University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Slavery and Abolition Papers, 1814-1866



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Slavery and Abolition
Title: Slavery and Abolition Papers
Dates: 1814-1866
Abstract: This collection contains documents about slaves and their abolition in Texas.
Accession No.: 2009-266
Extent: 1/2 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Slavery in the United States began with the first English colonization at Jamestown and legally continued until ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution in 1865, following the end of the Civil War. In Texas, slavery as an important institution came in 1821 as part of Stephen F. Austin’s colony (although low numbers of slaves had been part of Spanish Texas beforehand). Mexico outlawed in 1823 the purchase or sale of slaves and abolished slavery in Texas in 1830. After the revolution, Texas’ slave population was about 5,000, which increased to 30,000 at the time of statehood. By 1860, slaves were 30% of the total Texas population. During the Civil War, Texas seceded and slaveholders fled to Texas as their states became occupied by Union soldiers, which increased the population to 250,000 slaves. News of Lee’s surrender and of emancipation finally came to Texas on June 19, 1965, and this day is still celebrated as Juneteenth.

Sources:



Scope and Contents

This collection contains documents about slaves and their abolition in Texas.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use.


Index Terms

Subjects
Slavery -- United States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Slavery -- Texas -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Slavery, abolition, and emancipation.
Places
Texas -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.

Related Material

See also Slavery Scrapbook, 1909-1935


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Slavery and Abolition Papers, 1814-1866, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Revised by Laurel Rozema, October 2009.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2G218 Letters, 1835
Contracts
Bills of sale, 1841
Statement
Payroll
Schedule of separate property (i.e. three slaves) for Catherine N. Petree by Thomas J. Hays of Smith County, TX, May 9, 1855