Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Texas Speakers Oral History Collection, 1992, 2004-2006



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Texas Speakers Oral History Project
Title: Texas Speakers Oral History Collection
Dates: 1992, 2004-2006
Abstract: In November 2003, in cooperation with Speaker Tom Craddick and his wife Mrs. Nadine Craddick, the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin launched "A Speaker from Its Own Members: A Project Documenting the History of the Speakers of the Texas House of Representatives." From its inception to April 2005, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History historians Dr. Patrick Cox and Dr. Michael Phillips have interviewed Speaker Craddick and nine former Texas House speakers.
Accession No.: 2004-131; 2004-163; 2004-176; 2004-177; 2004-188; 2004-204; 2004-213; 2006-096; 2006-132: 2010-081; 2010-094
Extent: 1 ft.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

In November 2003, in cooperation with Speaker Tom Craddick and his wife Mrs. Nadine Craddick, the Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin launched "A Speaker from Its Own Members: A Project Documenting the History of the Speakers of the Texas House of Representatives." From its inception to April 2005, Center for American History historians Dr. Patrick Cox and Dr. Michael Phillips have interviewed Speaker Craddick and nine former Texas House speakers.

The speaker of the Texas House, along with the governor and the lieutenant governor, ranks among the three most powerful officeholders in Texas politics, yet speakers have enjoyed relatively limited visibility. Few Texans are fully aware of the office's significance. As documented in these interviews, the powers of Texas House speakers expanded greatly following the expansion of the Texas economy in the aftermath of World War II. In this time, speakers began to shape the state’s budget, its tax policies and the quality of Texas public schools and universities.

The era covered by the project, beginning in 1951, marks a particularly dramatic time in Texas history. In this period, speakers reacted to the Brown v. Board of Education decision and the subsequent desegregation of Texas public schools. Speakers responded to the rise of the space industry and other modern technologies that transformed the economy of Texas. Speakers dealt with the state's explosive population growth following World War II even as they coped with a more complex economy and a rising demand for government services in education, transportation and health care.

Speakers rose and fell with the rising fortunes of conservative and liberal factions within the Texas Democratic Party and with the ascendancy of the state Republican Party, culminating in the GOP's eventual capture of the state government in the 2000 elections. They also struggled with the Sharpstown political scandal, subsequent attempts to limit the power of the speaker's office, the failed effort to rewrite the state Constitution in the 1970s, and the dramatic growth in the power and influence of the Speaker in the modern era. Readers and researchers will learn not only how modern Texas was created in the mid-twentieth century, but also the motives, reactions, celebrations, regrets and fears of those most involved in the state’s tumultuous political upheavals in the last half century.

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Scope and Contents

The collection contains interviews, cassette tapes and transcripts, with Reuben Senterfitt, Jim T. Lindsey, James "Jimmy" Turman, Ben Barnes, Gus Mutscher, Rayford Price, Bill Clayton, Gibson D. "Gib" Lewis, and Pete Laney. In addition, Nadine Craddick, wife of Tom Craddick, as well as Pat Senterfitt, Joanie Turman and Nelda Laney were interviewed for this series. Additional interviews include Jan Tunnell, wife of the late former House Speaker Byron Tunnell, and Dr. David Carr, son of the later former House Speaker and state Attorney General Waggoner Carr, as part of this series. Further interviews were conducted with Bo Byers, Sam Kinch, Jr., Dave McNeely, and John Moritz, veterans of the Capitol press corps. Alice Turley and Doug Young of the State Preservation Board were interviewed regarding the history of the speaker's official residence in the Capitol and preservation efforts at the Capitol since a devastating fire there in 1983. Furthermore, the collection contains additional material, such as news clippings and printed materials. Interview transcripts not yet available are marked on the inventory.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Barnes, Ben.
Carr, Waggoner.
Craddick, Tom.
Mutscher, Gus.
Tunnell, Byron.
Subjects
Oral History.
Places
Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives--Speakers--History.
Texas. State Preservation Board.

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Related Material

More information concerning the Texas House Speakers Oral History Project

Bibliography of General Resources concerning Texas House Speakers

Index to Texas House Speakers Biographies and Resources

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Texas Speakers Oral History Collection, 1992, 2004-2006, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2.325/E458a Cassette Tapes:
Speaker Reuben Senterfitt, March 8 2004
(3 tapes)
Speaker Jim T. Lindsey, April 16, 2004
(2 tapes)
Dr. David Carr, Son of Speaker Waggoner Carr, August 7, 2004
(1 tape)
Speaker James A. "Jimmy" Turman, March 23, 2004
(5 tapes)
Mrs. Jan Tunnell, Wife of Speaker Byron Tunnell, March 14, 2004
(1 tape)
Lt. Gov. Ben Barnes, September 27, 2004
(2 tapes)
Speaker Gus F. Mutscher, November 9, 2004
(2 tapes)
Speaker William Rayford Price, April 22, 2004
(2 tapes)
Judge Bill Bass, Political Supporter of Speaker Marion Price Daniel, Jr., Jr., June 4, 2004
(2 tapes)
Speaker Bill Clayton, April 16, 2004
(2 tapes)
Speaker Gibson D. "Gib" and Debbie Mitchess Lewis, June 8, 2004
(2 tapes)
Speaker James E. "Pete" Laney, February 15, 2005
(2 tapes)
Speaker Thomas Craddick and Mrs. Nadine Craddick, February 2, 2005
(1 tape)
Virginia Carter, sister of Speaker Waggoner Carr November 24, 2004
(2 tapes)
[Transcript not yet available] John Moritz, March 15, 2006
(2 tapes)
Sam Kinch, August 19, 2004
(2 tapes)
[Transcript not yet available] Bo Byers, September 29, 2006
(1 tape)
[Transcript not yet available] Bill Hartman, friend of Speaker Marion Price Daniel, Jr., September 2, 2004
(1 tape)
[Transcript not yet available] Nelda Laney, August 25, 2005
(1 tape)
[Transcript not yet available] Ali Turly and Doug Young, October 7, 2004
(1 tape)
Videocassettes:
Speaker Reuben Senterfitt Interview, 1992
box
2.325/F76 Transcripts:
Sam Kinch, August 19, 2004
Speaker Reuben Senterfitt, March 8, 2004
Speaker Jim T. Lindsey, April 16, 2004
Dr. David Carr, Son of Speaker Waggoner Carr, August 7, 2004
Speaker James A. "Jimmy" Turman, March 23, 2004
Mrs. Jan Tunnell, Wife of Speaker Byron Tunnell, March 14, 2004
Lt. Gov. Ben Barnes, September 27, 2004
Speaker Gus F. Mutscher, November 9, 2004
Speaker William Rayford Price, April 22, 2004
(3 copies)
Judge Bill Bass, Political Supporter of Speaker Marion Price Daniel, Jr., Jr., June 4, 2004
Speaker Bill Clayton, April 16, 2004
Speaker Gibson D. "Gib" and Debbie Mitchess, June 8, 2004
Speaker James E. "Pete" Laney, February 15, 2005
Speaker Thomas Craddick and Mrs. Nadine Craddick, February 2, 2005
Virginia Carr Carter, Sister of Speaker Waggoner Carr, November 24, 2004
Clippings and additional material:
Newspaper Clippings
Senterfitt Addition
Turman Addition
Lindsey Addition
Carr Addition
Calvert Addition
Laney Clippings
Speaker apartment furniture
box
3T83 Black and white photo-prints used in the book The House Will Come to Order, by Patrick Cox and Michael Phillips

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