Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Benjamin Cromwell Franklin Papers, 1805-1915



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell
Title: Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell Papers
Dates: 1805-1915
Abstract: The papers of Benjamin Cromwell Franklin, attorney, judge, legislator, and soldier concern Franklin's duties as a soldier in the Texas Revolution (1836); the first judge in the Republic of Texas; a member of Supreme Court of the Republic; and a representative in the third, fifth, and eighth legislatures. The papers include correspondence, deeds, decrees, land grants, promissory notes, legal papers, memoranda, land surveys, wills, clippings, printed material, plats, and literary productions.
Accession No.: 63-154
Extent: 3 ft., 11 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Benjamin Cromwell Franklin (1805–1873) was a lawyer, legislator, and the first judge in the Republic of Texas. He was educated at Franklin College, Athens, Georgia. Franklin was admitted to the bar in 1827, and moved to Texas in 1835 to fight against Indians and to go to war against Mexico.

Franklin fought in the Texas Revolution, 1836, as a private in Captain Robert J. Calder's company. He also fulfilled a role as victory messenger, traveling to Galveston Island to inform President Burnet of the victory at San Jacinto. As compensation for his services, Franklin received a land grant for 320 acres and became one of the first people to buy land at the site that would become Houston, Texas. Later in 1836, President Sam Houston appointed Franklin judge of the Second (or Brazoria) Judicial District, making Franklin a member of the Supreme Court of the Republic.

In 1839 Franklin resigned and moved to Galveston to practice law. He went on to represent Galveston County in the House of Representatives of the Third, Fifth, and Eighth state legislatures. In 1870, Governor E. J. Davis asked him to serve as commissioner, to revise the laws of Texas, but Franklin declined the offer. Franklin died on December 25, 1873, after a long battle with rheumatism, and was buried in Galveston. Although not certain, it is widely accepted that Franklin County, Texas, was named for Benjamin Cromwell Franklin.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/FF/ffr2.html (accessed May 20, 2010).

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Scope and Contents

The papers of Benjamin Cromwell Franklin, 1805-1915, include correspondence, deeds, decrees, land grants, promissory notes, legal papers, speeches, memoranda, land surveys, wills, clippings, printed material, plats, and literary productions. The papers concern his activities as a soldier in the Texas Revolution (1836); the first judge in the Republic of Texas; a member of Supreme Court of the Republic; and a representative in the third, fifth, and eighth legislatures. Additionally, the papers relate to the development of Texas, transportation, the Gulf and Inter-State Railway of Texas, and the Leftwich Grant. The papers also pertain to the Civil War, Reconstruction, and the time prior to the Civil War, including United States Senate speeches, 1860. Furthermore, the collection contains papers relating to Robert M. Franklin, attorney and judge.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Austin, Stephen F. (Stephen Fuller), 1793-1836
Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870
Clingman, T. L. (Thomas Lanier), 1812-1897
Collinsworth, James, 1806-1838
Dykers, Thomas M.
Franklin, Benjamin Cromwell, 1805-1873--Archives.
Franklin, Robert M.
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863
Lubbock, Francis Richard, 1815-1905
Rusk, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1803-1857
Wilson, James Theodore Dudley, 1820-1902
Subjects (Organizations)
Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives
Texas. Supreme Court.
Texas. Army.
Crescent Lumber Company
Gulf and Inter-State Railway Company--Texas.
Subjects
Military--Texas
Politics--Texas
Judges--Texas
Reconstruction (U. S. history, 1865-1877)
Places
Athens (Ga.)
Macon (Ga.)
Austin (Tex.)
Brazoria (Tex.)
Galveston (Tex.)
Galveston County (Tex.)
Houston (Tex.)
Velasco (Tex.)
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

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Separated Material

Court cases have been separated to the Library Unit.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Benjamin Cromwell Franklin Papers, 1805-1915, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2D157 Papers, 1805-1833, undated
box
2D158 Letters:
1834-1840
box
2D159 1841-1844
box
2D160 1845-1848
box
2D161 1849-1853
box
2D162 1854-1859
box
2D163 1860-1888
box
2D164 1889-1901
box
2D165 1902-1915
Newspaper clippings
Printed material:
Speeches
Legal brief
Printed law
box
2D166 Printed papers
Correspondence, undated
Crescent Lumber Company, personal file, 1904
Scratch books
box
2D167 Papers, undated
List of title made under the contract with state of Coahuila and Texas, including maps and index, 1824-1836
Map of Louisiana, 1835
Memorandum books
Crescent Lumber Company, daily time report, 1904
Envelopes
box
2D168 Memorandum books
Papers, undated

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