University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Gideon Lincecum Collection, 1821-1933



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Lincecum, Gideon, 1793-1874.
Title Gideon Lincecum Collection
Dates: 1821-1933
Abstract Gideon Lincecum (1821-1933) was a prominent physician, philosopher, and naturalist in Texas. This collection includes correspondence, personal papers, writings and botanical notes and specimens.
Accession No.: 1930
OCLC No.: 70729345
Extent: 4 ft., 9 in.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Gideon Lincecum (1793-1874) was a physician, philosopher and naturalist born in Warren County, Georgia. Lincecum first came to Texas on an exploring expedition in January 1835. He moved to Long Point, Texas in 1848. Lincecum was a widely published naturalist and scholar of Choctaw traditions. In 1868, Lincecum moved to Tuxpan, Mexico, to continue his studies. He returned to Texas in 1873 and died at Long Point, Texas in 1874.


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, personal papers, writings and botanical notes and specimens relate to Gideon Lincecum's naturalistic philosophy; weather; soil; plant and insect life; terrain and natives of Tuxpan, Mexico; "History of the Chahta Nation"; W. P. Doran family. The collection also includes a transcript and printed copy of Gideon Lincecum’s “Personal Reminiscences of an Octogenerian”.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Unrestricted use.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Lincecum, Gideon, 1793-1874 -- Archives.
Doran family.
Subjects
Botany -- Texas.
Choctaw Indians.
Choctaw Indians -- Folklore.
Choctaw Indians -- History -- 19th century.
Choctaw Indians -- Mississippi.
Insects -- Texas.
Meteorology -- Texas.
Soils -- Texas.
Places
Tuxpan de Rodríguez Cano (Mexico)

Related Material

For scans of collection material and historical background, see The Gideon Lincecum Virtual Herbarium, a web presentation by Joanne Birch, the Plant Resources Center, Dr. Bob Harms, and the Briscoe Center.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Gideon Lincecum Collection, 1821-1933, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Alternate Format Available

"History of the Chahta Nation" is available on microfilm on Film 828 Reel 39.


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Inventory

box
2E363 Letters, 1829-1866, undated
Letters, 1867-1870
Letters, 1871-1872
Diaries, 1849-1873, 1867
Weather journals, 1860-1861
Broadsides, 1838, undated
Letter fragments and loose material
Printed material, 1862-1933, undated
Printed material, 1834-1857
Woodcut print of Gideon Lincecum
Tour book of summer excursion, undated
Account book, 1848
G. Lincecum Family, undated
Weather remarks, 1849-1850
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4M691 Letter press books:
1857-1859
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4M692 1859-1860
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4M693 1865-1867
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4M694 1867-1868
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2E365 Speeches, 1871, undated
Land transactions, 1852-1856, 1884
Miscellaneous printed materials, 1847, 1869, undated
License to practice medicine from 1866 to 1867
Notes, correspondence, 1835, 1838, 1849, 1860-1867, 1870, 1872, 1879, 1887, and undated
Autobiography, 1861
Manuscript, "History of the Chahta Nation," addenda, pp. 1-95
box
4M695 Manuscript, "History of the Chahta Nation"
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2E365 Letters, 1890-1905
Letters, concerning land, 1906-1918
Letters, 1873-1899
Botanical notebook, 1860
Medical notebook, undated
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2E514 Transcript and printed copy of “Personal Reminiscences of an Octogenerian” 1874
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4M696 Letterpress, pp. 291-447, June 10, 1860 - February 6, 1861
box
4M697 Letterpress, pp. 448-646, February 11, 1861 - July 28, 1862
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4M698 Letterpress, pp. 647-891, November 10, 1862 - May 9, 1865
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2E366 Literary efforts, undated
Clippings, undated
Account book, diary, 1821-1835
Account book, diary, medical cures, undated
box
2R79 Autobiography, 1871
Diary, 1823-1848
Cash book and diary, 1823-1873
Diary and papers, 1864-1870
Miscellaneous and printed writings, 1838-1869 and undated
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2R80 Papers, 1838-1887 and undated
Letters, 1845-1871
Letter press:
Part 1, March 20, 1859 - May 28, 1860
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2R81 Part 1, June 10, 1860 - December 31, 1861
Part 2, January 1, 1862 - May 9, 1865
1865-1867
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2R82 1865-1867
1867-1868
"History of the Chahta Nation," Part 1
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2R83 "History of the Chahta Nation," Part 2
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2R109 Letter press:
1857-1859
part 1 1859-1865,
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Film 828 Reel 39 "History of the Chahta Nation," microfilm
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3So15a Printed material
Botany notes and specimens:
Herbarium (1):
Leptopoda - Sneezeweed
Rhus. quercifolia - Poison Oak
Laurus. caroliensis - Laurel
Delphinium. slaphisagrium - Lark's Spur
Lobelia. cardinalis - Cardinal Flower
Actaea. alba - Necklace Weed
Hydrangea. quercifolia - Seven Barks
Hanthorhiga. apiifolia - Parsley, Yellow Root
Labilia. glabra - Smooth Leaf Lobaclia
Asclephias. verticillata - Dwarf Milkweed
Impatients. fulva - Wild Touch-me-not
Nicotiana. tabacum - Virginian Tobacco
Solanum. lycopersicum - Tomatoe
Amygdalus. persiea - Peach Tree
Aletris. farinosa - Star Grass or Unicorn Root
Solanum. nigoum - Deadly Nightshade
Agave. virginiea - Rattlesnake Master
Ascyrum. crupandrea - Fire Weed
Mentha. peperita - Peppermint
Herbarium (2):
Henchera. americana - Alum Root
Euphorbia. pilosa - Oil Field Milkweed
Oxalis. stricta - Wood Sorrel
Gillenia. trifoliate - Indian Physic
Botrichium. gracie - Puka Weed
Digitalis. purpuria - Fox Glove
Smilex. lawsfolia - Bamboo Brier
Momordica. balsamina - Balsam Apple or Vine
Thuga. ocidentalis - False White Cedar
Amsonia. salicifolia - unnamed
Phaseolus - Ground Nut or Hog Potatoe
Trifoliage. pretinse - Red Clover
Haphylea. trifolia - Bladder Nut
Lanicula. marylandica - Black Snake Root
Solanum. psuedo-capricum - Jerusalem Cherry
Vernonia. noveloracensis - Flat Top or Iron Weed
Potentilla. canadenies - Common Five Finger Cinquefoil
Fragaria. virginiana - Wild Strawberry
Linapis. alba - Yellow Seed Mustard
Pastinaca. sation - Parsnip
Evapatorium. ageratoides - Pool Root
Panax. quinquefolium - Ginseng
Gentiana. saponaria - Swamp Gentian or Sampson's Snakeroot
Octandria:
Hepatica. tribola - Liver Root
