clements, Jr., for the crimes he committed as a young man.

Taylor began working as a research assistant at the Texas Youth Commission (TYC), the agency that administers Texas’s juvenile corrections system, in 1983, eventually becoming accreditation manager, a position he held from 1986 to 1989. During his employment at TYC, Taylor enrolled in the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin, where he earned his Master of Public Affairs degree in 1988. While at the LBJ School, he interned at the office of Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby, researching criminal and juvenile justice issues and parole policy, as well as the landmark suit of Ruiz v. Estelle, which significantly reshaped the criminal justice system in Texas. In the final years of his life, Taylor moved from his role as a reformer/advocate to a professional policy researcher. He left TYC in 1991 and began work at the Texas Senate Research Center, where he remained until his death.

Donald Taylor died following heart surgery at St. David’s Hospital in Austin on January 13, 1997; he was survived by his former wife, art curator Lynn Adele.


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, printed material, minutes, reports, creative works, legal documentation, photographic material, and ephemera document the academic and professional life of Donald Wayne Taylor, illuminating his dedication to prison reform in Texas, 1974-1996. The material is arranged into two series: Professional and Personal. Professional material, further arranged according to individual organizations, presented alphabetically, constitutes the bulk.

Professional material bulks with Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (CURE), the majority being clippings, CURE newsletters, and correspondence with Charles and Pauline Sullivan, founders of CURE, and Wally Ellinger, Executive Director of CURE. The materials illuminate Taylor’s efforts, through CURE, to monitor the criminal justice system, build awareness of CURE solutions, serve on boards related to criminal justice, speak to community groups, and clarify criminal justice positions. Material documenting the long-standing and intimate relationship between Taylor and the Sullivans is included in the CURE subseries. The CURE subseries is arranged into two sub-subseries, which distinguish between Taylor’s function at CURE and materials generated by the organization.

Beyond CURE, the bulk of the Professional series includes correspondence, reports, and printed material documenting Taylor’s work for state agencies and task forces, including the Texas Youth Commission and Travis County Jail Overcrowding Task Force, as well as for non-profit reform organizations such as the Texas Coalition for Juvenile Justice.

Notable among Texas Senate Research Center material are a note to LBJ School Dean Max Sherman (March 15, 1990) in which Taylor relates his early incarceration to his professional commitment to reforming juvenile rehabilitation policies, and a report compiled by Taylor, "Kids and Crime: Texas Juvenile Arrest and Incarceration Statistics, 1983-1993," June 1994.

The Personal series includes materials relating to his educational career, several copies of his resume, alumni publications, and religious materials, including a heavily annotated Bible study workbook. Letters of recommendation, arranged under the St. Edward’s University sub-subseries, and resumes offer particular insight into Taylor’s professional trajectory.


 

Arrangement and Organization

The Donald Wayne Taylor Papers are arranged into two series, each with multiple subseries, as follows:
I. Professional
  • a. American Correctional Association
  • b. Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants
    • i. Taylor’s function at CURE
    • ii. CURE materials
  • c. Development Assistance for Rehabilitation
  • d. Governor’s Task Force on the Incarceration of Inmates Pending Appeal
  • e. Texas Council on Crime and Delinquency
  • f. Texas Coalition for Juvenile Justice
  • g. Texas Senate Research Center
  • h. Texas Youth Commission
  • i. Travis County Citizens Jail Bond Advisory Committee
  • j. Travis County Community Service Restitution Board
  • k. Travis County Jail Overcrowding Task Force
  • l. Assorted professional
II. Personal
  • a. Resumes
  • b. Education
    • i. Southwest Texas State University
    • ii. Lyndon Baines Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas
    • iii. St. Edward’s University
    • iv. Sam Houston State University
  • c. Religious
  • d. Assorted personal

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Taylor, Donald Wayne, 1939-1997--Archives.
Sullivan, Charles
Sullivan, Pauline
Ellinger, Wally
Sherman, Max
Richards, Ann, 1933-2006
Pope, Lawrence
Subjects (Organizations)
American Correctional Association
Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants
Development Assistance for Rehabilitation
Texas Council on Crime and Delinquency
Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Tex.)
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Research Center
Texas Youth Commission
Travis County (Tex.). Citizens Jail Bond Advisory Committee
Travis County (Tex.). Community Service Restitution Board
Travis County (Tex.). Jail Overcrowding Task Force
Southwest Texas State University
Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs
St. Edward's University (Austin, Tex.)
Sam Houston State University
Subjects
Criminals--Rehabilitation--Texas
Prison reformers--Texas
Prisons--Texas
Prisoners--Texas
Prisons--Law and legislation--Texas
Prisons--Design and construction--Texas
Prisons--Overcrowding--Texas
Texas. Board of Pardons and Paroles
Texas. Dept. of Corrections
Places
Austin (Tex.)

