Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Index Terms

Separated Material

Description of Series

Papers

Printed documents

Galveston County tax lists

Letter presses

Checkbooks

Diaries

Legal notebooks

Newspaper clippings

Envelopes

Diaries

Photograph

Oversize materials

Maps

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the William Pitt Ballinger Papers, 1815-1909



Descriptive Summary

Creator Ballinger, William Pitt, 1825-1888.
Title Ballinger (William Pitt) Papers
Dates: 1815-1909
Abstract This collection, produced and collected by William Pitt Ballinger (1825-1888), soldier, attorney, and businessman of Galveston, Texas, is one of the outstanding sources of documentation for nineteenth-century Texas and Southern history, particularly of the Confederacy and the post-Civil War period.
ID BALLINGER, WILLIAM PITT
Extent 17 ft., 5 in.
Language English.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

William Pitt Ballinger, attorney, born in Kentucky in 1825, moved to Galveston in 1843 and began the study of law with an uncle, James Love. He was admitted to the bar in 1847. During the Mexican War, he enlisted as a private and advanced through the ranks to be adjutant of Albert Sidney Johnston's regiment. In 1850 he married Hallie P. Jack of Brazoria County.

Ballinger served as a United States district attorney for Texas from 1850 until 1854, when he became a partner in a Galveston law firm with Thomas McKinney Jack and M. L. Mott. In 1861 Ballinger was appointed Confederate receiver by Judge D. G. Hill of the Confederate District Court.

Gov. Pendleton Murrah and Gen. John Bankhead Magruder, commander of the district of Texas, appointed Ballinger and Ashbel Smith special commissioners at the end of the Civil War to secure terms of peace for the state.

Ballinger declined appointments to the Texas Supreme Court in 1871 and in 1874. He participated in the Constitutional Convention of 1875 as a member of the Judicial Committee. Texans offered Ballinger the Democratic nomination for governor in July 1878, but he refused.

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Scope and Contents

This collection, produced and collected by William Pitt Ballinger (1825-1888), soldier, attorney, and businessman of Galveston, Texas, remains one of the outstanding sources of documentation for nineteenth-century Texan and Southern development and history. The papers are equally valuable for the study of the extended family and prominent associates of Ballinger.

The papers are particularly rich in documentary value for the post-1850 period when Ballinger served as United States district attorney for the Texas District and later when he opened his private practice. Many of them relate to the financial and legal affairs of Galveston businesses and antebellum plantations in southeast Texas. A large number of the papers document Ballinger's service as Confederate States receiver for Galveston during the Civil War. His voluminous correspondence with Texan and Southern officials and with officers and men in Confederate service are also reflected here. Many of the papers from the post-Civil War period relate to his involvement with railroads in Texas and to other business and civic affairs of Ballinger and his associates in Galveston. His personal diary (1854-1886), which is accompanied by a typed transcription and an index, contains much information about that city.

The papers include correspondence, diaries, literary productions, business papers, legal papers, pamphlets, broadsides, and other printed items, newspaper clippings, maps, and a photograph.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Ballinger, William Pitt, 1825-1888.
Borden, Gail, 1801-1874.
Borden, John
Bryan, Guy M. (Guy Morrison), 1821-1901.
Bryan, Joel
Bryan, Moses Austin, 1817-1895.
Coke, Richard, 1829-1897
Colgate, William
Davis, E. J. (Edmund Jackson), 1827-1883.
Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889.
Davis, William H.
Gorgas, Josiah, 1818-1883.
Groce, Eliza Ellen
Hancock, John
Harrison, James
Hebert, Paul Octave, 1818-1880.
Henderson, James Pinckney, 1808-1858.
Herndon, John H. (John Hunter), 1813-1878
Jack, Hallie
Jack, Thomas M., 1831-1880.
Johnson, M. T.
Johnston, Albert S., 1803-1862.
Jones, John B., 1834-1881.
Jones, Neff
Kirby-Smith, Edmund, 1824-1893.
McKinney, Thomas J.
Magruder, John Bankhead, 1807-1871.
Menard, Helen
Morrill, Amos
Murrah, P. (Pendleton), d. 1865.
Mussina, Simon, 1805-1889.
Neil, Dennis
Nicoll, Henry
Ochiltree, William B. (William Beck)
Pease, Elisha Marshall, 1812-1883.
Randall, Ed
Roberts, Oran Milo, 1815-1898.
Runnels, Hardin R.
Shepherd, B. A.
Smith, Henry
Terry, Clinton
Waul, Thomas Neville, 1813-1903.
Wharton, Eliza Penelope Johnson.
Wharton, John Austin, 1828-1865.
Subjects
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Confederate States of America
Land grants--Texas
Plantations--Texas
Places
Ann Arbor (Mich.)
Austin (Tex.)
Baltimore (Md.)
Boston, (Ma.)
Brazoria (Tex.)
Brazoria County (Tex.)
Brenham (Tex.)
Bristol (Tenn.)
Brownsville (Tex.)
Dallas (Tex.)
Galveston (Tex.)
Houston (Tex.)
Knoxville (Tenn.)
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Saint Paul (Minn.)
New Iberia (La.)
New York (N.Y.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Richmond (Va.)
Waco (Tex.)
Watersboro (S.C.)
Genres
Diaries

