Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the William Lockhart Clayton Papers, 1947, 1950



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Clayton, William Lockhart
Title: Clayton, William Lockhart Papers
Dates: 1947, 1950
Abstract: Papers concern the career of Clayton (1880-1966), cotton merchant, businessman, and United States assistant secretary of state for economic affairs (1944-1947), and contain photostats of a letter and a memorandum pertaining to his involvement with the Marshall Plan.
Extent: 2 items
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

William Lockhart Clayton (1880–1966) worked in the New York office of the American Cotton Company from 1896 to 1904, eventually becoming assistant general manager. Clayton left the American Cotton Company in 1904 to form Anderson, Clayton and Company, a successful, Oklahoma City-based cotton enterprise. In 1916 the firm moved its headquarters to Houston.

During World War I Clayton served on the Committee of Cotton Distribution of the War Industries Board. In 1940, after resigning from management of his cotton firm, he became deputy to the coordinator of inter-American affairs in Washington, D.C. He went on to work in a number of high-level positions with the Export-Import Bank, the Department of Commerce, and wartime agencies until 1944. For the next three years, Clayton was assistant and then undersecretary of state for economic affairs. This was the position in which capacity he became a key member of the European Recovery Program (the Marshall Plan).

Clayton instituted a fund from which he donated charitably to Johns Hopkins University, Tufts University, the University of Texas, and the Methodist Church. He died in 1966 and was buried in Houston.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Clayton, William Lockhart," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/fcl23.html (accessed May 20, 2010).

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Scope and Contents

The William Lockhart Clayton Papers, 1947, 1950, contain Photostats of a letter and a memorandum pertaining to Clayton's involvement with the Marshall Plan.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Clayton, Will, 1880-1966--Archives.
Subjects
Cotton trade--United States
Marshall Plan
Places
Houston (Tex.)
Washington (D.C.)

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Lockhart Clayton Papers, 1947, 1950, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2C449 Papers, 1947, 1950

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