Related Material

See also the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (C.U.R.E.) Records, ca. 1947, 1972-2008.

See also the Pope (Lawrence C.) Collection, 1961-1989.


Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Vertical Files and to the Library Unit.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Donald Wayne Taylor Papers, 1974-1996, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Jessi Fishman, Sarah Potvin, Kevin O’Sullivan, and Robert Gates, November 2007.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory




 
box
4K872 Professional 1977-1996, undated
American Correctional Association (ACA), 1980-1995, undated
Correspondence, includes agendas and memoranda, 1990-1992
Printed Material, 1980, 1986, 1988-1996, undated
Texas Corrections Association materials, 1992-1993
Programs/Handbooks, 1980,1986,1988, undated
Publications, 1988-1992, 1994-1996, undated
ACAnet News, 1988-1989
ACA Standards and Accrediation Newsletter, 1990
Action Line, 1986
On the Line, 1988-1996
Certificates, 1991-1992
Nameplate, undated
Membership material, 1992
Conference material, 1992, 1994
Reports, 1987, 1991-1992, undated
Assorted, 1992-1994
Nomination lists/forms, 1992-1994
box
4K870 Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (CURE)
Donald Taylor
Correspondence
General, 1979, 1981, 1988-1993
With Charles and Pauline Sullivan, 1982, 1984-1986, 1989-1992, 1994-1996
With Wallace Ellinger, undated, 1989-1992, 1995
With inmates, 1980-1982, 1990-1992
Official CURE Correspondence and Memoranda, undated, 1979-1982, 1985, 1988-1992
Creative Works
“More Prisoners: Boon or Boondoggle,” [ca. November, 1989]
CURE
Correspondence
Charles and Pauline Sullivan, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1986, 1989-1991
Mary Wathern-White, undated, 1989, 1991
Wallace Ellinger, 1987-1992, 1994
Printed Material
Publications
CURE Newsletter, 1979-1984
National Chapter, 1987-1990, 1993-1996
Texas Chapter, 1988-1996
Austin Chapter, undated, 1977-1985, 1988, 1989, 1995
Other CURE Chapters, 1989-1992, 1995
Help Our Prisoners Exist (HOPE) Chapter, undated, 1984, 1989, 1992
Texas Alliance for Human Needs Newsletters, 1990, 1994, 1996
Collected Publications, 1989-1994
Clippings
General, undated, 1979-1983, 1986, 1989-1992, 1994, 1995
Packets, 1989
Charles and Pauline Sullivan, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1992, 1993, 1996
Pamphlets, undated
Board of Directors materials, undated, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1996
Conference Materials, undated, 1994, 1995
Constitution and By-Laws, undated, 1980, 1991
Convention Materials,
National Convention, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1993
Texas Convention, 1978-1980, 1982, 1984, 1986,1989, 1990, 1992
Financial Reports, 1978, 1979, 1984, 1985, 1989-1991
Legislature Information, 1980, 1989-1992
Membership, 1981, 1984, 1990, 1994
News Releases, 1982-1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1992
Notes, undated
Nuts and Bolts Seminar, June, 1990
Reports, undated, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1992, 1995
Saint Dismas Day, undated, 1991
box
4K875 Development Assistance for Rehabilitation 1977-1978
Letters received, 1978
Conference materials, 1977
Community Based Corrections Workship Summary, 1977
box
4K874 Governor's Task Force on the Incarceration of Inmates Pending Appeal, 1978,1982
Letters, 1982
Printed material, 1981-1982
Material from task force meetings, 1982
Clippings, 1981
Reports, 1978, 1982
box
4K872 Texas Council on Crime and Delinquency (TCCD), 1979-1988
Correspondence, 1979-1982, 1985, undated
Minutes, 1990-1992
Printed material, 1979-1983, undate
Board materials, 1979-1983, undated
On Balance, 1983
Conference material, 1982, undated
Clippings, 1980
Creative works, undated
Draft of Resolution, undated
Notes, undated
Reports, 1978, 1980-1982, undated
National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1980, 1986,1988, undated
Printed material, 1980,1986,1988, undated
box
4K875 Texas Coalition for Juvenile Justice, 1983-1994
Correspondence, 1983,1988-1991,1994
Minutes, 1990-1992
TCJJ, 1991-1992
CARE Coalition meeting, 1990
Printed material, 1983, 1989-1992, 1994, undated
Pamphlet, undated
Advocate Newsletters, 1983,1989,1992
Annual Report, 1990
Events, 1990,1992,1994
Reference Material, 1990-1992
Creative Works, undated
Notes, undated
Draft Article, undated
Dangerous Intersection State Conference, 1990
Legislative Advocacy Committee, 1990
Legislative Priorities, 1991
Legislation Research, 1991
72nd Texas Legislature, 1991
box
4K874 Texas Senate Research Center, 1990-1996, undated
Correspondence, 1990-1996, undated
Printed Material, 1992, 1994-1996
Publications, 1992
Reports, 1992, 1994
Conference material, 1992
Research material, 1992, 1994-1996
box
4K872 Texas Youth Commission (TYC), 1983-1991, undated
Accreditation, 1983, 1986-1989, undated
Correspondence, 1983, 1987-1989
Printed material, 1983, 1986-1987, 1989, undated
Creative works, 1988-1989, undated
General, 1983-1985, 1988-1991, undated
Correspondence, 1987-1991, undated
Legislative Reports, 1991
Printed material, 1983-1985, 1988-1991,undated
Publications, 1983-1985, 1989-1990, undated
Clippings, 1988-1989, 1991
Creative works, 1984, 1991, undated
