Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

Stored offsite at LSF

Stored onsite at SRH

Stored offsite at LSF

Stored onsite at SRH

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the José San Román Papers, 1823-1934



Descriptive Summary

Creator: San Román, José
Title: San Román, José Papers
Dates: 1823-1934
Abstract: The papers of José San Román (1822–ca.1895), merchant, banker, and broker in the contraband cotton trade of the Civil War, include correspondence, letter press books, notebooks, sales ledgers, purchase and cash journals, receipts, checks and check stubs, insurance policies, books, circulars, bulletins, price lists, clippings, passenger registers, decrees, summons, suits, powers of attorney, contracts, money, maps, and broadsides.
Accession No.: 1936
OCLC No.: 777686756
Extent: 21 ft.
Language: Materials are written in Spanish and English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

José San Román (1822–ca.1895) was a merchant, banker, and broker in the contraband cotton trade of the Civil War. San Román, born in Spain, moved to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, in 1846 and established a dry-goods firm. San Román was quite successful in this venture, and by 1850 the business extended across the Rio Grande to the newly incorporated town of Brownsville, Texas. Furthermore, his business expanded into commercial credit, trustee holdings, real estate, and cotton brokerage. He moved to Texas in 1860.

As a broker, San Román facilitated the smuggling of cotton through the Union Blockade during the Civil War. In the early 1860s he began selling cotton to foreign countries as well as to New York, and in this way became one of the wealthiest men in South Texas. After the war San Román took on an apprentice, Simón Celaya, with whom he opened a large mercantile firm in Brownsville and began a partnership. San Román assisted with the building of, and the new charter for, the Rio Grande Railroad, from Point Isabel to Brownsville. In addition, he and Celaya were involved in the Tamaulipas Zona Libre bill of 1870, which concerned the transportation of goods from Texas to Mexico.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "San Román, José," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/SS/fsa16.html (accessed June 3, 2010).

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Scope and Contents

The papers of José San Román, 1823-1934, include correspondence, letter press books, notebooks, sales ledgers, purchase and cash journals, receipts, checks and check stubs, insurance policies, books, circulars, bulletins, price lists, clippings, passenger registers, decrees, summons, suits, powers of attorney, contracts, money, maps, and broadsides. The papers concern a dry-goods business started by San Román in Matamoros and Brownsville, which extended into banking and the importation of cotton, tobacco, and dry-goods.

The papers also relate to French and Spanish vice-consular circulars concerning port tariffs and importation regulations in Texas ports, the presence of United States troops in Matamoros (1846–47), José María Carbajal's rebellion and instigation of expeditions against Cuba, and the Battle of Saltillo (1855). Additionally, the papers concern the Panic of 1857 in New York banks and its effect on cotton importation, the threat of French occupation of Matamoros, Juan N. Cortina's revolt (1859) and occupation of Matamoros, and the blockade running of cotton, arms, drugs, and medicine for the Confederate States of America. The papers also include documentation of a surprise attack on Bagdad (1866), and how this affected the illegal cotton trade, and concern the threat of European war to the cotton market. Furthermore, the papers relate to the establishment of Helena Acadamy at Karnes County, the Tamaulipas Zona Libre bill of 1870, which affected the transportation of goods from Texas to Mexico, and negotiations to sell the Buenavista Hacienda (1880-1886). Materials are written in Spanish and English.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Portions of these papers are stored remotely. Advance notice required for retrieval. Contact repository for retrieval.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
San Román, José--Archives.
Canalizo, Valentín, 1794-1850
Davis, E. J. (Edmund Jackson), 1827-1883
López, Juan J. (Juan José)
Pease, E. M. (Edmund Morris), 1828-1906
Canalizo, Valentín, 1794-1850
Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876
Subjects
Cotton trade--United States
Cotton trade--Confederate States of America
Smuggling--Texas
Dry-goods--Texas
Places
Havana (Cuba)
Liverpool (England)
London (England)
France
New Orleans (La.)
Matamoros (Tamaulipas, Mexico)
Mexico City (Mexico)
Monterrey (Mexico)
Saltillo (Mexico)
Veracruz (Mexico)
New York (N.Y.)
Santander (Spain)
Brownsville (Tex.)
Laredo (Tex.)
Port Isabel (Tex.)
Rio Grande City (Tex.)
San Antonio (Tex.)
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Blockades

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

José San Román Papers, 1823-1934, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Ed Sevcik, May 2006.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