Nimphaea. odorata - White Pond Lilly
Papower. sonniferum - Opium Poppy
Clematis. liquoticifolia - Virgin's Bower
Argemone. mexicana - Mexican Poppy
Pentandria (1):
Celastrus. scandens - False Bittersweet Fever Twig
Ceanathus. americana - New Jersey Tea or Liberty Tea
Lobelia. puberula - Blue June
Verbascum. thaphrus - Mullein
Rhus. cotinus - False Fringe Tree or Aaron's Beard
Chemopodium. anthelmintiaum - Wormseed or Jerusalem Oak
Hyoscayamus. niger - Henbane
Lobelia. claytoniana - Blue June
Polemonium. refstans - Greek Valerian or Sweat Root
Rockelia. virginiana - White, Blue June
Lobelia. inflata - Blue June, annual or biennial
Pentandria (2):
Sabbatia. angularis - American Centaury
Onosmodium. molle - Gravel Root
Onosmodium. lentium - unnamed
Solarum. tuberosum - Potatoe or Irish Potatoe
Onosmodium. dictotimora - Forked Jobs Tiar
Tentandria:
Frazera. caroliniensis - Pyramid Flower, Columbo Root
Cephalanthus. pubescens - Britton Brush, Elbow Tree
Mitchella. repens - Poortage Berry, Chicker Berry
Colnus. florada - Fals Boxwood, Dogwood Tree
Monandria:
Lady's Slipper; Wake Robin; Arum triphillum
Birth Mint; Red Osien; Green Osien
Triandria:
Iris. tripetala - Wild Blue Flag
Diandria:
Salvia. officinalis - Sage
Monarda. dydyma - Mountain Mint
Lycophus. virginicus - Water Hoarhound
Lycophus. purpuria - unnamed
Monarda. punetata - Horse Mint
Salvia. lyrata - Wild Sage or Cancer Weed
Polyandria:
Tropaedum. majus - Indian Cross
Polygonum. aviculare - Yard Grass
Polygonum. penetatum - Smart Weed or Water Pepper
Polygonum. fagopyrum - Buck Wheat
Calycanthus. floridus - Carolina Allspice or Sweet Shrub
Gillenia. stimplacea - Indian Physic
Aesculus
Cryptogamia:
Adiantum. pedatium - Maiden's Hair
Umbelaceas:
Uraspermum. hersutum - Stinking Root or Shuah Hokshoop
Daucus. pusillus - Wild Carrot
Corriandrum. satirum - White Corriander
Pernpinella. ansimuo wild - White Sweet Anise
Carum. carui - Caraway
Apium. petrocelinum - Parsley
Daucus. carota - Common Carrot
Angelica. atropurpurice - Aromatic Angelica
Tetradynamia:
Rubus. strigasus - Red Raspberry
Agrimonia. cupatoria - Agrimony
Lepidium. satium - Pepper Grass or Tongue Grass
Didynamia:
Garardia. pedicula - Lausewort Foxglove
Dioecia:
Drocera. breuifolia pursh - Sundew
Urtica. canadumis - Albany Hemp
Galium. curcaezang - Wild Liquorice
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3So15b Pentandria (1):
Arabia. racimora - Spikenard
Cynoglossum. amplexicanle - Wild Comprey
Triosteum. angustifolium - Horse Ginseng
Triosterum. perfoliatum - Horse Ginseng
Pinus. rigida - unnamed
Linum. usitatissinum - Flax
Euonymus. americanus - Burning Bush
Dioscorea. quarternala - unnamed
Convolulus. pandurate - Wild Potatoe Vine
Pentandria (2):
Lobelia. glanduloga - unnamed
Viburnum. prunifolicum - Black Haw Sloe
Spigelia, marylandica - Pink Root
Lobelia. siphilitica - Blue June
Symphytismo. officinalis - Camprey
Datura. shamonium - Jamestown Weed or Thorn Apple
Convolulus. batatus - Sweet Potatoe
Rhus. glabra - White Sumac
Lygensia:
Eupatorium - Stinking Orris
Elephantofus. carolinianus - Elephant's Foot
Senecio. gracitis - Rhumatic Weed
Rudbeckia. purfuria - Vegetable Mercury
Krigea. dandelion - unnamed
Achillia. mullefolia - Yarrow or Millfoil
Gnaphalieum. alpununu - White Plantain
Gnaphalium. polycephalum - Sweet Scented Life Everlasting
Eupatorium. pubesens - Wild Hoarhound
Sonchus. oleraciaus - Saw Whistle
Arctium. lappa - Burdock
Bidens. pilosi - Beggar Ticks or Spanish Needles