Charts, graphs, 1988-1991
Narrative and statistical reports, 1989-1991, undated
box
4K875 Travis County Citizens Jail Bond Advisory Committee, 1977-1978
Correspondence, 1977-1978
Reports, 1978
Committee-created records, 1978
Research reports, undated
Collected material, 1977-1978
Printed material, 1976, 1978-1979, 1981, undated
Clippings, 1976, 1978-1979, 1981, undated
Travis County Community Service Restitution Board, 1979-1983
Correspondence, 1980-1983
Collected Material, 1979-1982
Travis County Jail Overcrowding Task Force, 1980-1983
Correspondence, 1980-1983
Collected material, 1980-1982
Printed material, 1981-1982
Reports, 1981-1982
TCJOTF Report, 1982
Research Reports, 1981-1982
Clippings, 1981
box
4K871 Assorted
Correspondence
General, undated
Civil Subpoena, October 13, 1981
Creative Works
Unpublished papers.
"Getting Tough: Have Texas Policymakers Grown Soft on Crime?," undated
Collected Research Papers, undated, 1982, 1986, 1987
Printed Material
Clippings,
Donald Taylor related, 1977-1981
General Prison, undated, 1976, 1978, 1979
General Prison, 1980-1982, 1984, 1985, 1987-1989
box
4K871 General Prison, 1990-1996
Notes, undated
Photocpied Rolodex Card, undated
Publications,
Journals,
Augustus, A Journal of Progressive Human Services, 1986-1988
Charities USA, July/August 1989
Corrections Magazine: Covering America’s Changing Prison System, August, 1981
Jericho, Newsletter of the National Moratorium on Prison Construction, 1980-1985, 1987
National Clearinghouse for Criminal Justice Planning and Architecture Publications, 1977
National Institute of Justice publications, U.S. Department of Justice, 1982-1988
Prison Law Monitor, 1978-1981
Newspapers, 1981 - 1990
The Austin Citizen, Vol. 16, No. 214, October, 1981
Lifelines: Newsletter of the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP), Vol. 45, March - June 1989
The California Prisoner, Vol. 18, No. 11, August, 1990
Newsletters, 1993-1996
ACLU of Texas Newsletter, Winter 1995
Central Texas Civil Liberties Union, May, 1992
Central Texas Civil Liberties Union, January, 1993
Central Texas Civil Liberties Union, May, 1996
Civil Liberties: The National Newsletter of the ACLU, 1992-1993
Reports
1989 Survey Results from Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, February, 1990
Architecture for Justice Exhibition Catalog, 1986
A Survey of Criminal Justice Information System Users, May, 1996
Briefing Summary, Texas Department of Criminal Justice, August 17, 1992
Collected Papers from the Conference on Statistical Predictions in Corrections, September, 1986
Crime and Politics in the 1990s: A National Leadership Conference, Campaign for an Effective Crime Policy, December 1 -3, 1994
Criminal Justice Policy Report of the Commission on Sentencing Practices and Procedures, 1985
Criminal Justice Policy Research Analysis, No. 5, March, 1989
Criminal Justice Policy In a Nutshell: Trends and Strategic Issues in Texas Criminal Justice Sentencing Dynamic Study, January 17, 1992
Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1988, December, 1990
Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1989, June, 1991
Executive Summary - Reports of the National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals, undated
Guidelines for the Administration and Maintenance of Texas Jails, [ca. 1977-1979]
box
4K873 Prison Financing and Construction Plan, July, 1987
Programs to re-educate, readjust, and restore inmates of the county jail, 1976
Recommendations Adopted by the Special Committee (Draft), January 24, 1980
Special Report: Private Sector Involvement in Financing and Managing Correctional Facilities, April, 1987
Status Report on Combination Alternatives and Diversion Alternatives, March, 1986
Standards for Adult Probation Services in Texas, November, 1988
Summary Report 1986 Texas Crime Poll, November, 1986
Texas House of Representatives Reports, 1987-1989
Texas Punishment Standard Commission, 1992, 1993
Time to Build? The Realities of Prison Construction, Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, 1984
The Future Population of Texas: Alternative Scenarios of Growth and Their Implications for Public and Private Services, November, 1980
Collected Material
Community Corrections, undated, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1996
General, undated, 1981, 1986-1990, 1993-1995
Jail Construction, 1975, 1986, 1989
Juvenile Corrections,
General, undated, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985-1987, 1989-1992, 1994, 1995
Hearing before the Senate Subcommittee on “Status Offenders: Risk and Remedies,” May 22, 1991
Youth Related Provisions in the Violent Crime and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, November 23, 1994
Legislature, undated, 1978, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1995
Prison Deaths, 1994
Prison Overcrowding, undated, 1983-1985, 1987-1989, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995
Prison Standards,
General, 1978, 1980, 1982
Texas Commission on Jail Standards Research, 1976, 1978, 1980-1982
Privatization, undated, 1986-1992
Program on Psychological Types, July, 1989
Sentencing and Reform,
General, undated, 1983-1985, 1987-1992, 1995, 1996
Sentencing Guidelines Manual, June, 1984
Statistical Reports, 1989-1992



