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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Detailed Description of the Papers

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Anson Jones Papers, 1809-1910



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Jones, Anson, 1798-1858
Title: Jones, Anson, Papers
Dates: 1809-1910
Abstract: Correspondence, diaries, speeches, memoranda, calendar of correspondence, scrapbook, official documents, legal documents, day books, account book, and clippings concern the family and career of Anson Jones. Papers relate to Anson Jones’s political career and views, to Mary Jones's family activities and work with organizations, and to C. Anson Jones's career.
Accession No.: 1930; 1934; 63-009; 65-025; 70-110; 2012-257
Extent: 4 ft., 6 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Anson Jones (1798-1858) was a doctor, congressman, diplomatic minister, and President of the Republic of Texas. Son of Solomon and Sarah (Strong) Jones, he was born in Massachusetts and practiced medicine in New York and Pennsylvania. Jones practiced medicine in Venezuela from 1824 to 1826 to raise money for medical school. The next year he returned to Pennsylvannia to earn an M.D. from Jefferson Medical College and became a Freemason. In 1832, he traveled to New Orleans as a commission merchant, moving a year later to Brazoria, Texas. He fought during the Texas Revolution in Robert Calder's company at the Battle of San Jacinto. Jones served as a member of the Second Texas Congress and in 1838 was appointed by President Sam Houston as minister to the United States. After President Mirabeau Lamar recalled Jones, he served as a Texas senator following the death of William H. Wharton. In 1841, President Houston appointed Jones secretary of state, where he helped develop Texas's foreign policy. In 1844, Jones became the fourth and last President of the Republic of Texas. During his term, he actively sought options for independence as well as annexation by the U.S. When Mexico formally recognized Texas as independent, the people were angered that Jones had not solely pursued annexation. The Texas Congress rejected the peace treaty and limited Jones’ official duties. When the U.S. annexed Texas in 1846, he retired to his plantation near Washington-on-the-Brazos and worked on his book, Republic of Texas (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1859).

In 1840, Anson Jones married Mary (Mrs. Hugh) McCrory, née Smith (1819-1907), first President of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, and the couple had four children: Charles Elliot, who died during the Civil War; Samuel Edward, a doctor; Cromwell Anson (1850-1888), a lawyer who controlled most of his father's estate lands; and Sarah Sophia (Sallie) Jones. Sallie married R.G. Ashe, and they had several children, including Willie G., Charles E., and Myra, wife of Clayton Scott.

Sources:

Anson Jones Papers, 1809-1910, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Gambrell, Herbert. "Jones, Anson."Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/JJ/fjo42.html (accessed May 10, 2010).

Himmel, Richard L. "Jones, Mary Smith."Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/JJ/fjo42.html (accessed May 18, 2010).

Mary (Mrs. Anson) Jones Letters, 1866-1882, the University of Houston Libraries' Special Collections.

Archives & Manuscripts, Texas State Library & Archives Commission. "President Anson Jones." Texas State Library & Archives Commission. http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/exhibits/presidents/jones/intro.html (accessed June 15, 2010).

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, diaries, speeches, memoranda, calendar of correspondence, scrapbook, official documents, legal documents, day books, account book, and clippings concern the family and career of Anson Jones. The papers relate to Jones’s political career and views, including annexation, trade relations with England, Independence from Mexico, Jones’s views of Mirabeau B. Lamar and fiscal policy of his administration, his relationship with Samuel Houston, his United States Senate aspirations, the Know Nothing Party, and abolitionism. Subjects also include his founding of the first Masonic Lodge in Texas, family genealogy, and attempts to gain a contract for transcontinental railroad line through Texas.

Mary Jones’s papers cover her family activities, work in the Texas Veterans Association, organization of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, and donations to Texas State Historical Society. Materials also provide insight into C. Anson Jones’s career as a lawyer and land speculator.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Jones, Anson, 1798-1858 -- Archives.
Jones, Anson, family -- Archives.
Jones, Mary Smith McCrory, 1819-1907 -- Archives.
Jones, C. Anson (Cromwell Anson), b. 1850 -- Archives.
Ashe family.
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte, 1798-1859.
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas. President (1844-1847 : Jones)
American Party (Tex.)
Subjects
Slavery -- Texas.
Land speculation -- Texas.
Places
Texas -- Politics and government -- 1836-1846.
Texas -- History -- Revolution, 1835-1836.
Texas -- History -- Republic, 1836-1846.
Texas -- Annexation to the United States.

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Related Material

See also Cromwell Anson Jones Papers; Robert Anderson Irion Papers, 1836-1841; Eberstadt Collection, 1699-1959; Madge Williams Hearne Collection, 1817-1853; Sam Houston Hearne Collection, (1820-1900) 1929; Sam Houston Papers, 1814-1957; and Thomas William Ward Papers, 1825-1885.

See also the Mary (Mrs. Anson) Jones Letters, 1866-1882 at the University of Houston Libraries' Special Collections.

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Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Artifact Collection.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Anson Jones Papers, 1809-1910, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Contact repository for inventory.

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