University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Patty Young Collection, 1983-1997, 2002-2015



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Young, Patty
Title: Young, Patty, Collection
Dates: 1983-1997, 2002-2015
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, transcripts, testimony, news clippings, printed materials, monographs, photographs, videocassettes, and audio material comprise the Patty Young Collection, 1983-1997, 2002-2015, which document Patty Young’s involvement with the anti-smoking movement, specifically her crusade to protect flight attendants from the effects of second-hand smoke.
Accession No.: 93-025; 93-478; 94-067; 94-339; 95-049; 96-048; 97-301; 2000-2; 2000-77; 2015-177
Extent: 6 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Patty Young is an anti-smoking advocate, specifically focusing on passive smoking (commonly known as second-hand smoke) and smoking on airplanes. A flight attendant since 1966, Patty Young started her one-woman crusade against smoking on airplanes in 1969. At first her crusade focused mainly on the dangers of cigarette fires. This concern, however, soon changed to encompass the health concerns of passive smoking, since young flight attendants who had never smoked were continually diagnosed with chronic and life threatening health issues, such as smoke intolerance, sinusitis, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and lung cancer. Young herself has many health issues due to constant exposure to tobacco smoke on airplanes. Congress banned smoking on domestic flights in 1990 mainly due to Young’s testimony on passive smoking.

Young and Norma Broin, a fellow flight attendant diagnosed with lung cancer at age 34, filed a landmark $5 billion class-action lawsuit against the tobacco industry in 1991. Miami based lawyer Stanley Rosenblatt handled the case, Broin v. Philip Morris. By 1996, they were joined in this lawsuit by 60,000 non-smoking flight attendants. The tobacco industry settled with the plaintiffs for over $300 million in 1997. The settlement, among other things, created the Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute, a non-profit medical and scientific research foundation dedicated to the sponsorship of research for the early detection, prevention, treatment, and cure of diseases and conditions caused by second-hand smoke. Though they settled the lawsuit, the tobacco industry did not acknowledge the harmful nature of second-hand smoke. Broin v. Philip Morris created a precedent for similar legal action against the tobacco companies.

Sources:

Stolberg, Sheryl. “Leading the Air War on Cigarettes,” Los Angeles Times, February 15, 1996.

Navarro, Mireya. “Cigarette Makers Reach Settlement in Nonsmoker Suit,” New York Times, October 11, 1997.

Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute. “History.” Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute. http://www.famri.org/about_famri/history.html (accessed June 17, 2010).

Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute. “Statements.” Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute. http://www.famri.org/about_famri/mission_statement.html (accessed June 17, 2010).

Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute. “Flight Attendants’ History.” Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute. http://www.famri.org/flight_attendants/flight_attendants_history.html (accessed June 17, 2010).


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, reports, transcripts, testimony, news clippings, printed materials, monographs, photographs, videocassettes, and audio material comprise the Patty Young Collection, 1983-1997, 2002-2015, which document Patty Young’s involvement with the anti-smoking movement, specifically her crusade to protect flight attendants from the effects of second-hand smoke.

The collection contains material concerning Young’s class action lawsuit against the tobacco industry and Young’s testimonies before Congress in 1984 and 1994. Furthermore, the collection contains information and publications from the Association of Professional Flight Attendants; proceedings of anti-smoking conferences and symposia; material on aircraft cabin safety, air quality, and the Airliner Cabin Air Quality Act; and anti-smoking literature. Audiovisual material in the collection concerns Young’s efforts to ban smoking on airplanes and includes tapes of several appearances on Oprah and other current affairs shows, radio spots, and photos from American Airlines.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

A portion of this collection is stored remotely. Advance notice required for retrieval. Contact repository for retrieval.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Young, Patty--Archives
Broin, Norma
Rosenblatt, Stanley M., 1936-
Subjects (Organizations)
Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute
Association of Professional Flight Attendants
Altria Group
American Airlines, Inc.
Subjects
Flight attendants--Labor unions
Antismoking movement--United States--History--20th century
Passive smoking--Law and legislation
Tobacco industry--United States
Places
Dallas (Tex.)
Miami (Fla.)

Related Material

For related material see the Anti-Smoking Archive at the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History. Collections contained in this archive include:

The Smokefree Educational Services, Inc. Records

Dr. William Cahan Papers

Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights Archive.

