Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Scope and Contents

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Ashbel Smith Papers



Descriptive Summary

Creators Smith, Ashbel.
Title: Ashbel Smith Papers,
Dates: 1823-1926.
Abstract Papers of Ashbel Smith, physician, statesman, and educator.
Accession No.: 1920; 63-136; 64-133; 70-119; 72-134; 93-035; 2005-213; 2008-253; 2012-290
Extent 10 ft., 9 in.
Laguage Materials are written in English.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

A native of Hartford, Connecticut, Ashbel Smith was born on August 13, 1805. His formal education included bachelors and masters degrees from Yale University, as well as an M.D. from the same university in 1828. Smith continued his education in Paris before settling down to establish a practice in Salisbury, North Carolina. By 1836 he moved to Texas and quickly became a close acquaintance of Sam Houston, earning the post of Surgeon General with the Republic of Texas army.

Houston also employed Smith as an aide in Texas' relations with England, France, Mexico, and other foreign powers. In the 1840s Smith worked to have Texas recognized by Mexico as an independent nation, a position that proved unpopular with Texans seeking annexation with the United States. Nonetheless, after Texas finally joined the United States he served three terms in the Texas state legislature. He fought in the Mexican War of 1846 and was a Confederate officer during the Civil War, suffering a wound to his arm at Shiloh.

Smith never abandoned his vocation as a doctor and was instrumental in treating those afflicted by yellow fever in Galveston in 1839 and went on to write a respected work on the epidemic. He helped to found the Texas Medical Association and served as the organization's president in the early 1880s. Smith also fought for public education in Texas and late in life worked to establish the University of Texas, which was founded in 1883. He served on the University of Texas Board of Regents and worked to attract top instructors from around the United States. Ashbel Smith died January 21, 1886.

Source:

Elizabeth Silverthrone. "Smith, Ashbel." Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed October 30, 2012. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsm04

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents

Papers include correspondence, letter books, speeches, publications, official records, clippings, and photographs documenting Smith's long career in medicine, diplomacy, business, and public and higher education.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Borden, Gail, 1801-1874.
Smith, Ashbel, 1805-1886--Archives.
Subjects
Texas. Legislature--History--Sources.
Texas. Secretary of State--History--Sources.
University of Texas. Board of Regents--History--Sources.
Medicine--Texas--History--19th century--Sources.
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846--Sources.

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

For additional manuscript material, see also:

Texas Authors Manuscript Collection

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Ashbel Smith Papers, 1823-1926, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

Correspondence:
box
2G219 1823-1835
box
2.325/T63b 1826
box
2G220 1836-1838
box
2B37 1839
box
2G221 1840-1842
box
2G222 1843-1847
box
2G223 1848-1854, January-June, 1855
box
2G224 July-December, 1855, 1856-1864
box
2G225 1865-1875, January-June, 1876
box
2G226 July-December, 1876, 1877,1878,January-March, 1879
box
2G227 April-December, 1879, 1880,1881,January-April, 1882
box
2G228 May-December, 1882, 1883,January-June, 1884
box
4A227a photocopies May, 1883 - June, 1884,
box
2G229 Undated letters and fragments July-December, 1884, 1885,August-October, 1889,1904-1926,
box
2G230 Undated letters and fragments
Letter books to Henry Barnard, 1831-1838
Letter books, business, May-December, 1838
January-September, 1839
September, 1839 - May, 1840
Business, June-December, 1840
March-July, 1842
Letter press:
box
2G231 July-November, 1842
November, 1842 - September, 1843
November, 1842 - July, 1844
October, 1843 - November, 1844
Letter book, December, 1844 - August, 1845
Letter press:
box
2G232 October, 1843 - March, 1845
August, 1844 - September, 1847
August, 1845 - May, 1846
November, 1847 - July, 1851
Letter books:
box
2G232 October, 1863 - February, 1865
March - June, 1865
August, 1867 - February, 1874
box
2G233 February, 1874 - September, 1875
December, 1876-1882
box
2G234 Journal, 1832-1857
Weather diary of Houston and Galveston, 1838-1839
Genealogical notes and biographical sketches
Note books
Legal papers:
box
2G235 Contracts
Certificates
Affidavits
Appointments
Powers of Attorney
Permissions and oaths
Miscellaneous
Business papers:
box
2G235 Bills of sale
Receipts
Invoices
Medical sales ledger
Evergreen plantation purchase ledger
Military order books
Military order books:
box
2G236 December 1863
February 1864
Military orders and reports
Treaties
Resolutions, bills, and acts
Notes on Texas:
box
2G236 History
Agriculture
Industry
Foreign affairs
box
2G237 Speeches
Published works and essays
Clippings
Printed material
box
2G238 Miscellaneous
box
2R179 Papers:
Letter book one
Letter book two
box
2R179 Letter press, May 6-December 29, 1838
box
2R180 Letter book:
June 8-September 26, 1839
September 28, 1839-may 22, 1840
June 24-December 20, 1840
Letters of Ashbel Smith to Sam Houston
Papers:
box
2R181 1830-June, 1833
box
2R182 August-December, 1838
Undated letters
box
3C63 Correspondence of A. Smith and John G. Bowers, 1845-1883
box
3L398 Scrapbook
box
4L261 Confederate States, Trans-Mississippi Department, correspondence and circulars, 1863-1865
box
4L262 Confederate States, Trans-Mississippi Department, correspondence and circulars, 1863-1865
box
4L263 Dispatch book, legation at Paris
box
4L234 Scrapbook
Portraits:
box
3S180 Marquis de Pastoret, 1838
[John Lindley?], 1849
Alphonse de Saligny, undated
box
3S176 Commissions, appointments, passports, diplomas, and certificates [ca.-1824-1883]
box
OD1281 Passport of Ashbel Smith, Charge d'Affairs of the Republic of Texas, March-April 1844
box
3T112 Photograph of London residence
box
3B30 Typescripts, letters from Sam Houston to Ashbel Smith, 1841-1843
Letter press book, July-November, 1842
box
2G233 Dr. Mires Stampless collection of letters and covers concerning the life of Ashbel Smith, 1836-1857

Return to the Table of Contents