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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Bank of the State of Mississippi Records, 1804-1846



Descriptive Summary

Creator Bank of the State of Mississippi
Title Bank of the State of Mississippi Records,
Dates: 1804-1846.
Abstract The Bank of Mississippi was created by an act of the territorial legislature on December 25, 1809, with its headquarters at Natchez and its charter to run through 1834. The collection includes correspondence, accounting and transactional financial records, stockholder records, powers of attorney, letters of credit, personnel records, resolutions, minutes, legal case records, deeds, and memoranda document the operation of the Bank of the State of Mississippi from its establishment to its close.
Accession No. 85-311
Extent 16 ft., 1 in.
Language English.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History,The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

The Bank of Mississippi was created by an act of the territorial legislature on December 25, 1809, with its headquarters at Natchez and its charter to run through 1834. After Mississippi was admitted to the union in December 1817, the new state legislature passed an act changing the bank's name to the Bank of the State of Mississippi and extending its charter to December 31, 1840. By this legislation, branches were authorized at Port Gibson and Woodville, and no other banks could be incorporated during the life of the charter. However, in 1830, a financial crisis, precipitated in part by the state's debt to the bank, caused the governmet to ignore its pledge, and the Planters' Bank was chartered. Unable to recover, the Bank of the State of Mississippi was authorized to wind down its business and by 1834 it was largely defunct.

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, accounting and transactional financial records, stockholder records, powers of attorney, letters of credit, personnel records, resolutions, minutes, legal case records, deeds, and memoranda document the operation of the Bank of the State of Mississippi from its establishment to its close. The economic history of Mississippi from its territorial years through early statehood is reflected, as well as the financial affairs of the citizenry. Among the legal records are materials related to the estate of Winthrop Sargent, first territorial governor and one of the bank's founders. Other prominent persons in the bank's operation represented in the papers are Samuel Postlethwait and Stephen Duncan, two of the bank's presidents, and Gabriel Tichenor, cashier. Also documented are the bank's dealings with out-of-state banks, particularly in New Orleans.

Forms part of the Natchez Trace Collection.

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Organization

Organized into four series: I. Administrative records. II. Financial records. III. Legal records. IV. Miscellaneous materials. Arranged chronologically by type of material and subject.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Duncan, Stephen, 1787-1867.
Postlethwait, Samuel.
Sargent, Winthrop, 1753-1820.
Tichenor, Gabriel.
Subjects
Bank of the State of Mississippi--Archives.
Mississippi--Commerce--History--19th century--Sources.
Mississippi--Economic conditions--Archival resources.
Natchez (Miss.)--History--19th century--Sources.
Banks and banking--Mississippi--History--19th century--Sources.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Bank of the State of Mississippi Records, 1804-1846, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Inventory

