University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Edward Mandell House Papers, 1896-1938



Descriptive Summary

Creator: House, Edward Mandell
Title: House, Edward Mandell Papers
Dates: 1896-1938
Abstract: Edward Mandell House (1858–1938) was a politician, land and oil speculator, and farmer. Papers of House include political correspondence; personal correspondence including letters, telegrams, and cards of thanks; and a transcript of a radio talk by House.
Accession No.: 2011-212; 91-189; 90-223; 87-298; 85-309; 71-106; 71-105
Extent: 6 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Edward Mandell House (1858–1938) was a politician, land and oil speculator, and farmer who was born in Houston, Texas, and moved to Austin in 1885 to more closely monitor cotton plantations he held there. House served as campaign director for his friend James Stephen Hogg in the tough three-way gubernatorial race of 1892, which Hogg won. House went on to serve as a political counselor and fundraiser for other Texas governors, such as Charles Allen Culberson, Joseph D. Sayers, and Samuel W. T. Lanham.

Weary of Texas politics, House moved on to other prospects, including an attempt to make money from the discovery of oil at the Spindletop oilfield in 1901 and 1902, and the formation of the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway Company. He also began to spend more and more time in New York, severing ties with Texas. The year 1904 marked the end of House’s participation in gubernatorial elections and campaigns.

With a deep-seated desire for national political prestige, House sought Democratic presidential candidates to back and in November of 1911 met and befriended Woodrow Wilson. House used his influence to gain the votes of the Texas delegation for Wilson's candidacy. Upon Wilson's victory House ensured the appointment of several Texans to positions in the cabinet, and became the president's foreign affairs advisor.

World War I began, and House began important European missions for the president, including gaining the approval of Wilson’s Fourteen Points agenda. He was appointed one of the five American commissioners at the Fourteen Points peace conference and served as Wilson's second in command. After Wilson’s 1919 stroke and the resurgence of the Republican Party in the early 1920s, House removed himself from political and public affairs. He died in 1938 in New York City and was buried in Houston.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "House, Edward M.," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HH/fho66.html (accessed May 26, 2010).


Scope and Contents

The Edward Mandell House Papers, 1896-1911, 1913-1938, consist of political correspondence; personal correspondence including letters, telegrams, and cards of thanks; and a transcript of a radio talk by House. In addition, the papers include a 1931 autograph of House on his stationery and newspaper clippings of House's obituaries, 1938.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938--Archives.
Strachey, John St. Loe, 1860-1927
Grasty, Charles Henry, 1863-1924
Hodgson, Richard, 1855-1905
Brown, William Garrott, 1868-1913
Sheppard, Morris, 1875-1941
Holt, Hamilton, 1872-1951
McAdoo, William Gibbs, 1863-1941
Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925
Culberson, Charles A. (Charles Allen), 1855-1925
Hogg, James Stephen, 1851-1906
Lanham, Samuel Willis Tucker, 1846-1908
Morton, Oliver P. (Oliver Perry), 1823-1877
Sayers, Joseph Draper, 1841-1929
Subjects
Politics, Practical--Texas
Obituaries--Texas
Government correspondence
Texas--Politics and government
Political consultants--Texas
Places
New Haven (Conn.)
New York (N.Y.)
Washington (D.C.)
Austin (Tex.)
Houston (Tex.)

Separated Material

Original newspaper clippings have been separated to the Library Unit.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Edward Mandell House Papers, 1896-1938, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2R42 Papers, 1896-1911
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3C155 Correspondence, 1901, 1911, 1913-1938
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3F178 Materials relating to Philip Dru, Administrator