Chrysanthemum. parthenium - Feverfew
Apargia. autumnalis - False Hawk Weed
Verbesina. virginica - Crownhead
Tentandria:
Galium. apanine - Bed Straw
Galium. boreale - Ahoyo
Galium. asprillusn - Wild Madder
Hamamelis. virginica - Witch Hazel
Flex. opaca - Evergreen Holly
Viscum. verticulatum - Misletoe
Calicarpa. americana - unnamed
Helea. trifoliata - Agu Bark
Galium. umflorum - Bedstraw
Triandria:
Passeflora. uncarnate - Vine Apricot
Althia. rosea - Hollyhock
Iris. versicolor - Blue Flag
Gossypium. herbaceum - Cotton
Malva. carroliniana - Ground Mallows
Geraneum. maculatum - Crow Foot
Diandria:
Labiateae - Wild Lemon Balm
Monarda. bradberriana - unnamed
Labiatrai - Bitney or Bitnay, Gravel Weed
Ligustrum. vulgare - unnamed
Rosmarimus. officinales - Rosemary
Leptandria. virginica - Culver's Physic or Black Root
Chionanthus. virginicus - Gray Beard
Lalvia. selara - unnamed
Lycofus. europicus - Water Hoarhound
Jasminum. officinales - Jasmine
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3So16a Heptandria (empty)
Polyandria:
Saururus. cernuus - Mud Lilly
Aesculus. glabra - White Buckeye
Rosa. centifolia - Hundred Leaves Rose
Umbelaceas:
Anethum. feniculum - Fennel
Eryngium. aquaticum - Corn Snake Root
Diadelphia:
Lephrosia elegand - unnamed
Lephrosia. vitginiana - Devils Shoestring
Polygala. sanguinea - Snake Root
Spartium. scoparium - Scoth Broom
Evotalaria. sagitalis - Rattlebox
Polygala. senaga - Seneca Snakeroot
Melilotus. alba - Milolot
Phaseolus. proper - Bush Bean
Hibiscus. moschentos - Marshmallow
Polygala. verticullata - Dwarf Seneka Snakeroot
Monadelphia:
Schrankia. uncimata - Sensitve Brier or Saw Brier
Sisyrinchium. anceps - Blue Eyed Grass or Scurvy Grass
Malva. ludiracae - Buzzard Root
Teradynamia:
Rubus. villosers - High Blackberry
Brassica. rapa - Turnip
Coclearia. armoracia - Horse Raddish
Raphamus. sativus - Raddish
Brassica. oleracea - Common Cabbage
Didynamia:
Nepota. cataria - Catnip
Hedeonia. pulegiodes - Pennyroye
Mentha. viridis - Spearmint
Organim. marjorana - Sweet Marjoram
Chelona. gabra - Balmon or Snake Head
Lavendula. sfica - Lavender
Scutellaria. parvula - The Smallest Scullcap
Ocymum. bazilicum - Sweet Basil
Sesamum. indicum - Bene-benni
Glechoma. hederacad - Ground Ivy
Genardia. pedicularia - Louse Wort Foxglove
Marrubium. vulgare - Hoarhound
Scutellaria. laevegata - Scull Cap family
Thymus. vulgaris - Garden Thyme
Calamintha. nepota - Calamint
Hyssopus. officinalis - Hyssop
Scutelarria. velosa - unnamed
Leonurus. cardiaca - Motherwort
Leucrium. variety. virginicum - Wood Sage
Bigmonia. capreolata - Cross Vine
Melissa. officinalis - Balin
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3So16b Cryptogamia:
Botryehium. virginicum - Boar's Tusk
Asplenium. ebonum - Ebony Spleenwort
Osmunda. regalis - Buck Horn Brake
Polypodium. vulgare - Polypodium
Asplenium. angustifolium - Swamp Spleenwort
Asplenium. rhisophyllum - Spleen Wort or Walking Leaf
Dioecia:
Trillium. sessile - Beth Root
Gentiana. saponaria - Soap Gentain or Sampson's Snakeroot
Viburnum. opulus - Gnelder Rose
Natures Cloth
Filia. heterophylla - Bass Wood
Onosmodium. hisfidium - Gravel Weed
Althaea. officinalis - Marsh Mallow
Vitis. oestibalis - Summer Grape
Arum. dracontium - Green Draggon
Monandria:
Calla. palustris - Mountain Lilly
Dried flower scrapbook:
Miscellaneous loose specimens
Mariposa Lily
Columbine
Moss, grasses
Shooting Star; Evening Star
Gilia; Rose
Indian Paint Brush
Sweet Clover; Horse Mint
Two unnmaed specimens
