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A Guide to the Francisco Amangual Diary, 1808
Francisco Amangual, soldier, was born on Majorca about 1739. He entered the Spanish army in 1762 and served two years in the Batavian Regiment of Dragoons and fourteen years in the Spanish Regiment of Dragoons. After distinguishing himself in a cavalry company in the Sonora expedition of 1767-71, he was stationed at San Antonio de Béxar Presidio, Texas, where he became paymaster in 1784. Between March 30 and December 23, 1808, he led an expedition of 200 men from San Antonio to Santa Fe, through the Comanche country, and back by way of El Paso. After his return he retired with the rank of captain. He was married three times. He died on May 19, 1812.
Two English translations by Mattie Austin Hatcher (1934) and J. Villasano Haggard (1939) of Amangual's diary of his expedition in 1808 from San Antonio to Santa Fe and his return to San Antonio by way of San Elizario. Original in the Bexar Archives.
Francisco Amangual Diary, 1808, Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.