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Stored offsite at LSF

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2G41 Letters, 1823
Letters, 1828
Letters, 1837
Letters, 1839
Letters, 1840-1848
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2G42 Letters, 1849
Letters, 1850
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2G43 Letters, 1850
Letters, January - June, 1851
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2G44 Letters, July - December, 1851
Letters, 1852
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2G45 Letters, 1853
Letters, 1854
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2G46 Letters, 1854
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2G47 Letters, 1855
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2G48 Letters, 1855
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2G49 Letters, 1855
Letters, 1856
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2G50 Letters, 1856
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2G51 Letters, 1857
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2G52 Letters, 1857
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2G53 Letters, 1857
Letters, 1858
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2G54 Letters, 1858
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2G55 Letters, 1858
Letters, 1859
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2G56 Letters, 1859
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2G57 Letters, 1859
Letters, 1860
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2G58 Letters, 1860
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2G59 Letters, 1860
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2G60 Letters, 1860
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2G61 Letters, 1861
Letters, 1862
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2G62 Letters, 1862
Letters, 1863
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2G63 Letters, 1863
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2G64 Letters, 1863
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2G65 Letters, 1863
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2G66 Letters, 1863
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2G67 Letters, 1863
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2G68 Letters, 1864
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2G69 Letters, 1864
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2G70 Letters, 1864
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2G71 Letters, 1864
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2G72 Letters, 1864
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2G73 Letters, 1864
Letters, 1865
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2G74 Letters, 1865
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2G75 Letters, 1865
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2G76 Letters, 1865
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2G77 Letters, 1865
Letters, 1866
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2G78 Letters, 1866
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2G79 Letters, 1867
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2G80 Letters, 1867
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2G81 Letters, 1867
Letters, 1868
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2G82 Letters, 1868
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2G83 Letters, 1868
Letters, 1869
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2G84 Letters, 1869
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2G85 Letters, 1869
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2G86 Letters, 1870
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2G87 Letters, 1870
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2G88 Letters, 1870
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2G89 Letters, 1870
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2G90 Letters, 1870
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2G91 Letters, 1871
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2G92 Letters, 1871
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2G93 Letters, 1872
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2G94 Letters, 1872
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2G95 Letters, 1872
Letters, 1873
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2G96 Letters, 1873
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2G97 Letters, 1873
Letters, 1874
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2G98 Letters, 1874
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2G99 Letters, 1875
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2G100 Letters, 1875
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2G101 Letters, 1875
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2G102 Letters, 1875
Letters, 1876
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2G103 Letters, 1876
Letters, 1877
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2G104 Letters, 1877
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2G105 Letters, 1877
Letters, 1878
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2G106 Letters, 1878
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2G107 Letters, 1878
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2G108 Letters, 1878
Letters, 1879
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2G109 Letters, 1879
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2G110 Letters, 1879
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2G111 Letters, 1879
Letters, 1880
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2G112 Letters, 1880
Letters, 1881
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2G113 Letters, 1881
Letters, 1882
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2G114 Letters, 1883
Letters, 1884
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2G115 Letters, 1884
Letters, 1885
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2G116 Letters, 1885
Letters, 1886
Letters, 1887
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2G117 Letters, 1887
Letters, 1888
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2G118 Letters, 1889
Letters, 1890
Letters, 1892
Letters, 1895
Letters, 1899
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2G119 Undated letters and fragments
Letter book, May 1863 - November 1866
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2G120 Letter press books, January, 1854 – July, 185
Letter press books, July, 1858 – November, 1860
Letter press books, September, 1861 – May, 1862
Letter press books, June, 1862 – November, 1862
Letter press books, November, 1862 – May, 1863
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2G121 Letter press books, May - October, 1863
Letter press books, October, 1863 – March, 1864
Letter press books, March - September, 1864
Letter press books, September, 1864 – March, 1865
Letter press books, March-August, 1865
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2G122 Letter press books, February, 1864 – July, 1866
Letter press books, March - September, 1866
Letter press books, July, 1866 – April, 1868
