Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Photocopy One

Photocopy Two

Color Photocopy

Originals [RESTRICTED]

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the José Enrique de la Peña Collection, 1835-1840, 1857



Descriptive Summary

Creator Peña, José Enrique de la
Title José Enrique de la Peña Collection
Dates: 1835-1840, 1857
Extent 1 ft., 3 in.
Language Materials are in Spanish and English.
Repository Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Mexican Army officer Lt. Col. Jose Enrique de la Peña (approximately 1805-1841) served under General Antonio López Santa Anna during the 1836 campaign in Texas. As an anti-Santa Anna agitator and an outspoken opponent of the Mexican centrist government, Lt. Col. Peña found himself in a series of Mexican prisons beginning in 1838. He disappears from the historical record after the publication of his pamphlet “A Victim of Despotism” in 1839. He is believed to have died in 1841 or 1842.

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Scope and Contents

The bulk of the collection consists of Peña’s personal papers that provide an eyewitness account of the Mexican army’s campaign to suppress the Texas Revolution. The personal papers, or narrative, fall into two sections: a field diary (109 pages) and an extended memoir (400 pages) based upon the diary. Peña wrote the memoir by verifying happenings he recorded in his field diary and by adding information based upon his fellow officer’s reports.

The Peña account provides a look at the maneuverings of the Mexican Army in Texas, descriptions of disputes between Santa Anna and his officers, a recounting of the Battle of San Jacinto, and a version of Col. James Fannin’s execution at Goliad. Additionally, a detailed description of the Battle of the Alamo includes a report that Mexican soldiers captured David Crockett after the battle ended and executed him on Santa Anna’s orders.

Also in the collection are Mexican military records from the Texas Revolution including an itinerary of the Battalion of San Luis, an official list of Mexican army commanders and officers taken prisoner at San Jacinto, a commentary on General Filisola’s narrative of the Texas campaign, and correspondence received by Peña.

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Restrictions

Use Restrictions

Access to the original narrative is restricted. Photocopies are available for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Bowie, James, d. 1836.
Crockett, Davy, 1786-1836--Death and burial.
Fannin, James Walker, 1804?-1836.
Filisola, Vicente.
Pena, Jose Enrique de la, 1807-1841 or 2--Diaries.
Pena, Jose Enrique de la, 1807-1841 or 2--Resena y diario de la campana de Texas.
Santa Anna, Antonio Lopez de, 1794?-1876.
Travis, William Barrett, 1809-1836.
Subjects
Generals--Mexico.
Mexico. Ejército.
San Jacinto, Battle of, 1836.
Texas. Army.
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836--Campaigns.
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836--Personal narratives, Mexican.
Subjects (Places)
Alamo (San Antonio, Tex.)--Siege, 1836--Personal narratives, Mexican.
Goliad (Tex.)--Massacre, 1836.

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Related Material

Published English translation: Peña, José Enrique de la. With Santa Anna in Texas: A Personal Narrative of the Revolution. Translated and edited by Carmen Perry. College Station: Texas A&M Press, 1997.

On-line exhibit of related materials: "To Whom Was This Sacrifice Useful?": The Texas Revolution and the Narrative of José Enrique de la Peña

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Administrative Information

Cite as

José Enrique de la Peña Collection, 1835-1840, 1857, Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Photocopy One

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2J146
José Enrique de la Peña narrative, 1836
Military records
Lt. Col. Nicolás de la Portilla note on Texas campaign, March 18, 1836 (Copia de un apunte suelto de la Campaña de Tejas, que principia en 18 de Mazo de 1836, y no se trasladó al diario general por haberse estrabiado)
Itinerary of Battalion of San Luis (Potosí) on Texas campaign, begins November 1835 (Batallón activo de San Luís, 1a división de operaciones sobre Texas: Itinerario de las jornadas que ha hecho…desde…San Luís Potosí…17 de Noviembre de 1835)
Official list of Mexican army commanders and officers taken prisoner at San Jacinto, April 21, 1836 (Relación de los gefes y oficiales que cayeron prisioneros en la acción de San Jacinto)
Summary of actions against Texas rebels by division of General Urrea, beginning 25 February (1836) (Extracto de las acciones que sufrieron los sublevados de Tejas, por la división del Sr. General Don José Urrea)
Commentary on General Filisola’s narrative of Texas campaign, undated (Contradicciones en cuanto a lo que escribó y dijo el Sr. Filisola)
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2.325/D32a Roster, armaments, munitions, and uniforms of the Mexican Army of Operations, Matamoros, June 30-July 1, 1836 (Ejercito de Operaciones)
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2J146 Correspondence
2 letters to José Enrique de la Peña, 1840
Miscellaneous documents, 1836, 1857, and undated

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Photocopy Two

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2J147 José Enrique de la Peña narrative, 1836
Military records
Lt. Col. Nicolás de la Portilla note on Texas campaign, March 18, 1836 (Copia de un apunte suelto de la Campaña de Tejas, que principia en 18 de Mazo de 1836, y no se trasladó al diario general por haberse estrabiado)
Itinerary of Battalion of San Luis (Potosí) on Texas campaign, begins November 1835 (Batallón activo de San Luís, 1a división de operaciones sobre Texas: Itinerario de las jornadas que ha hecho…desde…San Luís Potosí…17 de Noviembre de 1835)
Official list of Mexican army commanders and officers taken prisoner at San Jacinto, April 21, 1836 (Relación de los gefes y oficiales que cayeron prisioneros en la acción de San Jacinto)
Summary of actions against Texas rebels by division of General Urrea, beginning 25 February (1836) (Extracto de las acciones que sufrieron los sublevados de Tejas, por la división del Sr. General Don José Urrea)
Commentary on General Filisola’s narrative of Texas campaign, undated (Contradicciones en cuanto a lo que escribó y dijo el Sr. Filisola)
box
2.325/D41a Roster, armaments, munitions, and uniforms of the Mexican Army of Operations, Matamoros, June 30-July 1, 1836 (Ejercito de Operaciones)
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2J147 Correspondence
2 letters to José Enrique de la Peña, 1840
Miscellaneous documents, 1836, 1857, and undated

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Color Photocopy

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2J56 José Enrique de la Peña narrative, 1836

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Originals [RESTRICTED]

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3W22 Military records
Lt. Col. Nicolás de la Portilla note on Texas campaign, March 18, 1836 (Copia de un apunte suelto de la Campaña de Tejas, que principia en 18 de Mazo de 1836, y no se trasladó al diario general por haberse estrabiado)
Itinerary of Battalion of San Luis (Potosí) on Texas campaign, begins November 1835 (Batallón activo de San Luís, 1a división de operaciones sobre Texas: Itinerario de las jornadas que ha hecho…desde…San Luís Potosí…17 de Noviembre de 1835)
Official list of Mexican army commanders and officers taken prisoner at San Jacinto, April 21, 1836 (Relación de los gefes y oficiales que cayeron prisioneros en la acción de San Jacinto)
Summary of actions against Texas rebels by division of General Urrea, beginning 25 February (1836) (Extracto de las acciones que sufrieron los sublevados de Tejas, por la división del Sr. General Don José Urrea)
Commentary on General Filisola’s narrative of Texas campaign, undated (Contradicciones en cuanto a lo que escribó y dijo el Sr. Filisola)
Roster, armaments, munitions, and uniforms of the Mexican Army of Operations, Matamoros, June 30-July 1, 1836 (Ejercito de Operaciones)
Correspondence
2 letters to José Enrique de la Peña, 1840
Miscellaneous documents, 1836, 1857, and undated

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