Pamela Lechtman Collection

Diane Gail Emery Papers

Esther Schiller Papers


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Patty Young Collection, 1983-1997, 2002-2015, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Archives Staff, November 2015.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Stored off-site at LSF

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2.325/M74a (03809110) Harassment of Young on the first no-smoking incident where the Captain wanted people to smoke on First Class jumpseat on a narrow-body aircraft
Harassment on second no-smoking incident
Young's speech in Congress; commercial Martin Himmel had made and sent to 8,500 radio stations
Interview transcripts and interviews
Two letters, Young to Bob Crandall (President of American Airlines) requesting his help to get smoking off the airplane
Young's Lawsuit, Class Action lawsuit articles
Check rides and spy rides
CAP-FAA reports
CAB Testimony of Young, February 14, 1984
Young's reports
Flight reports
Passenger correspondence
Correspondence supporting Young and no-smoking movement
Commendations
Correspondence received
Sympathy cards upon death of Young's mother
Correspondence:
Young vs. American Airlines
Lawyers' letters
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2.325/M74b (03809132) Flight attendant-union information, publications:
Association of Professional Flight Attendants (APFA)
Skyworld Magazine, 1985-1992
Flight attendant training programs
Cockpit and flight attendant manual revisions from FAA and American Airlines
American Classic Collection designed by Bill Blass for American Airlines flight attendants
DFW People, airport newsletter
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2.325/M74a (03795785) Conferences and Symposia:
Proceedings Ninth Annual International Aircraft Cabin Safety Symposium, sponsored by Southern California Safety Institute, Inc., Pasadena Hilton, Pasadena, California February 17-20, 1992
International Health Conference Proceedings, Flight Attendant Occupational Health Issues, November 12-14, 1990, Washington, D. C., Association of Flight Attendants, 1991
To Ban Smoking On Airline Aircraft, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Aviation of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session, June 22, 1989, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1990
Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Compendium of Technical Information, draft May 1991
Anti-Smoking conferences
Aircraft Cabin Safety; Air Quality:
Safety Concerns of American Airlines' Boeing 757 Modifications Aircraft Cabin Safety; Air Quality
Public Law 100-202 concerning smoking and smoke detectors on domestic flights
Proposals to Amend 14 CFR Part 252, Smoking Aboard Aircraft, Docket No. 41431
Docket 26566, to request FAA to ban tobacco smoking on all U. S. carriers and to set specific standards for the design, installation and testing of airplane lavatory smoke detectors
Safety issues raised by AA's policy of smoking in jumpseat areas
Campaign to ban smoking on all airplane flights, including form letters to congressmen and to Department of Transportation
Aircraft cabin safety, smoke, pollutants, radiation; Lawsuits against American Airlines by Joyce Avriette, Lori Andrews, and Margaret Brennan
Lawsuits and information concerning flight attendants' weight requirements
Miscellaneous
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2.325/M75b (03795774) Anti-smoking literature:
Anti-smoking
Tobacco
Anti-smoking publications:
ANR Update (Americans for Non-Smokers' Rights)
ASH (Action of Smoking and Health)
World Smoking and Health
Smokefree Air
Tobacco and Youth Reporter
Assorted Information on no-smoking
Statistics
Clippings, other topics
Discrimination compliant and correspondence, 1993-1994
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2.325/M75c (04914369) Videotapes:
Oprah Winfrey Show, 1987, 1991
ASH Flight Attendants press conference, July 24, 1989
EVAS, “Smoke in the Cockpit”
CNN, Newsnight, Science, Technology week, July 12, 13, 1991
Inside Edition, Aircraft fires from Dean Resch, FAA
Dave for Patty, ABC Person of the Week, Dave Georlitz, “Winston Man - Anti-Smoking Activist”
Sound recordings:
Martin Himmel Health Foundation
Flight attendant spots, January 26, 1990
Photographs:
Jeffrey Braun, from a sympathy card from, Joe, Marly and Jeffrey Braun, June 1991
American Airlines photographs:
“The Look is Natural”
“A Portrait of Elegance”
“Suited to the Individual”
“Weathering the Storm in Style”
“American Masterpieces”
“Man of the Airways About Town”
“Classic look for Dining in the Skies”
“Winter Warmups”
“Classic Jet-Age Chic”
Correspondence, 1983
Grievance, 1983
Speech, undated
box
94-339/1 (05230755) Congressional hearings, May 18, 1994, International Flights, No Smoking:
Hearing statements from the Subcommittee on Aviation on Airliner Cabin Air Quality:
Cover note to Young from Sherri Watson, American Lung Association, June 16, 1994
Agenda
Press Memorandum
Copies of Individual Statements
Letter to Young from Representative Henry B. Gonzalez, June 17, 1994
Copies of Individual Statements
Materials related to the Airliner Cabin Air Quality Act:
FAX of James Oberstar statement in Congressional Record, May 26, 1994, plus phone numbers of congressional committee members, June 3, 1994
Annotated activity log and notes
Speech magazine, with article “Fumar encurta a carreira e a vida do aeronauta” June 1992
Letter from Marion R. Herz, U.S. E.P.A., with enclosures
Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights pamphlet
Letter to Oberstar, July 14, 1994
Copy of above to Caroline Gabel
Notice of meeting of Subcommittee on Aviation (FAX)
Portion of proxy statement, Merrill Lynch
FAX and proxy statement from Alcon International, April 25, 1994
AMR Corporation, Annual Report, 1993
Letter from Joyce Hagan, April 22, 1994
News Release, Association of Flight Attendants, “Flight Attendants Testify on Need for Aircraft Air Quality Improvements” May 18, 1994
ASH Smoking and Health Review, March-April 1994
Tobacco-Free Youth Reporter, Spring, 1994
Papers sent back to me from CBS Newsman Peter Van Sant, “Harassment of Patty”
Off-air videotapes of interviews, tapes of meetings (20 cassettes), 1987-1994
box
94-339/2 (05230744) Newspaper and magazine articles on smoking and other related items, 1991-1993, and undated
S.A.F.E. (Smoke-Free Air for Everyone) materials sent to Young by Esther Schiller
Flight attendant Barbara George’s workers’ compensation case materials, 1992
Smoking violations on American Airlines aircraft, accident/incident reports, 1990-1993
Flight Attendant Marilynn Mittan’s workers’ compensation case materials, 1989, and related items, 1992-1993
Diane Emery file, including lawsuit against Caravan of Dreams’ smoking policy, 1993
Billy J. Williams discrimination complaint materials, 1992-1994 Attempt to make Dallas Democratic Party headquarters smoke free, 1993-1994 (correspondence, notes, miscellaneous)
Newspaper articles on flight attendants’ complaints against tobacco companies, 1991-1994; copy of class action complaint filed in Florida, undated; memos about passive smoking lawsuit, 1991, 1992
Articles on smoking, 1988-1994; letter in support of Patty Young from Billy J. Williams to Arlington News, May 14, 1994
Articles on smoking, 1992-1994; “The Congressional Addiction to Tobacco: How the Tobacco Lobby Suffocates Federal Health Policy,” report, 1992; cover letter from Michael N. Emmerman and reports on air quality, November 2, 1988; note from flight attendant Kathy Herring, undated
DFW airport non-smoking: notes, copies of regulations, correspondence, speeches, 1992-1993, audiotape of city council meeting, January 27, 1993
DFW Airport Admirals Club: correspondence and related materials, 1993
American Airlines customer letters on smoking (relating to incident wherein Patty Young was disciplined for trying to enforce anti-smoking regulations), 1990; one company response, October 10, 1990, copy of Captain’s Irregularity Report, June 25, 1990
Newspaper clippings, 1989-1994
Newspaper clippings, 1993-1994, undated
Newspaper article about second-hand smoke lawsuit, 1997
Magazine articles, 1989-1994
box
94-339/3 (05228753) Anti-smoking publications
Letters with clippings enclosed
Esther Schiller testimony and support materials
INFACT note, and printed material July 21, 1994
“Some Strategic Implications of the Changing Public Policy Environment for Tobacco Control,” Advocacy Institute report summary, June 16, 1994
SmokeFree Pennsylvania materials, with cover note from Bill, May 25, 1993
Billy Williams news clippings, 1983-1989, undated



 

Stored on-site at SRH

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2.325/A75b “Leading the Air War on Cigarettes,” Los Angeles Times, February 15, 1996
Articles regarding flight attendants winning smoking settlement, October 11, 1997
Trial photographs (printouts), 1997
Monographs:
Highlights from FAMRI Funded Research, 2013
box
4Q262 The H-Index Are In: FAMRI Funded Research scores #2 When Compared to Scientific Research Institutions, 2014
The Research Faces of FAMRI (2 copies), 2015
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4Zd3 Are We Asking the Right Questions? (2 copies), 2006
Dedicated to the Memory of Bland Lane, 1929-2007 (2 copies), 2007
A FAMRI Tribute to Julius B. Richmond (2 copies), 2008
Those Were the Days… (2 copies), 2009
FAMRI and Flight Attendants: A Decade of Progress (2 copies), 2010
FAMRI Screening Centers (2 copies), 2012
Highlights from Funded Research (2 copies), 2013
The H-Index Are In: FAMRI Funded Research scores #2 When Compared to Scientific Research Institutions, 2014
Annual Reports, 2006-2008
Annual Report, 2009
Newsletters and Reports, 2004-2008
Brochures and photos, 2002-2007