Letter press books, September, 1866 – April, 1868
Letter press books, September, 1866 – February, 1867
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2G123 Letter press books, February - March, 1867
Letter press books, February - June, 1867
Letter press books, June - November, 1867
Letter press books, November, 1867 – May, 1868
Letter press books, May - October, 1868
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2G124 Letter press books, April, 1868 – February, 1869
Letter press books, November, 1868 – April, 1869
Letter press books, April - August, 1869
Letter press books, August, 1869 – January, 1870
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2G125 Letter press books, January - May, 1870
Letter press books, May - November, 1870
Letter press books, November, 1870 – March, 1871
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2G126 Letter press books, April-August, 1871
Letter press books, August-December, 1871
Letter press books, December, 1871 – June, 1872
Letter press books, June-October, 1872
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2G127 Letter press books, November-December, 1872
Letter press books, December, 1872 – April, 1873
Letter press books, February, 1870 – September, 1878
Thomas Ruckman, November, 1874 – January, 1875
Letter press books, July, 1875 – May, 1876
Letter press books, October, 1876 – May, 1878
Letter press books, June-October, 1880
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2G128 Letter press books, February-June, 1882
Letter press books, January, 1883 – July, 1886
Letter press books, May, 1884 – November, 1886
Letter press books, July, 1889 – January, 1892
Letter press books, Undated
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2G129 Notebooks
January-May, 1837
Cash journal, October, 1841 – January, 1846
Ledgers November, 1846 – January, 1849
Ledgers July, 1848 – March, 1849
Ledgers 1849-1850
Sales ledger, June - September, 1850
Ledgers, October, 1851 – July, 1857
Ledgers, February–December, 1852
Ledgers, January-November, 1858
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2G130 Ledgers, April, 1852 – November, 1853
Ledgers, February, 1853 – November, 1879
Purchase journal, 1853 -July,1854
Ledgers, May, 1853 – January, 1855
Ledgers, January - August, 1855
Ledgers, July, 1855 – April, 1856
Cash journal, August, 1855 - May, 1857
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2G131 Sales journals August, 1855 – May, 1857
Sales journals May, 1856 – April, 1857
Ledgers, May, 1856 – April, 1857
Ledgers, February, 1857 – February, 1858
Cash journal, May, 1858 – May, 1865
Sales ledger, December, 1858 – September, 1860
Cash journal, February, 1859 – November, 1868
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2G132 Cash journal, November, 1859 – May, 1861
Ledgers, December, 1859 – August, 1860
Ledgers, 1860-1866
Sales ledger, January, 1860 – March, 1861
Cash journal, January-November, 1860
Cash journal, April-October, 1861
Ledgers, April, 1861 – April, 1862
Ledgers, December 1861 – April, 1862
Ledgers, February, 1863 – September, 1866
Ledgers, October, 1863 – November 1866
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2G133 Ledgers, January-August, 1864
Ledgers, February-September, 1864
Ledgers, March-December, 1864
Ledgers, January, 1864 – July, 1866
Ledgers, February, 1864 – September, 1865
Ledgers, February, 1864 – July, 1866
Ledgers, March, 1864 – January, 1867
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2G134 Ledgers, July 1864, - November, 1867
Ledgers, October, 1864 – March, 1866
Sales journal, January, 1865
Ledgers, February-May, 1865
Ledgers, June 1865 – June, 1869
Sales journal, January, 1866 – April, 1869
Ledgers, January, 1866 – July, 1869
Ledgers, March-July, 1866
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2G135 Ledgers, March-July, 1866
Ledgers, March-August, 1866
Ledgers, March, 1866 – March, 1868
Ledgers, June 1866 – October, 1871
Ledgers, August, 1866 – March, 1867
Ledgers, August, 1866 – June, 1867
Ledgers, August, 1866 – November, 1867
Purchase journal, September, 1866 – February, 1869
Ledger, February-April, 1867
Sales ledger, April, 1867 – March, 1868
Ledger, November, 1867 – May, 1871
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2G136 Purchase ledger, November, 1867 – July, 1878
Ledgers, November, 1867 – March, 1868
Ledgers, January, 1868 – June, 1869
Ledgers, January, 1868 – August, 1869
Ledgers, April, 1868 – February, 1869
Ledgers, April, 1868 – June, 1869
Ledgers, March, 1868 – June, 1871
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2G137 Ledgers, January-March, 1869
Ledgers, January-April, 1869
Ledgers, January-May, 1869
Cash journal, February, 1869 – February, 1870
Ledgers, February, 1869 – May, 1870
Ledgers, August, 1869 – December, 1870
Ledgers, January, 1870 – January, 1871
Ledgers, January, 1870 - December, 1872
Ledgers, April-August, 1870
Ledgers, July, 1870 – November, 1873
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2G138 Ledgers, December, 1870 – December, 1874
Ledgers, February-October, 1871
Ledgers, August, 1871 – May, 1877
Ledgers, August, 1871 – April, 1879
Ledgers, January-March, 1872
Ledgers, November, 1881 – August, 1883
Ledgers, January-May, 1872
Ledgers, January-August, 1872
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2G139 Ledgers, January, 1872 – October, 1874
Ledgers, March, 1872 – November, 1873
Ledgers, February-May, 1874
Purchase journals, May, 1874 – October, 1875
Purchase journals, July, 1874 – August, 1876
Ledgers, January-October, 1875
Ledgers, October, 1875-February, 1877
Ledgers, March, 1875-February, 1876
Sales journal, September, 1875 – December, 1878
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2G140 Purchase journal, 1875
Ledgers, February, 1876 – June, 1877
Ledgers, February, 1876 – July, 1877
Ledgers, February, 1876 – July, 1877
Ledgers, June, 1876 – January, 1877
Ledgers, August, 1876 – November, 1878
Ledgers, August, 1876 – August, 1882
Ledgers, September, 1876
Ledgers, December, 1876 – December, 1878
Ledgers, March-December, 1877
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2G141 Ledgers, July-December, 1877
Purchase ledger, May-November, 1877
Sales journal, January-May, 1878
Ledgers, January-July, 1878
Ledgers, April, 1878 – November, 1879
Ledgers, December, 1878 – April, 1881
Ledgers, March, 1879 – December, 1880
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2G142 Ledgers, June-November, 1881
Ledgers, January-July, 1882
Ledgers, September, 1882 – June, 1898
Ledgers, January, 1883 – December, 1893
Undated and miscellaneous ledgers
Misplaced indices to ledgers
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2G143 Business papers
Receipts
Checks and check stubs
Insurance policies
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2G144 Miscellaneous business papers
Suit, Francisco Armendais vs. Ma Antonio de la Serna, 1865-1875
Thomas Ruckman material [ca. 1876-1934]
Scrapbook, 1850
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2G145 Printed material
Books concerning
Shipping
Fishery
Industry
History
Medicine
School maps
Bulletins
Price lists
Clippings
Pictures and money
Miscellaneous

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Stored onsite at SRH

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2.325/C113c Miscellaneous business papers
World shipment of sugar, etc, 1855-1878
News clippings, Texas and Mexico, 1861, [ca. 1900 – ca. 1940]
Commercial and political ephemera, 1863-1890

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Stored offsite at LSF

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4L176 Cash book, 1849
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4L177 Passenger register, April, 1849 – October 1, 1850
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4L178 Ledger, August 25, 1853 – December 31, 1876
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4L179 Passenger register, March 29, 1855
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4L180 Ledger, April 17, 1855 – March 11, 1858
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4L181 Ledger, July 1, 1855 – June 1, 1862
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4L182 Ledger, August 2, 1855 – April 18, 1857
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4L183 Ledger, August 6, 1855 – April 8, 1857
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4L184 Ledger, March 11, 1858 – April 30, 1860
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4L185 Ledger, January 1, 1860 – December 31, 1880
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4L186 Ledger, January 7, 1882 – December 20, 1883
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4L187 Journal, April 30, 1860 – July 31, 1864
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4L188 Journal, 1873-1875
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4L189 Ledger, November 4, 1860 – August 6, 1866
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4L190 Ledger, January 1, 1862 – December 31, 1872
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4L191 Ledger, July 10, 1864 – August 5, 1879
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4L192 Ledger, August 31, 1864 – April 6, 1870
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4L193 Ledger, 1863-1866
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4L194 Ledger, 1865-1868
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4L195 Ledger, April 1, 1868 – February 16, 1869
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4L196 Ledger, May 31, 1870 – December 21, 1872
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4L197 Account book, January 1, 1871 – October 1, 1892
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4L198 Account book, September 2, 1871 – July 28, 1875
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4L199 Ledger, 1872-1873
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4L200 Documents, August 31, 1872 – August 29, 1877
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4L201 Ledger, January 1, 1873 – March 31, 1877
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4L202 Ledger, January 1, 1873 – December 31, 1874
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4L203 Ledger, January 1, 1873 – November 30, 1874
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4L204 Balance book, November 1, 1873 – December 21, 1874
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4L205 Ledger, January 1-December 31, 1876
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4L206 Ledger, August 30, 1877 – June 9, 1878
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4L207 Ledger, 1875-1878
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4L208 Ledger, December 26, 1877 – July 18, 1878
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4L209 Ledger, January 1, 1878 – May 5, 1887
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4L210 Ledger, July 12, 1880 – February 5, 1884
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4L211 Ledger, January 1, 1882 – April 30, 1889
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4L212 Ledger, January 1881 – October, 1882
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4L213 Ledger, May 24, 1881 – September 30, 1882
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4L236 Ledger, July 1, 1877 – August 31, 1881
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4L237 Ledger, January, 1882 – December, 1883
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4L238 Journal, September 1, 1881 – December 31, 1888
Ledger, April 25, 1889 – October 31, 1890
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4L239 Checks, 1890
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4L240 Checks, 1890
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4L241 Ledger, January 17 – December 31, 1876
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4L242 Indices, undated
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4L255 Ledger, January 1, 1875 – March 31, 1877

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Stored onsite at SRH

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2.325/AA13d Oversize printed material and newspaper clippings

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