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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Charles F. Passel Antarctic Exploration Collection, 1911-2001



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Passel, Charles F.
Title: Passel, Charles F. Antarctic Exploration Collection
Dates: 1911-2001
Abstract: Correspondence, diaries, journals, photographic material, film, videos, creative works, scrapbooks, maps, charts, reports, minor works of art and artifacts document Charles F. Passel’s participation in Admiral Richard E. Byrd’s Third Antarctic Expedition, 1939–1941; as well as Passel’s later interests and enterprises related to the expedition and other polar exploration.
Accession No.: 99-152; 99-200; 2000-113; 2000-118; 2001-121
Extent: 10 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born in Indianapolis on April 9, 1915, Charles Passel received a bachelors degree in geology from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, in 1938. The opportunity for him and his advisor, Dr. F. Alton Wade, to accompany Admiral Richard Byrd on the Third Antarctic Expedition came as Passel worked on a graduate degree at Miami. The official mission of the expedition was to look for strategic minerals, map the coastline, and explore new areas. From November 1939 through June 1941, Passel, in a group of 33 (out of the total 59) men, traveled to and was stationed at “West Base – Little America,” Antarctica. In addition to geological and meteorological study, Passel’s duties included the supervision of supplies, the operation of a radio, dog driving and a part in the care of 150 sled dogs. Passel’s most notable accomplishments during the expedition were an 87-day side trip to explore and map the Edsel Ford Mountain Range, and his work and study with Major Paul A. Siple in developing a measurement of the effects of subfreezing temperature on the human body. The result of this study, entitled “Measurements of Dry Atmospheric Cooling in Subfreezing Temperatures” was published in 1945 by the American Philosophical Society and is referred to today as the “Wind Chill Factor.”

In 1941, immediately following the expedition, Passel married Alda Sibley. His reports of the expedition findings facilitated his completion of a masters degree from Indiana University in April 1942. He then served in the U.S. Marine Corps and was stationed in the Southwest Pacific. After the war he taught at various universities, worked for Standard Oil and then, in 1948, relocated to Abilene, Texas, to work for Walter Duncan Oil Properties. The Passels and their three daughters continued to live in Texas: first in Abilene, then moving to Ft. Worth to work at Ambassador Oil and then back to Abilene. Passel became an independent geologist in 1963 and permanently settled in Abilene in 1969.

The 1939 Antarctic Expedition fostered Passel’s lifelong interest in Antarctica, polar exploration and meteorology. In 1984, Passel used his expedition diary to write a book entitled An Antarctic Journal that was revised and reprinted in 1995 as Ice.

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, diaries, journals, photographic material, film, videos, creative works, scrapbooks, maps, charts, reports, minor works of art and artifacts document Charles F. Passel’s participation in Admiral Richard E. Byrd’s Third Antarctic Expedition, 1939–1941; as well as Passel’s later interests and enterprises related to the expedition and other polar exploration. The papers are arranged in three series that cover Passel’s studies and activities during the Third Antarctic Expedition, his later study, lecturing and publishing enterprises concerning the expedition and finally, collected information about Antarctica and polar exploration in general.

The first series records the expedition through Passel’s scrapbooks, diary, logs, account of an 87-day side trip to map the Edsel Ford Mountain Range, his correspondence and other materials relating to the expedition (1939–1945). A stuffed Adalie Chinstrap penguin is among the artifacts included in this sub-group.

The second series documents Charles Passel’s work developing the wind chill factor with Paul Siple and his enterprises in lecturing and writing and about his Antarctic experience, in such works as An Antarctic Journal, Ice, and “Measurements of Dry Atmospheric Cooling in Subfreezing Temperatures” (with Siple). This series includes manuscripts, notes, publishing correspondence, clippings and other promotional materials (1939 –1998).

The third series is a collection of publications and clippings about Passel’s fellow explorers and developments in the polar regions of the Earth (1911–1998). The papers contain information about other notable participants in the expedition, including Richard E. Byrd, F. Alton Wade and Charles A. Siple. The papers also relate to the original study of atmospheric cooling measurements that evolved into the widely used “Wind Chill Factor,”.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Access to slides and negatives is restricted. For more information contact Photo Archivist.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Passel, Charles F.--Archives.
Byrd, Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957.
Wade, F. Alton (Franklin Alton), 1903-1978
Subjects (Organizations)
Byrd Antarctic Expedition.
Standard Oil Company.
Subjects
Geology--Antarctica.
Meteorology--Antarctica.
Scientific expeditions--Antarctica.
Wind chill index
Places
Antarctica--Discovery and exploration--American

