Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Texas War Records Collection, 1916-1919, 1940-1951



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Texas War Records Collection Organization
Creator: Allen, Winnie
Title: Texas War Records Collection
Dates: 1916-1919, 1940-1951
Abstract: Correspondence, legal documents, reports, resolutions, lists, lecture notes, examinations, personnel records, class rolls, memoranda, proceedings, account papers, financial papers, minutes, blueprints, indexes, narratives, literary productions, broadsides, bulletins, military manuals, posters, pamphlets, bibliography, curriculum schedules, printers plates, clippings, maps, and photographs concerning Texas' participation in World Wars I and II.
Accession No.: 93-331; 87-57; 82-115; 82-110; 81-53
Extent: 223 ft., 4 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

The Texas War Records Collection comprises materials related to Texas' participation in World War I and World War II. The collection has its roots in an organization developed at the University of Texas circa 1918-1919, the Texas War Records Collection organization. This organization was proposed by Milton R. Gutsch, history professor at the University of Texas at Austin, October 8, 1918, and approved by the School of History and then University President Robert E. Vinson a few days later. On October 22, the Board of Regents appropriated $7,500 for the collection and preservation of the Texas War Records, to span September 1, 1919, to September 1, 1921, and Gutsch was appointed Director.

The organization consisted of the director and administrative staff, county and community war records organizations, and auxiliary agencies, and was generously assisted by the Daughters of the Confederacy, the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the Federation of Women's Clubs. The main goals of the organization were to collect all materials representing the contributions of Texas to World War I, to classify the materials collected, and to preserve the records. Materials were divided into three groups: general material, both American and foreign; state materials; and county and community materials.

No such similar organization was formed to collect World War II records, but archivists at the University of Texas at Austin, particularly archivist Winnie Allen, accessioned, kept, and organized the records, and eventually added records related to Texas' participation in World War II to the Texas War Records Collection.

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Scope and Contents

The Texas War Records Collection, 1916-1919, 1940-1951, includes correspondence, legal documents, reports, resolutions, lists, lecture notes, examinations, personnel records, class rolls, memoranda, proceedings, account papers, financial papers, minutes, blueprints, indexes, narratives, literary productions, broadsides, bulletins, military manuals, posters, pamphlets, bibliography, curriculum schedules, printers plates, clippings, maps, and photographs. These records concern Texas participation in World Wars I and II, specifically relating to the organization of committees, structures, and machinery to coordinate the work of documenting World War I and Texas participation in it, and to activities of organizations created for the duration of World War I and World War II which functioned at federal, state, local, and institutional levels.

The records also relate to the Air Service School for Radio Operators, School of Automobile Mechanics, School of Military Aeronautics, Texas State Council of Defense, National Council of Defense, Federal Fuel Administration, Federal Food Administration, American Library Association, Liberty Loan Drives, county draft records, draft bulletins, individual county participation in war effort, Engineering, Science and Management Defense Training at the University of Texas, and the Santo Tomás and Los Baños internment camps (Philippine Islands).

Also included in the collection are newspaper clippings about Texas soldiers in World War II, news clippings of world maps, articles about Texas civilians (primarily obituaries) and Walter Prescott Webb's column, "England in Wartime, As Seen by a Texas Historian". Also included is printed material on various facets of life in the United States during and immediately after World War II, including newsletters and pamphlets of service, relief, and political organizations, as well as information printed by the War Dept. to facilitate veterans' readjustment to civilian life after the war.

Of particular interest is a ration book containing ration stamps of Winnie Allen, Robert Powers, and Charles Ramsdell, as well as Winnie Allen's Red Cross card, 1945. Other noteworthy material includes six issues of the Main-Post newspaper, Wuerzburg, Bavaria, in German, published by the United States War Department for occupied Germany in 1946.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Portions of this collection are stored remotely. Advance notice required for retrieval. Contact repository for retrieval.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Allen, Winnie
Gutsch, Milton R., 1885–1967
Webb, Walter Prescott, 1888-1963
Powers, Robert
Ramsdell, Charles W. (Charles William), 1877-1942
Barker, Eugene C. (Eugene Campbell), 1874-1956
Battle, William James, 1870-1955
Benedict, Harry Yandell, 1869-1937
Blair, William McC. (William McCormick), 1916-
Bryant, John Myron, b. 1877
Duncalf, Frederic, 1882-
Dunlap, Orrin Elmer, 1896-
Goodwin, John Edward
Granberry, Collier Read
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
Jewett, A. C.
McAdoo, William Gibbs, 1863-1941
McClendon, James William
Milam, Carl Hastings, 1884-1963
Porter, George Forbes, 1902-
Vinson, Robert
Williams, O. W. (Oscar Waldo), 1853-1946
Winkler, Ernest William, 1875-1960
Woolrich, Willis Raymond, 1889-
Subjects (Organizations)
United States. Council of National Defense
Texas. Militia
Texas. Council of Defense
American Library Association
United States. Fuel Administration
United States Food Administration
Subjects
World War, 1914-1918--Texas
World War, 1939-1945--Texas
Agriculture--Texas
Commerce--Texas
Education--Texas
Religion--Texas
Science--Texas
Places
Washington (D.C.)
Austin (Tex.)
Camp Mabry (Tex.)
Dallas (Tex.)
Houston (Tex.)
San Antonio (Tex.)
Texas--Politics and government

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Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Artifact Collection, Photograph Collection, and to the Library Unit. Some material has been separated to the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, Iconography Collection.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Texas War Records Collection, 1916-1919, 1940-1951, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

Processing Information

Portions of this collection are unprocessed. Contact repository for more information.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

Contact repository for more information.

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