University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Winchester Family Papers, 1783-1906



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Winchester family (George Winchester, d. 1851)
Title Winchester family papers
Dates: 1783-1906.
Abstract Papers of George Winchester, attorney, judge, and state senator from Natchez, Mississippi; his nephew, Josiah Winchester, also an attorney; and other family members, reflect legal, political, social and economic affairs including slavery, the plantation system, and the post-Civil War era in the Natchez area.
Accession No. AR 85-311
Extent 14 ft., 6 in
Language English.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

George Winchester, a native of Massachusetts, moved to Natchez, Mississippi, around 1820, and became a prominent attorney, politician, Mississippi Supreme Court justice (1826-1829) and state senator (1836-1837). His nephew Josiah Winchester joined him in his Natchez law practice around 1835 and later became a judge. In 1846 Josiah married Margaret G. Sprague, a daughter of Frances E. Sprague and Sturges Sprague, a former law partner of George Winchester. Twelve children were born to the Winchesters.


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, financial records, legal documents, literary productions, maps, and printed material document the lives and careers of George and Josiah Winchester, and Josiah's family. Professional documentation reflects the legal affairs of prominent land owners, businessmen, and political figures of the Natchez, Mississippi, region and adjacent parts of Louisiana, especially Stephen Duncan, John C. Jenkins, and Wade Hampton and their families. Personal correspondence and financial records illuminate 19th-century life in the Natchez area. Social and economic issues including slavery, the plantation system, post-Civil War labor problems, bankruptcies, mortgage foreclosure sales, and claims against the United States government are reflected in the papers.


 

Organization

Organized into six series I. George Winchester papers. II. Josiah Winchester papers. III. Margaret G. Sprague Winchester papers. IV. Frances E. Sprague papers. V. Miscellaneous family papers. VI. Miscellaneous business and professional papers.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically by type of material.
Organization and arrangement pending for a portion of the papers. Contact repository for further information.

Restrictions

Unrestricted access


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Duncan, Stephen, 1787-1867.
Hampton, Wade, 1752-1835.
Jenkins, John Carmichael, 1809-1855.
Sprague, Frances E., d. 1892--Archives.
Sprague, Sturges.
Winchester, George, d. 1851--Archives.
Winchester, Josiah, 1814-1877--Archives.
Winchester, Margaret G. Sprague, 1824-1906--Archives.
Places
Louisiana--Economic conditions.
Louisiana--Social life and customs.
Mississippi--Economic conditions.
Mississippi--Social life and customs.
Natchez (Miss.)--History--19th century--Sources.
Subjects
Cotton trade--Louisiana.
Cotton trade--Mississippi.
Judges--Mississippi--Archives.
Land tenure--Louisiana.
Land tenure--Mississippi.
Lawyers--Mississippi--Archives.
Plantation life--Louisiana.
Plantation life--Mississippi.
Plantations--Louisiana--Economic aspects.
Plantations--Mississippi--Economic aspects.
Slavery--Louisiana.
Slavery--Mississippi.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Winchester Family Papers, 1783-1906, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 
box
2E903 George Winchester papers:
Correspondence:
Professional:
General:
1816-1836
box
2.325/AA14c Letter and account record, from Edward N. Rogers, March 31, 1832
Letter to N. Rogers and Sons, including legal charges owed George Winchester, June 18, 1834 1832-1834
Letter from ___ Gilbert, October 4, 1835
box
2E904 1837-1843
box
2E905 1844-1851 and undated
Josiah Winchester, 1837-1850, undated
Corporate board memberships, 1836-1846, undated
Personal:
Family and friends, 1816-1850 and undated
box
2E906 Whig political party, 1844, 1850
Trinity Episcopal Church, Natchez, Mississippi, 1835-1847
Honorary memberships, 1837-1838, 1845
Legal case correspondence, financial records and legal documents:
Mrs. F. A. Browder estate, 1830-1835, undated
John C. Jenkins, 1840-1846
General, 1823-1843, undated
box
2.325/AA14c List, "Cases as Issues for Judge Winchester," 1835
box
2E906 Financial records:
1818-1851, undated
box
2.325/AA14c Ledger sheet, account with ___ McGraw, 1848
box
2E906 Miscellaneous materials:
Joseph G. Waters notebook, [last page lists receipts of Winchester and Metcalfe, 1816 1823]
Waterloo Plantation accounting records, 1829-1834
Essays debating issues of slavery and secession of slave states, undated
Fragments, 1837, 1841 and undated
box
2.325/AA14c Survey map, "Plat of Conflicting Claims," Claiborne County, Mississippi, March 14, 1823
Survey map, portions of Washington, Mississippi, and St. Helena, Louisiana, certified in 1835 for claims of John F. Carmichael 1827,
box
2E926 Unsorted materials, [fragile and uncleaned] 1810-1848 and undated



