A Guide to the David C. Clapp Papers, 1856-1915
David Cappen Clapp (1806-1893), born in Massachusetts, began apprenticing at the age of 16 at the printing office of John Cotton, Jr. He eventually became sole manager of the office in 1831, entered a partnership with John Cotton, Sr., and changed the firm name to D. Clapp Jr. & Co. Clapp took over the business once more in 1834 and thirty years later his oldest son, John Cotton Clapp, joined the partnership, which became David Clapp and Son. Of notoriety in his printing business was the publication of the first weekly medical periodical in the United States, and Clapp had the distinction of being its proprietor and publisher for about fifty years.
Additionally, Clapp served in the 44th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, April to August 1864. He then served as Second Lieutenant of the 8th Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops, which was organized between September 1863 and January 1864 at Camp William Penn, near Philadelphia, and was mustered out in November 1865, after doing duty in Texas as part of the force trying to convince France to pull its troops out of Mexico.
Sources: David C. Clapp Papers, 1856-1915, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.
Acton Memorial Library Civil War Archives. "Forty-Fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (Infantry) Nine Months." Acton Memorial Library. http://www.actonmemoriallibrary.org/civilwar/Regiments/Mass/44MVI.htm (accessed June 17, 2010).
Battle of Olustee or Ocean Pond--Florida. "Eighth United States Colored Troops." Florida Department of Environmental Protection--Recreation and Parks, Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park Citizens Support Organization, University of Florida--Thomas R. Fasulo. http://battleofolustee.org/8th_usct.html (accessed June 17, 2010).
The David C. Clapp Papers, 1856-1915, consist of correspondence, journal, commissions, biographical sketch, programs, and photographs about Clapp's service in the Union Army during the Civil War and short periods of time prior to and after the war.
The papers concern Clapp's voyage to Cronstadt, Russia, in 1862, conditions along the Texas-Mexican border, and relations among the Mexican, French, and American troops. The letters give descriptions of the conditions of areas in which Clapp was stationed and concern personal items, reactions to wartime conditions, and references to the economic situation and to war time Boston. Subjects include Clapp’s commissions and assignments, some business and personal activities prior to the Civil War, his affiliation with the Grand Army of the Republic, information on pensions for veterans, and other activities after the war.
The collection is open for research.
David C. Clapp Papers, 1856-1915, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers