University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Kelts C. Baker Papers, 1927-1935

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Baker, Kelts C.
Title: Kelts C. Baker Papers
Dates: 1927-1935
Abstract: Kelts C. Baker was President and Executive of the United North and South Oil Company and directed the development of the Luling Oil Fields beginning in 1919.
Accession No.: 4 in.
Extent: 66-101
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History,The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Kelts C. Baker was President and Executive of the United North and South Oil Company and directed the development of the Luling Oil Fields beginning in 1919. Baker was born in New York State. After completing school he moved to Pennsylvania to begin work in oil fields. He also worked in the automotive industry and for the United Rubber Company under Edgar Davis. He followed Davis into the oil business, moving to Luling, Texas to pursue this interest. When the Magnolia Petroleum Company purchased United North and South in 1927, Baker was retained as president.

Source: Davis, Ellis Arthur, and Edwin H. Grobe. 1929. The New Encyclopedia of Texas. Dallas, Tex: Texas Development Bureau.

Scope and Contents

Collection consists of material relating to the oil business and oil fields in which Texas oilman Baker was interested and some notes on gold mining in Mexico and elsewhere. Included are Baker's indexes to information concerning materials and equipment as well as copies of related publications and advertisements; forms for oil, gas, and mineral leases and deeds and instructions for drawing them up; information about active fields (1935) and logs of individual wells; and maps of many oil fields in Texas and elsewhere. In addition the papers contain a series of etchings of oil-related subjects by Bernhardt Wall dedicated to Baker.


Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Ames, Edward W.
Baker, Kelts C.--Archives.
Brower, J. H.
Cooper, Fred E.
Davis, Thornton
Johnson, Carl E.
Nash, Hannah
Smith, J. W.
Wall, Bernhardt, 1872-
Gold and gold mining--Mexico.
Oil fields--Texas.
Harris County (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Luling (Tex.)

Separated Material

Publications from Baker related to petroleum and mining have been separated to the Texas History Collection, TXC 289. Baker’s maps of oil fields in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, New Mexico and Kansas were separated to the Map Collection.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Kelts C. Baker Papers, 1927-1935, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Description of the Papers



3G409 Letters, 1928-1935
Oil well logs, undated
Oil, gas and mineral contract information:
“A Practical Handbook on Oil-Lease Contracts”
(annotated typescript)
Blank forms, undated
Promotional material:
Miscellaneous advertisements and information, [Click for images] 1931-1925 and undated
The Electric Dehydrator, 1933-1935
Field reference books, 1933-34 and undated


Etchings by Bernard Wall, 1927-1928:

3T234 Still life
Portrait [of Bernard Wall?]
Luling scene with house and tree
Luling oil well scene
Title page of book: An Oil Field: Luling, Texas, Bernard Wall, Etcher-Publisher, Lime Rock, Conn., 1928
“An Oil Field Edition—100 Copies”
(copy number sheet)
Luling’s first oil well