Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Thomas Dwyer Papers, 1853-1907



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Dwyer, Thomas
Title: Dwyer, Thomas Papers
Dates: 1853-1907
Abstract: The Thomas Dwyer Papers, 1853-1907, document the mercantile business of Dwyer in Washington and Brenham County as well as the organization of the Dwyer Reading Room and Library Association in 1877.
Extent: 6 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Thomas B. Dwyer (1819-1896) was a merchant and Republican Party leader with business affairs in Brenham and Washington County, Texas. Born in Ireland, Dwyer was orphaned and immigrated to New Brunswick, Canada, at the age of sixteen. In 1845, he settled in Texas, where his brother was a merchant and landowner. Dwyer owned and operated stores in Brazoria, Quintana, and Columbia before moving to Brenham in 1858. During the Civil War, Dwyer operated a commission-merchant business. During Reconstruction, he bought the town’s Exchange Hotel, made extensive real estate investments, reinvested his profits in his mercantile business, extended credit to customers, and made interest-bearing loans with the help of his son Thomas Dwyer Jr. In 1896, Dwyer sold his business interests and retired with assets of about one million dollars.

During the Civil War, Dwyer was a Unionist and supporter of Governor Sam Houston. He became active in Texas Republican politics in the 1880s. A member of the Literary Society of Brenham, Dwyer founded the Dwyer Reading Room and Free Library Association, forerunner of the Brenham Public Library, in 1877. He was also a Catholic, contributing to local Catholic churches and causes.

Source:

Christian, Carole E. “Dwyer, Thomas B.Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed November 8, 2010.

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Scope and Contents

The Thomas Dwyer Papers, 1853-1907, document the mercantile business of Dwyer in Washington and Brenham County as well as the organization of the Dwyer Reading Room and Library Association in 1877. The collection is comprised of financial records, including daily sales record books, financial books, and account books; receipts, checks, and bank statements; a dry goods and grocery ledger; and letterpress books

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Dwyer, Thomas, Sr. (1819-1896)
Dwyer, Thomas, Jr.
Subjects (Organizations)
Dwyer Reading Room and Library Association -- History.
Subjects
Cotton -- Texas -- History
Deeds -- Texas -- History
Land Titles -- Texas -- History
Libraries and Librarians -- Texas -- History
Merchants and Stores -- Texas -- History
Places
Brenham (Tex.)
Colulmbia (Tex.)
Quintana (Tex.)
Brazoria County (Tex.)
Washington County (Tex.)

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Thomas Dwyer Papers, 1853-1907, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s “History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project,” 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

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2D80> Receipt book, 1872-1895
Financial book, 1858-1870
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2D81 Account book, 1869-1877
Tally books
[3]
Account books, 1858-1879
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2D82 Account book, September 1883-September 1884
Dry goods and grocery ledger, 1883-1884
Financial book, 1877-1881
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2D83 Financial book, July 11, 1885-September 1884
Financial book, October 28, 1884-June 1, 1887
Cash journal, May 6, 1884-July 2, 1889
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2D84 Financial book, October 1, 1884-July 28, 1886
Financial book, March 1898-January 4, 1899
Financial book, November 1, 1903-March 30, 1904
Accounts received ledger, January 1, 1902-January 1, 1904
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2D85 LFinancial book, July 1, 1906-September 29, 1907
Letterpress book, August 1874-July 1883
Letterpress book, October 5, 1882-April 9, 1886
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2D6 Letterpress book, May 18 1890-June 20, 1905
Record book - Dwyer Reading Room and Library Association: minutes reports and resolution
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2D87 Account book (fragment), receipts, 1884-1889
Legal documents, 1853-1885
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2D88 Script, checks, receipts, bank statements
Daily sales book, November 1, 1903-January 29, 1905
Daily sales book, April 4, 1905-August 1, 1906
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4L44 Cash accounts book, November 18, 1867-May 5, 1884
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4L45 Daily sales record book, April 19, 1877-June 18, 1880
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4L46 Daily sales record book, July 2, 1886-July 15, 1887
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4L47 Daily sales record book, September 25, 1884-July 11, 1885
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4L48 Daily sales record book, April 1, 1887-February 2, 1884
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4L49 Daily sales record book, July 1, 1880-april 26, 1884
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4L50 Daily sales record book, June 5, 1884-March 10, 1886
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4L51 Daily sales record book, May 2, 1892-September 12, 1895; April 23-September 29, 1897
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4L52 Daily sales record book, May 21, 1888-May 20, 1889
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4L53 Daily sales record book, February 4, 1892-May 20, 1889
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4L54 Daily sales record book, July 16, 1887-May 19, 1889
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4L55 Daily sales record book, July 7, 1890-April 29, 1892
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4L56 Daily sales record book, August 15, 1874-December 15, 1885
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4L57 Daily sales record book, August 4, 1874-Marach 26, 1887
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4L58 Daily sales record book, September 29, 1906-September 9, 1907
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4L59 Letterpress and invoice book, April 6, 1906

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