University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Rogillio Family Papers, 1821-1933

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Rogilio Family
Title: Rogillio Family Papers
Dates: 1821-1933
Abstract: The Rogillio family papers trace the history of the Rogillio family cotton plantation and its owners in Mississippi.
Accession No.: 2004-019
Extent: 1 ft.
Laguage: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History,The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Elizabeth (Tannehill) Rogillio, known as Eliza, was born on December 19, 1805 and died on August 10, 1886. She was the daughter of George Tannehill and Elizabeth Foster. On November 14, 1822 in Claiborne County, Mississippi, she married Emanuel Rogillio. Emanuel Rogillio was born on September 27, 1795 in the Natchez District, Adams County, Mississippi and died on December 12, 1862. He and Eliza had the following children: Tennessee, Emanuel, Thomas S., Margaret, William J., Serena Catherine, Adeline Mary, Elias Julian, and Barbara Helen. Emanuel's father Ysidoro Policarpo Reguillio was born on January 26, 1766 in Lezuza, Province of Albacate, Spain and died on August 30, 1832 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Emanuel's mother Margaret (sometimes given as Marguerita) Thomas was born on October 8, 1768 in the Natchez District, Adams County, Mississippi and died on May 5, 1829 in the East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Emanuel Rogillio had eleven siblings. After his death, Eliza took over the management of the family plantation.

Emanuel and Eliza's daughter Barbara Helen Rogillio was born on July 20, 1846 and died on November 12, 1932. She married Melvin (also spelled Melvine) Gibson, a farmer and cotton plantation owner, on September 20, 1866. According to the 1880 Mississippi census, Gibson's birth year was estimated at 1845. He and Barbara Helen lived for a time in Pine Ridge, Mississippi, and assumed management of the Rogillio family plantation after Eliza's death. They had the following children: James H., Elias J., Lavinia P., Mollie, and Eva

Scope and Contents

The Rogillio family papers trace the history of the Rogillio family cotton plantation and its owners in Mississippi. They follow the plantation's evolution from 1821 through the death of original owner Emanuel Rogillio and the travails of the Civil War to the emancipation of the plantation slaves under the capable direction of his wife Eliza and the plantation's eventual transfer to Emanuel's son-in-law, Melvin Gibson.They include several ledgers detailing every aspect of the plantation's finances, receipts for the sale of cotton and the purchase of farm supplies, contracts, deeds, scrapbooks, printed material, and a small amount of correspondence. The scrapbooks contain short newspaper clippings, printed recipes and holographic poetry. Among the printed materials are an 1893 Butterick pattern catalog and a 1904 Gold Medal Flour cookbook. The papers document both the Rogillio and Gibson families, and are geographically centered on Natchez, Mississippi. The plantation itself produced mainly cotton and a small amount of wool. The collection spans from 1821-1933, with the bulk of the records dating from ca. 1830-1890.

Of the Gibsons' children, Elias J. was the most frequent correspondent. There is also some record of correspondence between Eva Gibson and her son by her second marriage, Charles Wilson, Jr. Melvin Gibson corresponded with his sister A. C. Flowers, a teacher in Mississippi, and A. N. Clarke, a dental surgeon in St. Joseph, Louisiana.


Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Index Terms

Rogillio, Emanuel
Rogillio, Eliza
Gibson, Melvin
Gibson, Barbara Helen
Natchez, Mississippi
Cotton growing - - Mississippi
Plantations - - Mississippi - - Adams County

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Rogillio Family Papers, 1821-1933, Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Detailed Description of the Papers



3D70 Rogillio family
Eliza Rogillio
Contract, 1867
Creative writing, 1843
Financial documents
Estate assessment, 1888
Ledger materials
Tax receipts, 1868-1885
Freedman's Bureau agreement, 1865
Emanuel Rogillio
Contract, 1844
Correspondence 1844-1858
Estate maps
2.325/D6c Estate map, oversize, 1875
3D70 Financial documents
Assorted, 1850-1862 and undated
Deeds, mortgages, 1837-1860
Folder with ledger pages, 1857
Ledger materials
Tax bill, 1850
Tax receipts, 1840-1851
Will, 1863
Notebook belonging to Thomas S. Rogillio, 1842
Gibson family
Barbara Helen (Rogillio) Gibson
Contracts, 1879-1898
Correspondence, 1895, 1898
Medical records, 1921 and undated
Receipts, 1876, 1916
Melvin Gibson
Bluff City Railway Company, 1896
Jefferson College, 1888-1890
Jefferson College catalog, 1886-1887
Natchez Democrat, 1904-1906
Correspondence, 1889-1904
Post Office materials, 1893-1906
Financial documents
Assorted, 1884-1888
Banking House of Britton and Koontz, undated
Tax receipts, 1884-1906
Legal documents
Bill of Probate, 1884
Contracts, 1879-1899
A. H. Geisenberger, 1898
W. P. Henderson, 1904
Jury summons
Medical records
Doctors Lamkin and Beekman, 1893-1901
M. G. Ducrow, veterinarian, 1902
Textile sales records
William Abbott, [ca. 1890]
Sam Beekman, 1899
Dreyfus Mercantile Company, 1901-1902
James S. Fleming, 1904-1907
A. F. Jacobs, 1892-1896
A. & M. Moses, 1881
F. C. Sanford and Company, 1903
Schlenker & Hirsch, 1881-1890 and undated
A. Beer & Company, 1890
Blacksmith and wagon maker
N. A. Whitehead, [ca. 1900]
O'Brien & Company, 1896-1911
Whitmarsh & Connor, 1891
Druggists and stationers
J. L. Young, 1896
Dry goods
Junkin Brothers, 1891-1907
Perrault & Company, 1886
S. W. Wren
General merchandise
3D70 S. H. Lambdin, Jr., 1902-1905
C. G. Miller, 1898
Baker & McDowell, 1887-1901
Schwartz and Stewart, 1891-1895
E. A. Enochs, [ca. 1900]
Roth Brothers, 1886
William H. Wilson, 1900
C. Meeks, 1890
3D60 C. Holloman, [ca. 1900]
3D70 Lulu H. Gibson
Ledger book, 1879
Robert M. Gibson
Contracts, 1883, 1887
Sarah Gibson
Contract, 1887
Receipts, 1874, 1888
Southern Express Company, 1893
Assorted materials
Account book belonging to Charles H. Wilson, 1933
3D71 Contracts, 1869-1883 and undated
Correspondence, 1913-1914
Effie A. Brown notebook, 1903
2.325/D6c Indenture mortgages, oversize, 1838-1850
3D71 Scrapbook
Printed materials
Almanacs, 1867, 1874, 1885
3D72 Bible (Old Testament fragment)
Book cover, F. M. Lipton (publisher), 1896
Butterick pattern catalog, 1893
Funeral notices, 1834-1884
Gold Medal Flour cookbook, 1904
Olney's School Atlas (fragment), 1844
Tax lists, 1890-1893
Wedding invitations, 1902-1905
2.325/D6c Newspaper clippings