Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Samuel Thompson Foster Papers, 1862-1922



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Foster, Samuel Thompson, 1829-1919
Title: Foster, Samuel Thompson, Papers
Dates: 1862-1922
Abstract: The Samuel Thompson Foster Papers, 1862-1922, contain a personal diary (May 1864-June 1865) documenting Foster’s activities as Captain of Company H of the Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry (Dismounted) in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, and South Carolina, as well as his return to Texas.
Accession No.: 87-131
Extent: 2 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Samuel Thompson Foster (1829-1919) grew up in Union District County, South Carolina. He was initiated into the Masons and confirmed in the Baptist Church before immigrating to Hallettsville, Texas, with his family in 1847. He married Mary Ham in 1855 and then moved to Oakville, Texas where he practiced law, worked as a county clerk, and served as Live Oak County chief justice until the Civil War.

Foster joined the Confederate Army as a first lieutenant for Company H, Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry Regiment (dismounted). Foster and his unit transferred to Arkansas Post and fought until the surrender of the garrison. After being held as a prisoner of war at Camp Chase, Ohio for several months, he was exchanged in 1863 and promoted to captain and company commander. Foster served at the battles of Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and in the Atlanta campaign. When the war concluded, Foster was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina, and returned to Oakville.

In the years following the war, Foster served one term as an elected representative to the state government and engaged in the general merchandising business. He was appointed commissioner for the U.S. District Court, Southern District of Texas, serving from the 1850s to his death. He organized Masonic lodges, actively participated in the Baptist Church and was a commander of Santos Benavides Post 637 of the United Confederate Veterans.

Sources:

Abernethy, Francis E. “Dobie, J. Frank.” Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed June 14, 2010. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fdo02.

Miller, Aragorn Storm. “Foster, Samuel Thompson.” Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed June 2, 2010. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffo65.

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Scope and Contents

The Samuel Thompson Foster Papers, 1862-1922, contain a personal diary (May 1864-June 1865) documenting Foster’s activities as Captain of Company H of the Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry (Dismounted) in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, and South Carolina, as well as his return to Texas. Correspondence to his wife chronicles his earlier military activity, and a journal describes his service in Arkansas, his captivity as a prisoner of the war at Chase, Ohio, and his participation in the battle of Missionary Ridge. The collection also includes muster rolls, photographs of Foster and his family, a brief autobiography, and newspaper clippings, including an obituary.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Foster, Samuel Thompson, 1829-1919 -- Archives.
Subjects (Organizations)
Confederate States of America. Army. Cavalry. Twenth-fourth Texas Regiment (Dismounted).
Subjects
Atlanta Campaign, 1864
Missionary Ridge, Battle of, Tenn., 1863.
Places
Camp Chase (Ohio) -- History -- 19th century.
Confederate States of America.
Pine bluff (Ark.) -- History -- 19th century.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Diaries

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Samuel Thompson Foster Papers, 1862-1922, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
3F172 Correspondence:
1862-1863
1864-1867
Diary, May 1864-June 1865
Muster rolls
Photostats of news clippings
Autobiography, 1892
Photograph
Photostats of photographs, ca. 1896

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