University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Ann (Hodges) Robinson Reminiscences, 1941-1945.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Robinson, Ann (Hodges)
Title: Ann (Hodges) Robinson Reminiscences
Dates: 1941-1945
Abstract: Typescript autobiography describing the Robinsons' escape from the Japanese army during the conquest of the Philippines.
Accession No.: 85-274
Extent: 3 in.
Laguage: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History,The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Ann Hodges of Dallas, Texas married University of Texas football player William Doniphan (“Mogul”) Robinson around 1910. They subsequently emigrated to the Philippines, where they operated a copra plantation on Basilan island, across the Basilan Strait from the town of Zamboanga on Mindanao. In early 1942 the Robinsons abandoned their plantation as the Imperial Japanese Navy conquered the Philippine islands. From 1942 until early 1945 they lived in hiding from the Japanese occupation, changing their location several times between the settlements of Tungawan and Payat, in the forested hills of the Zamboanga peninsula. During this time, Ann Robinson began writing the story of their experiences on the unused blank parts of plantation records. In 1945 they reoccupied their plantation as American forces liberated the islands. Ann Robinson later returned to her family in Dallas, where she produced the typescript of her reminiscences.

Scope and Contents

A five hundred and seven page typescript narrates the Robinsons’ flight from their Basilan plantation to the upland forest in advance of Japanese forces, their subsequent travels to various small communities and hideouts, and their return home in 1945. The well-written narrative, in three parts, includes descriptions of life among the Yakan people of Basilan and the Zamboanga area, of the capture, occupation and liberation of Zamboanga City, the character of the Japanese soldiers and of Japanese settlers on the islands, the progress of the war, food and clothing, life in the forest and the history of the region. The second and third parts of the narrative include accounts of guerrilla bands operating in the area, led by unsurrendered American soldiers such as Frank McCarthy and Major Santillan, as well as the experiences of Filipino resistors such as Corporal Barredo, who fought in northern Mindanao. Collaborators, spies, smugglers, gamblers, Filipino and Yakan farmers, rural doctors and dentists, American and Filipino soldiers, and many others are described.

Archivist’s Note: William D. Robinson is “Don Robinson of the Philippine Islands,” the author of Two Letters to Edward Crane Written from Zamboanga, P.I., January 8th and August 25th, 1945, in the rare books collection, Center for American History.


Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use

Index Terms

Robinson, Don, of the Philippine Islands.
Robinson, William Doniphan
Robinson, Ann Hodges
Basilan Island (Philippines)
Mindanao Island (Philippines)
Korean War, 1950-1953--Personal narratives, American
Zamboanga City (Philippines)
Zamboanga Peninsula (Mindanao Island, Philippines)
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
World War, 1939-1945--Philippines
World War, 1939-1945--Philippines Personal narratives, American
Yakan (Philippine people)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Ann (Hodges) Robinson Reminiscences, the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, the University of Texas at Austin.

Detailed Description of the Papers



2.325/C62 Reminiscences of Ann Hodges Robinson, 1941-1945