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3S017a Monocia:
Pinus. canademis - Hemlock Tree
Carya. myristicasformis - Soft Bark Hicory
Corylus. americana - Hazle Nut
Zuercus. alba - White Oak
Puglans. cinerea - Butternut
Cupressus. distica - Cypress Tree
Stillingia. salvatica - Queens Delight
Liquidamber. styraciflua - Sweet Gum
Morus. multicanlis - Chinese Mulberry
Stillingia. ligustrina - unnamed
Arum. triphyllum - Indian Turnip
Castanea. purmila - Chinquapin
Castanea. vesca - Chestnut
Plantanus. occidentalis - Button Wood
Puglanis. negra - Black Walnut
Synandria:
Asclepias. syriaca - Milk Weed
Cypripedium. pubescens - Yellow Lady's Slipper
Menispernum. canaduses - Moonseed or Yellow Parilla
Spinacia. oleracia - Spinach
Humulus. lupulus - Hap
Hanthorylum. praxinum - Prickly Ash or Toothache Tree
Myrica. cenfera - Bayberry
Dioscorea. vellosa - Hobb, fever, or Yam Root
Populus. balsamifera - Balm of Giliad
Lalix. negra - Water Willow
Drospiros. virginiana - Persimmon Tree
Juneperus. sabina - Laven
Smilex. caduca - Large Green Brier
Salix. negra - Brittle Willow or Black Willow
Ficus. carica - Figtree
Juniperus. virginiana - Red Cedar
Lyngensia:
Erigeron. canaduse - Common Hogweed
Leontodon. taraxicum - Dandelion
Lolidago. odora - Golden Rod
Prenanthus. virgata - unnamed
Eupatorium. perfobatum - Indian Sage
Lanacetum. vulgara - unnamed
Artimisia. abrotanum - Southern Wood
Anthemis. botula - May Weed
Hieracium. marianum - Milky Blooms Yellow
Artinisia. absinthium - Wormwood
Chrysanthimum. parthenium - Feverfew
Silphium. perfoliatum - Indian Cup Plant
Hebanthus. pubescens - Wild Sunflower
Centaurea. benedicta - Blessed Thistle
Fragopothon. porrifolius - Vegetable Oyster or Salsafy
Gnula. helenium - Elecampane
Lolidago. axillarid - Blooms Yellow
Helianthus. hispidulus - Barn Tongue
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3S017b Enneandria:
Asclepias. connivens - unnamed
Aristolochia. sipho - Birthwort
Laurus. sassafras - Sassafras
Ambesus. villoso - unnamed
Asclepias. amoena - Purple Silk Weed
Asclepias. obbuisfolia - Milk Weed
Asclepias. phytolaccoides - unnamed
Asclepias. guberosa - Pluersy Root
Aristolochia. serpentaria - Virginia Snakeroot
Apocynum. androceamifolium - Dog Bane or Bitter Root
Gonocobus. hersuta - unnamed
Asarum. canadense - White Snakeroot
Asarum. arifolium - Heart Leaf
Decandria:
Bercis. canadenses - Red Bud Tree
Phytolacca. decandra - Poke Weed
Melia - China Tree or Pride of China
Oxalis. acitocella - Wood Sorrel
Bassia. marilandisa - Wild Senna
Bassia. senna - Egyptian Senna
Silene. pennsylvanica - Pink Catchfly
Baptisia. alba - Wild Indigo
Andromeda. arborea - Sorrel Tree
Ruta. graveolens - Rue
Vaccinium - Huckleberry
Hexandria:
Fillandsia. usnoides - Spanish Moss
Sweat Root
Trillium. erecta - Beth Root
Helonias. dioica - Star Root
Rumex. crispus - Sour, Cancer, or Curled Dock
Cornwallaria. multiflora - King Solomon's Seal
Litium. candidum - White Lilly
Rumex. britanicus - Large Dock
Allium. asalosicum - Shallot
Rumex. aquaticus - Water Dock
Leontice. thalictroidy - Pappoose Root
Asparagus. officinalis - Asparagus
Scosandria empty
Octandria:
Lemon Balm
Paeony. officinalis - Peony
Bitrus. aurantium - Orange Tree
Hydratis. canaduris - Golden Seal or Turmeric Root
Liriodendron. tulipifera - White Wood or Tulip Tree
Macrotrys. sacimosa - Black Cohosh
Berasus. caroliniana - Wild Peach of Texas
Langumaria. canadensis - Blood Root
Podophyllum. pettatum - May Apple
Loose specimens