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Separated Material

Money Collection

TXC boxes #5, 6, 7, and A:

  • 92 related to legal matters concerning railroads, mostly in Texas
  • 39 related to businesses, organizations, and persons in Galveston, Tx.
  • 18 related to government and laws of Galveston Tx.
  • 104 related to government, businesses, or organizations elsewhere in Texas
  • 16 related to United States, Confederate States of America, or Texas state government or laws
  • 36 related to legal cases, many in Texas or of Texan origin
  • 42 related to businesses, organizations, or persons outside Texas
  • 2 miscellaneous

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 
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2A169 Papers
Papers, 1815-1836
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2A170 Papers, 1837-1839
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2A171 Papers, January 1840-December 1842
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2A172 Papers, January 1843-December 1846
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2A173 Papers, January 1847-February 1850
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2A174 Papers, March 1850-May 1851
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2A175 Papers, June 1851-December 1852
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2A176 Papers, January 1853-December 1853
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2A177 Papers, January 1854-December 1854
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2A178 Papers, January 1855-January 1856
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2A179 Papers, February 1856-December 1856
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2A180 Papers, January 1857-October 1857
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2A181 Papers, November 1857-August 1858
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2A182 Papers, September 1858-April 1859
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2A183 Papers, May 1859-January 1860
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2A184 Papers, February 1860-October 1860
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2A185 Papers, November 1860-May 1861
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2A186 Papers, June 1861-November 1862
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2A187 Papers, December 1862-November 1863
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2A188 Papers, December 1863-November 1864
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2A189 Papers, December 1864-March 1866
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2A190 Papers, April 1866-September 1866
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2A191 Papers, October 1866-January 1867
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2A192 Papers, February 1867-October 1867
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2A193 Papers, November 1867-May 1868
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2A194 Papers, June 1868-December 1868
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2A195 Papers, January 1869-May 1869
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2A196 Papers, June 1869-November 1869
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2A197 Papers, December 1869-April 1870
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2A198 Papers, May 1870-January 1871
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2A199 Papers, February 1871-November 1871
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2A200 Papers, December 1871-August 1872
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2A201 Papers, September 1872-July 1873
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2A202 Papers, August 1873-June 1874
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2A203 Papers, July 1874-September 1875
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2A204 Papers, October 1875-August 1876
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2A205 Papers, September 1876-March 1877
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2A206 Papers, April 1877-March 1878
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2A207 Papers, April 1878-November 1878
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2A208 Papers, December 1878-May 1879
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2B1 Papers, June 1879-December 1879
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2B2 Papers, January 1880-September 1880
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2B3 Papers, October 1880-May 1881
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2B4 Papers, June 1881-April 1882
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2B5 Papers, May 1882-November 1882
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2B6 Papers, December 1882-September 1883
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2B7 Papers, October 1883-July 1884
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2B8 Papers, August 1884-March 1885
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2B9 Papers, April 1885-September 1885
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2B10 Papers, October 1885-March 1886
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2B11 Papers, April 1886-December 1886
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2B12 Papers, January 1887-September 1887
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2B13 Papers, October 1887-July 1888
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2B14 Papers, August 1888-March 1890
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2B15 Papers, April 1890-June 1982
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2B16 Papers, July 1892-March 1895
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2B17 Papers, Miscellaneous, April 1895-December 1899, 1900, 1905, 1909 undated
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2B18 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B19 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B20 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B21 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B22 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B23 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B24 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B25 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B26 Papers, miscellaneous undated
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2B27 Papers, miscellaneous undated

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2B27 Printed documents
Printed documents, 1820-1886

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2B27 Galveston County tax lists
Galveston County tax lists, undated

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2B28 Letter presses
Letter presses, October 1854-May 1857
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2B29 Letter presses, April 1858-March 1859
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2B30 Letter press, December 1878-October 1879

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2B30 Checkbooks
Checkbooks, 1876-1887

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2B31 Diaries
Diaries, 1878-1886

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2B31 Legal notebooks
Legal notebooks, 1861-1871

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2B31 Newspaper clippings
Newspaper clippings, 1860-1887, and undated

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2B32 Envelopes
Envelopes

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2Q421 Diaries
July 19-September 8, 1854
January 1-October 16, 1857
March 3-December 21, 1858
January 1-December 31, 1859
(transcripts) January 1-December 31, 1860
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2Q422 August 7, 1861-February 22, 1862
February 23-November 17, 1862
November 18, 1862-October 20, 1864
(transcripts) October 26, 1864-December 27, 1868
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2Q423 Diary, (transcripts) 1871, 1872, 1873
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2Q424 Diary, (transcripts) 1873, 1874, 1875
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2Q425 Diary, (transcripts) 1876, 1877, 1878
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2Q426 Diary, (transcripts) 1879, 1881
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2Q427 Diary, (transcripts) 1883, 1884
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2Q428 Diary, (transcripts) 1885, 1886
"BALLINGER DIARY INDEX" see Card file drawers

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3S105 Photograph
Photograph of unidentified man

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3S144 Oversize materials
Oversize materials
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3S145 Oversize materials

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3S146 Maps
Maps (temporary location)
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OD1273 Maps (temporary location)

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