Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Robert Simpson Neighbors Papers, 1838-1935



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Neighbors, Robert Simpson, 1815-1859
Title: Neighbors, Robert Simpson, papers
Dates: 1838-1935
Abstract: Comprising correspondence, a diary, commissions and appointments, certificates, financial documents, land surveys, a biography and obituary, maps, and printed material, the Robert Simpson Neighbors Papers, 1838-1935, document the career of Neighbors as an Indian agent in Texas.
Accession No.: 1936
Extent: 44 items
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Born in Virginia, Indian agent Robert Simpson Neighbors (1815-1859) arrived in Texas in 1836. He enlisted in the Texas Army, attaining the rank of captain and title of acting quartermaster. Joining the Texas Rangers, Neighbors served under John C. Hays, when General Adrián Woll imprisoned the company in Mexico in 1842. Following his release to Texas, Neighbors became an Indian agent in 1845 and transitioned the office from the practice of waiting for Native Americans, as was the agency’s routine, to visiting them in their territories. After the annexation of Texas, Neighbors served the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs from 1847 through 1849. He then served as a Texas commissioner (1850) and state legislator (1851-1853). Additionally, in 1851, he married Elizabeth Ann Mays, with whom he had two sons. Returning to the Indian Bureau in 1853, he and U.S. Army captain Randolph B. Marcy explored northwest Texas for possible Native American reservation sites. Despite receiving many threats for his work with the tribes, Neighbors survived until 1859, when he was murdered by Edward Cornett, a man with whom he was not acquainted.

Source:

Richardson, Rupert N. "Neighbors, Robert Simpson."Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed February 15, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fne08.

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Scope and Contents

Comprising correspondence, a diary, commissions and appointments, certificates, financial documents, land surveys, a biography and obituary, maps, and printed material, the Robert Simpson Neighbors Papers, 1838-1935, document the career of Neighbors as an Indian agent in Texas. The collection primarily concerns Neighbors’ attempts to find reservation lands in Texas; the removal of Native Americans to Wichita Reserve; their depredations and mistreatment; and Neighbors’ murder. Correspondence, 1844-1874, includes typescripts of letters to and from Neighbors and others at the U.S. Office of Indian Agents, discussing visits with Native Americans, trips to their lands, and the agents’ and Indians’ relations with Anglo-Americans in Texas. Commissions, certificates, and appointments, 1841-1908, consist of an original certificate for Neighbors’ membership in the Freemasons as well as Photostats and typescripts of Neighbor’s and his family’s appointments in the military, government, and social organizations. Financial records, 1838-1846, contain transcribed bills, receipts, and a diary of accounts, while the printed materials, 1855-1935, discuss Neighbor’s career in the form of newspaper articles, reports, a memorandum, and a brochure. Additionally, the papers include a handwritten biography of and original obituary for Neighbors as well as Photostatic maps and land surveys.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Neighbors, Robert Simpson, 1815-1859 -- Archives.
Subjects (Organizations)
United States. Office of Indian Affairs.
Subjects
Indians of North America -- Texas.
Indian agents -- Texas.
Places
Texas -- History -- Republic, 1836-1845.
Texas -- History -- 1846-1950.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Robert Simpson Neighbors Papers, 1838-1935, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s "History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light" project, 2009-2011.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

Box
2E422 Letters from Lt. Colonel Robert E. Lee to Neighbors,
May 22, 1856
May 24, 1856
June 16, 1857
Correspondence, 1844-1874
Commissions, 1841-1860
Certificates, 1858-1908
Appointment, 1848
Order, 1859
Bill, 1842
Receipt, 1846
Maps
Obituary, 1859
Clipping, 1855
Newspaper articles
Record of land survey, 1838-1848
Brochure, circular 1935
Memorandum
Diary, notebook, tax record, 1838
Pledge
Biography, 1846-1878
Box
2R126 Typed transcripts of correspondence from the U.S. Indian Office, bound in two volumes:
Vol. 1, 1852-1859
Vol. 2, 1859
Box
2.325/D3 Certificates:
Names Neighbors Quartermaster of the Republic of Texas, signed by Mirabeau B. Lamar and B. Archer, Secretary of War and Navy, April 1, 1840
Names Neighbors a captain in the Republic of Texas, signed by Lamar and Archer, July 15, 1840
Appoints Neighbors Special Agent for the Indians of Texas, signed by W. Medill, Commissioner of Indian Affairs and by W.L. Marcy, Secretary of War, August 18, 1848
“Copy of Capt. R.B. Marcy’s map of a road from St. Mary’s to San Antonio, distance 116 miles”, undated
Box
2.325/D41c Scrapbook
See also Artifact Collection

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