University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Joseph Henry Barnard Papers, 1836-1860, 1949-1982

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Barnard, Joseph Henry
Title: Joseph Henry Barnard Papers
Dates: 1836-1860, 1949-1982
Abstract: Papers of Barnard (1804-1861), a surgeon who served with Col. James W. Fannin during the Texas Revolution in 1836, include Barnard's annotated list of men under the command of Fannin at Goliad. Barnard was captured with Fannin’s forces, but his life was spared so he could treat wounded Mexicans. Also included is Barnard’s signed list of 66 voters together with the vote tally for the 1837 election held at San Felipe de Austin for the purpose of selecting Austin County’s representative to the Congress of the Republic. An 1844 list of members of the Eighth Congress of the Republic of Texas (1843-1844)relates to Barnard’s term as a representative for Fort Bend County, and a ledger concerns his ranching activities in Goliad County. Printed material relates to Barnard, his family, and the history of Goliad.
Accession No.: AR 82-99; 88-348
Extent: 1/2 inch
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History,The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born in Deerfield, Massachusetts, Joseph Henry Barnard (1804-1861) practiced medicine in Chicago and Canada before moving to Texas in 1835. In Texas, Barnard enlisted in the Texas Army as private, serving with the Red Rovers. He served as surgeon to James W. Fannin's command and was captured at Goliad with Fannin's forces on March 20, 1836. His life was spared from the Goliad Massacre so that he might treat the wounded Mexicans at Goliad and San Antonio. Following his release in June 1836, he continued to serve in the Texas Army until October of that same year. He moved to Fort Bend County in 1837, was county clerk (1838-1839), and represented the county in the Eighth Congress of the House of Representatives (1843-1844)(. He married Nancy Maria Handy in 1838 and had three children. Dr. Barnard moved to Goliad County where he ranched and practiced medicine until 1860, when he went on a visit to Canada, where he died in 1861.

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of manuscripts, typescripts, and printed material including correspondence, a ledger, a certificate, and lists. Included in this collection is Barnard's list of the men under the command of Col. Fannin at Goliad. Barnard includes notations with each name as to the fate of these men, whether killed, escaped, or spared by the Mexicans. One letter, dated 1859, relates elections results in Karnes County. The printed material relates to Barnard, his family, and the history of Goliad. The ledger contains financial information particularly relating to cattle, cattle prices, branding, and hog farming.


Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Index Terms

Barnard, Joseph Henry.
Fannin, James Walker, Jr.
Fort Bend County.
Karnes County.
Brands and branding.
Cattle and cattle industry.
Elections, Congressional—Republic of Texas.
Goliad Massacre.
Republic of Texas—Army.
Republic of Texas—Congress.
Texas Revolution.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Joseph Henry Barnard Papers, 1836-1860, 1949-1982, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Detailed Description of the Papers



3P192 “List of men under the command of Col. J. W. Fannin at Goliad in March 1836” manuscript, c. 1836
“List of voters names taken at the election held at San Felipe de Austin on the fourth day of September, 1837…”, 1837
Correspondence, 1836, 1859
Texas members and officers of House of Representatives of Eight Congress list, 1844
Miscellaneous printed material, 1949-1982, undated
3S126 Certificate of “Public Debt of the late Republic of Texas,” 1851
Ledger, 1838-1860
3S41 Photograph, 1860