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Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Artifact Collection.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Charles F. Passel Antarctic Exploration Collection, 1911-2001, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2Q5 Materials from the Antarctic Expedition, 1938-1945 and undated: .
Diary of Charles F. Passel, 1939-1941.
Correspondence, 1938-1941:.
Pre expedition, 1938-1939:.
Communications, received, 1938-1939.
Communications, received, official (arranged by Passel in folded titled "Antarctica"), 1939.
Communications received by Paul Siple, Re: supplies, 1939 and undated.
During expedition, 1939-1941: .
Communications received, official (arranged by Passel in folder titled "Field Logs"), , 1939-1941 and undated.
Communications received, official, 1940 and undated.
Communications received, personal, 1939-1940.
Communications received, personal (arranged by Passel), 1940.
Communications sent (arranged by Passel in folder titled "Expedition Msgs."), 1940-1941.
Communications sent, personal to Alda Sibley, 1941.
Communications sent, personal, to Passel's parents, 1940-1941.
Communications received by Passel's parents and Alda Sibley, not from Passel, 1940-1941.
Letters sent by Passel's parents, not Passel, 1940.
Copies of letters not from Passel or to Passel/Sibley families, undated.
box
3So65.1 Photographs (2)
box
2Q6 Edsel Ford Mountain Geological Party Logs, 1940:.
Logs, 1940:.
Original-Passel, #1-5, Antarctic Sediments #1, 1940.
Photocopies and typescript - Passel, 1940.
Report typescript, Warner, 1940.
box
2.116/OD1223d Map, undated.
box
4th floor West Wall Map of Antarctica
box
2Q7 Materials from journey back to North America, 1941 and undated.
Works of art, letterhead undated.
box
3S231 Painting of penguins, undated.
box
2Q7 Philatelic materials, 1939-1941.
box
4Zc168 Block of stamps, 1934.
box
3T264 RESTRICTED:
Photographic Materials, undated.
Slides undated.
box
3Z281c RESTRICTED:
Negatives, undated.
box
3So65.1 Photographs
box
3S231 Mounted photographs
box
2Q8 Charles F. Passel and Enterprises related to the Expedition, 1939-1998 and undated.
Biographical, 1939-1998 and undated.
General, undated.
Clippings, post expedition, 1941-1996 and undated.
box
3Fo13 Oversize clippings
box
2Q8 Fraternity and alumni publications, 1939-1947 and undated.
Awards and memberships, 1942, 1943, 1992-1998.
Reproduction of medal given to Passel by Congress, undated.
Miscellaneous
Correspondence, 1941-1998.
Letters sent, 1941.
Letters received, official, 1941-1942.
Letters received, personal, 1941.
Letters received, cover letters of paychecks, 1941.
Letters received regarding medal, 1951.
Letters received regarding West Base Personnel, 1961-1962.
Letters sent, 1984-1996 and undated.
Letters received, 1961-1998.
Solicitation, 1973-1991 and undated.
Publications:
Antarctic Journal and Ice, undated.
box
3Fo13 Galleys
box
2Q9 Antarctic Journal, 1st Typing, undated.
Clippings concerning Passel's publications, 1985-1992.
Lecture material: 1987-1998 and undated.
Various, 1992-1998 and undated.
Houston IMAX Theater, 1993.
Clippings concerning Passel's lectures, 1987-1993 and undated.
Wind Chill, 1943-1989 and undated.
Various materials, 1943-1944 and undated.
Publication, "Measurements of Dry…," undated.
A/V Presentation on Wind Chill, 1988.
Clippings, 1981-1987 and undated.
West Texas Weather Reports, 1989.
box
2.116/OD1223d Galley proofs
box
2Q9 Rock Collection, Texas Tech University, 1993.
Transcript of interview, February 13, 2000.
box
2X313 Audiocassette of interview, February 13, 2000.
box
3W100c Videos, 1962-1994 and undated.
box
3W118f Videos, 1962-1994 and undated.
box
2Film/F68 Antarctica I (1 reel) [DVD copy in box 2X7a: dv_00065], 1969.
box
2Q10 Antarctica and Polar regions, 1911-1998:.
Publications, 1928-1998:.
The American Polar Society, 1938-1998.
General Information, 1989.
Subscription, 1941-1947.
"The Polar Times," 1935-1998.
1935-1940
1940-1947
1955-1960
1961-1970
box
2Q11 1971-1980
1981-1998
"Little American Time," 1928-1935.
box
2Q12 "The Antarctic Century Newsletter," 1988-1994.
"Antarctica Society Newsletter," 1984-1985 and undated.
Assorted Publications, 1937-1998 and undated.
Book Lists and Excerpts, 1985-1995 and undated.
Brochures, undated.
Byrd Polar Research Center, undated.
"ECO," 1987-1988.
"Ice Cap News," 1977-1998 and undated.
Travel Information, 1981-1991 and undated.
"002Magazine," March 2001.
Clippings, 1972-1996 and undated: .
Antarctica, 1972-1998:.
Later Expeditions, 1982-1998 and undated.
Geological, 1977-1985 and undated.
Treaties, 1972-1991 and undated.
The Snow Cruiser, 1939, 1985-1992 and undated.
Meteorological, 1988 and undated.
Astronomical, 1983 and undated.
Rachel E. Byrd, 1988-1996 and undated.
Paul A. Siple, 1981-1991 and undated.
F. Alton Wade, undated.
Penguins, 1988-1995.
Icebergs, 1991 and undated.
North Pole, 1989.
box
3Fo13 Maps and Charts, undated.
box
2.166/OD1223d Maps and Charts, undated.
box
2Q12 Previous expeditions, 1911-1934.
Antarctic Memorial Rededication 1996.

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