A Guide to the Charles S. DeMontel Papers, 1852-1863
Charles S. DeMontel (1812-1882) was born in Königsberg, Prussia, and emigrated to Texas in 1837. He met Henri Castro and joined his employ as an aide, guide, and land surveyor in 1839, and he led colonists from Indianola to the Castro land grant in 1844. DeMontel commanded a company of Texas Rangers in 1848 who camped at the site that was later called Fort Lincoln. In the 1850s, in partnership with John Hunter Herndon and John James, DeMontel acquired land, plotted a townsite, and sponsored Polish settlers in what became the town of Bandera. He became the first Medina County clerk and was the Medina County delegate to the Texas Secession Convention in 1861. During the Civil War, DeMontel served as provost marshal of Bandera and Medina counties, captain of a Confederate cavalry company, and commander of the Confederate steamer Texas.
Papers relate to commerce and military affairs in the career of DeMontel, his relationship with John James and John Hunter Herndon, and his surveying of Fort Lincoln, Texas. Included are letters, military orders, a map of Fort Lincoln made in 1856, and photostats of two partnership agreements.
Charles S. DeMontel Papers, 1852-1863, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Detailed Description of the Papers