 
box
4K891 Personal 1974-1996, undated
Resumes, 1984, 1988, 1990-1991
Education, 1974-1996, undated
Southwest Texas State University, 1978-1981, 1983, undated
Term papers, 1983
Research material, 1978-1980, undated
Handwritten notes, undated
Clippings, 1978,1980
Pamphlet, 1981
Lyndon Baines Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas, 1974-1996, undated
Creative works, 1984, 1986, 1988
Term papers, 1984, 1986
Class notes, 1986
Professional report, “Prison Expansion in Texas: A Policy Appraisal,” 1988
Internship material, 1985
Letters and memoranda, 1984-1985, 1987-1996
Student memos, 1984
Student directories, 1984, 1985
Course schedule, 1987
Alumni memos, 1988-1996
Printed material, 1974-1996, undated
Orientation folders, 1984-1985
Student prospectuses, 1984-1985
General application material for PhD program, 1990
Bound student resumes, 1985
LBJ Publications, 1974-1996
LBJ Journal of Public Affairs, 1989-1993, 1995-1996
On Campus, 1988
Policy Research Project Reports, 1986, 1991
Public Affairs Comment, 1974-1984
The Record, 1984-1992
Alumni Publications, 1986-1996
Directories, 1986-1987, 1989-1994
box
4K874 Updates, 1987-1996
Austin newsletters, 1987-1988
Assorted, 1990, 1993, 1995, undated
St. Edward's University 1977, 1980, 1981, undated
Letters of recommendation, 1981
Includes articles about Donald Taylor, 1977, 1980, undated
Sam Houston State University, 1992, undated
Printed material, 1992, undated
Certificate of instruction, undated
Texas Crime Poll survey, 1992
Religious Material, 1981, 1990-1991, 1993, undated
Bible study material with annotations, undated
Printed material, 1981, 1990-1991, 1993, undated
Assorted, 1980, 1982-1984, 1987-1992, 1994-1996, undated
Ann Richards material, 1990-1991
Letter with enclosures, including autographed photograph, 1991
Printed material, 1991
Program from inauguration, 1991
Signed receipt for contribution, 1990
Program from memorial service for Barbara Jordan, 1996
Letters, 1983-1984, 1991, 1992
Letter from Ken Gjemere, 1991
Includes two copies of an article about Gjemere
Printed material, 1980, 1983-1984, 1987-1992, 1994-1995, undated
Clippings, 1982-1984, 1989, 1991-1992, undated
Creative works, undated
Handwritten and printed contact information, undated
Ephemera, undated
Black and white mask of unidentified man, undated