Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Arrangement and Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Oscar Cromwell Dancy Papers, 1917-1965



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Dancy, Oscar Cromwell
Title: Dancy, Oscar Cromwell Papers
Dates: 1917-1965
Abstract: Oscar Cromwell Dancy (1879-1971) served as county judge of Cameron County from 1921-1932 and 1934-1962. He was an energetic proponent of county water and highway improvements. The collection consists of correspondence, legal and financial records, speeches, political broadsides, newspaper clippings, brochures, magazines and postcards, scrapbooks, maps and photographs.
Accession No.: 67-84; 73-162; 97-345; 99-112
Extent: 9 ft., 6 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Sketch

Oscar Cromwell Dancy (1879-1971) was born and raised in Wilkes County, North Carolina. After receiving his law degree from Southern Normal University in Huntington, Tennessee, he taught in North Carolina and served with the U. S. Aarmy in the Spanish-American War. Upon returning to the United States, Dancy served as mayor of North Wilkesboro, North Carolina. In 1909, Dancy resigned as mayor and moved with his wife to Brownsville, Texas, after she contracted typhoid fever.

Dancy practiced law and served as county judge of Cameron County from 1921 to 1932 and 1934 to 1962. A proponent of county water and highway improvements, he actively encouraged the statewide use of county bond financing and was an ardent supporter of the Democratic Party. His length of position as county judge was longer than any other man’s in the history of the state. The Cameron County courthouse is now housed in the Oscar C. Dancy Building in Brownsville, Texas.

Source:

"Dancy, Oscar Cromwell." Handbook of Texas Online Accessed September 20, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/DD/fda73.html.

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Scope and Contents

The Oscar Cromwell Dancy Papers, 1917-1965, consist of correspondence, legal and financial records, speeches, political broadsides, newspaper clippings, brochures, magazines and postcards, scrapbooks, maps and photographs. These items pertain to Dancy’s career as a county judge as well as to his political positions. Additionally, the collection contains poll tax receipts; legal briefs, including some from before Dancy’s judgeship; speeches concerning the Cameron County road system as well as taxes; and correspondence with many significant residents of Cameron County, Austin, and Washington, D.C.

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Arrangement and Organization

The papers of Oscar Cromwell Dancy are arranged into seven series, as follows:
I. General and correspondence files
II. Personal files
III. Speeches
IV. Legal records
V. Printed material
  • a. Newspaper clippings, booklets, magazines and brochures
  • b. Political broadsides
VI. Scrapbooks
VII. Pictorial files
  • a. Photographs
  • b. Postcards

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Anderson, W. E. (William Eugene), 1946-
Dancy, Arthur
Dancy, Oscar Cromwell, 1879-1971 -- Archives.
Couch, Ed C.
Faulk, Henry
Garner, John Nance, 1868-1967
Jones, Jesse Holman, 1874-1956
Mead, Elwood, 1858-1936
Neff, Pat Morris, 1871-1952
Pease, Charles Henry, 1873–1933
Sexton, Harry
Sheppard, Morris, 1875-1941
Subjects (Organizations)
Democratic Party (Tex.)
Subjects
Bonds--Texas
Broadsides--Texas
County government--Texas--Cameron County
Depressions--1929--Texas
Highways--Texas
Judges--Texas
Politicians--Texas
Poll tax--Texas
Prohibition--Texas
Speeches--Texas
Taxation--Texas
Voting-machines
Water resources development
Places
Cameron County (Tex.)
Rio Grande Valley

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Related Material

See also the Sheppard, Morris Papers, 1894-1953.

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Separated Material

Some material has been separated to the Map Collection.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Oscar Cromwell Dancy Papers, 1917-1965, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by archives staff.

Subsequent revisions were made by Evan Usler, September 2011.

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

Contact repository for more information.

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