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2E949 Administrative records:
General correspondence:
1811-1816
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2E950 1817-1818
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2E951 1819
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2E952 January - October 1820
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2E953 November 1820 - August 1821
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2E954 September 1821 - October 1823
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2E955 November 1823 - August 1824
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2E956 September 1824 - October 1825
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2E957 November 1825 - May 1826
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2E958 June-December 1826
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2E959 January-December 1827
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2E960 January-August 1828
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2E961 September 1828 - June 1829
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2E962 July-November 1829
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2E963 December 1829 - May 1830
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2E964 June-December 1830
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2E965 January-March 1831
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2E966 April-July 1831
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2E967 August-November 1831
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2E968 December 1831 - February 1832
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2E969 March-August 1832
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2E970 September 1832 - July 1833
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2E971 1834, undated
Bank shares ownership:
Stock certificates:
1811-1818
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2E972 1819-1834
Caroline Mitchell estate, 1822-1830
Jane Butter, 1819-1821, 1834
James P. Hart, 1825-1830
Stock purchase orders and receipts, 1811-1825
Stock transfers, 1810-1832
Stockholders lists, 1818-1819, 1826
Proxies, 1831, 1836
Affidavits and letters concerning lost certificates, 1821, 1830-1833
Powers of attorney:
1815-1819
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2E973 1820-1837, undated
Board of Directors: Resolutions, minutes, correspondence, and other materials, 1811-1834, undated
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3So10 Election records, 1816-1818, undated
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2E974 Personnel:
Employment applications, resignations, and other correspondence, 1811-1834, undated
Performance bonds:
1818-1833, undated
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3So10 Oversize bond, 1831
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2E974 Mississippi state government:
Legislature, correspondence and legislation, 1814, 1819, 1830
Governors, correspondence and financial records, 1813-1834, undated
United States government:
Treasury Department, correspondence, circulars, and reports, 1818-1831, undated
War Department, correspondence, 1821-1831
Letters of credit, 1818-1832
Counterfeiting and other bank crime activities, correspondence, 1819-1834
Claims, 1837-1844
Successor banks:
Correspondence, financial records, and other materials, 1832-1846
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3So10 Oversize financial record, 1833
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2E974 Financial records:
Accounting reports:
Abstracts of funds:
1819
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2E975 1820-1825, 1828
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2E974 Audits and balance sheets, 1817-1822
Branch office statements:
Port Gibson:
1822-1826
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3So10 Oversize statement, 1832
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2E975 Woodville, Office of Discount and Deposit:
1821-1829
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3So10 Oversize statements, 1820-1832
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2E975 Out-of-state bank statements:
Bank of Orleans
1822-1826
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3So10 Oversize statement, 1831
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2E976 Louisiana State Bank, 1820-1823
Bank of United States, New Orleans:
1822, 1829-1833
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3So10 Oversize statements, 1823-1832
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2E976 Bank of United States, Nashville, 1816, 1830
Farmers and Mechanics Bank, Philadelphia:
1815, 1825, 1827
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3So10 Oversize statements, 1816-1832
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2E976 Mechanics Bank, New York, 1828
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3So10 City Bank of Baltimore, 1816
Louisville Branch Bank, 1814
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2E976 State of deposit ledger sheets:
1811-1819, undated
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3So10 Oversize sheet, 1817
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2E976 Bills receivable:
"Ticklers," 1821-1822
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3So10 Oversize ticklers, 1819-1824, 1828
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2E976 Bank expenses and income:
Bills, receipts, and other materials:
General:
1811-1819, 1822-1829
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3So10 Oversize account, 1814
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2E977 1830-1831, 1836, undated
Steamboat shipments, 1811-1833, undated
Taxes, 1813-1831
Legal costs, 1812-1831, undated
Branch offices:
1818-1819, 1826-1830
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3So10 Oversize records, 1822-1823, 1828-1830
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2E977 Money supply:
Documentation of specie orders, printing and issuing of paper, and related materials, 1811-1831, undated
Cancellation and destruction resolutions and related materials, 1813-1815, undated
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3So10 Oversize records, 1820, 1822
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2E977 Income:
Profit and loss slips, 1820-1822, undated
Dividend payment memoranda, checks and related materials, 1817-1834
Transactions:
Promissory notes:
1812-1818
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2E978 1818-1821
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2E979 1822-1833, undated
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2E980 Checks and drafts:
1811-1820
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2E981 1821-1825
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2E982 1826-1829
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2E983a 1830-1834, undated
Bills of exchange:
1812-1817
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2E983b 1818-1831, 1835, undated
Protests and notices of non-payment:
Promissory notes, 1818-1832, undated
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2E983c Checks and drafts, 1817-1834
Bills of exchange, 1818-1826
Deposit slips, 1814-1831, undated
Miscellaneous receipts and other financial records:
1813-1834, undated
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3So10 Oversize records, 1818, undated
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2E983c Legal documents, correspondence, financial records and other materials:
Charles B. Green vs. Bank of Mississippi, 1818-1828, undated
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3So10 Oversize materials, 1821-1823
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2E983c Winthrop Sargent estate, 1819-1833
Heirs of James Kemp vs. Thomas Hunt, 1826, 1832-1833
Rifle Point Plantation, 1827-1834
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2E983d Samuel Postlethwait:
Deed to Postlethwait and William Morton and dissolution of partnership agreement, 1805, 1808
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3So10 Deed to Postlethwait and wife, 1804
Deed, to Bank of Mississippi, 1814
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2E983d Miscellaneous legal documents:
1812, 1818-1831, undated
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3So10 Deeds, 1819, 1830
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2E983d Miscellaneous materials:
Notes and unidentified items, 1814-1835, undated
Fragments, 1811-1831, undated

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