 
box
2E907 Josiah Winchester papers:
Professional and business records:
Stephen Duncan legal matters:
Property acquisitions, financial records and legal documents, 1860-1877, undated
Bank of Mississippi case, correspondence, 1873-1879, undated
Wade Hampton and heirs, correspondence, 1855-1885
General correspondence and other materials:
1840-1869
box
2E908 1870-1884 and undated
John C. Jenkins estate:
Correspondence, 1855-1879, undated
Claim against the United States government, petition, depositions, briefs, and proceedings, 1867-1877
Financial records:
1855-1869, undated
box
2.325/AA14c Education expenses of Alice Jenkins, ledger sheet, 1868-1869
box
2E908 Jenkins children, personal correspondence, 1865-1894
Thomas B. Sprague plantation business, correspondence, 1864-1878, undated
box
2E909 Cotton factors/commission merchants, correspondence and financial documents, 1863-1881, undated
Chinese labor plan, correspondence, 1869-1879, undated
General materials:
Correspondence:
1837-1866
box
2E910 1867-1887, undated
Financial records:
1838-1878, undated
box
2.325/AA14c Ledger sheet, account with Holmes and Stockman, 1865
Ledger sheet, account with Fred Clark, 1880
box
2E910 Legal documents, 1850-1874
box
2.325/AA14c Broadside advertising blooded stock sale, Anthony Hoggatt plantation, November 23, 1855
Supplement to the New Orleans Daily Crescent, pages 5 and 6 September 17, 1859,
box
2E910 Miscellaneous notes, memoranda, and fragments, undated
box
2E911 Personal papers:
Correspondence:
Family, 1836-1881, undated
General, 1838-1879, undated
Financial records:
Tuition bills for Winchester children, 1858-1872, undated
Tax receipts, 1844-1875
General expenses, 1838-1884, undated
Miscellaneous materials:
Oath of allegiance, 1864
Memorial card, 1887
Newspaper clipping, Natchez Bar resolutions on Josiah Winchester's death, November 14, 1887
Winchester children, correspondence and other materials:
Frank Winchester, 1854-1879, undated
Virginia Winchester, 1859-1878, undated
Louisa Winchester, 1859-1877, undated
George Winchester II:
1864-1880, undated
box
2.325/AA14c Accounting record, February 27, 1880
box
2E911 Margaret Winchester, 1867-1868, undated
Josiah Winchester, Jr., 1887, 1901, 1906, undated
Sprague Winchester, 1868, 1900-1902
Robert Lee Winchester, undated
box
2E926 Unsorted materials, [fragile and uncleaned] 1830-1880, undated



 
box
2E912 Margaret G. Sprague Winchester papers:
Correspondence:
Josiah Winchester:
Letters to, 1850-1855, 1881
Letters from, 1851-1872, undated
Winchester children, 1857-1893, undated
General, 1835-1872, undated
box
2E927 Josiah Winchester, Winchester children, [fragile and uncleaned] 1853-1864, undated
box
2E912 Financial records, household expenses and clothing bills: 1842-1872, undated
box
2.325/AA14c Account bill, 1861-1862
Account bill, 1869-1870
box
2E912 Cooking recipes, undated
box
2E927 Unsorted materials, [fragile and uncleaned] 1840-1867, undated



 
box
2E913 Frances E. Sprague papers:
Correspondence:
Margaret G. Sprague Winchester:
1840-1878, 1889, undated
box
2E927 [fragile, uncleaned] 1848-1870, undated
box
2E913 General, 1831-1888, undated
Financial records:
Tax receipts, 1837-1858
General, 1836-1869, undated
Legal documents, 1838-1858, undated
Memorial card, 1892
box
2E927 Unsorted materials, [fragile and uncleaned] 1825-1860, undated



 
box
2E913 Miscellaneous family papers:
Correspondence and other materials relating to Winchester and Sprague family members:
1810-1869, 1896, 1901, undated
box
2E927 [fragile, uncleaned] 1826-1866, undated
box
2.325/AA14c Broadside advertisement for Burnett's Flavoring Extracts, Boston, Massachusetts, undated
Gleason's Pictorial magazine, Boston, Saturday, May 21, 1853



 
box
2E914 Miscellaneous professional and business legal documents, financial records, and correspondence:
1783-1822
box
2E915 1823-1827
box
2E916 1828-1833
box
2E917 1834-1838
box
2E918 1839 - June 1841
box
2E919 July 1841-1845
box
2E920 1846-1851
box
2E921 1852-1869
box
2E922 1870-1891, undated
box
2E923-2E925 Undated
box
2.325/AA14c Opinion, Mississippi High Court of Errors and Appeals, Lewis a Slave vs The State, 1847
Affidavit, Merritt M. Robinson, New Orleans, a plaintiff in a United States District Court case, 1846
Indenture for property sale, Natchez, Mississippi, 1799
Indenture for property sale, Adams County, Mississippi Territory, 1801
Indenture for property sale, Adams County, Mississippi Territory, 1804
Indenture for property sale, Port Gibson, Mississippi, 1808
Indenture for property sale, Natchez, Mississippi, 1825
Indenture for property sale, Natchez, Mississippi, 1836
Certified copy of 1815 agreement for the disposition of property in Adams County, Mississippi, styled
"Winthrop Sargent and wife to David Urquhart and others," 1845
Mercantile account record, Mrs. E. Warfield, Jr. with D. S. Goodloe, Lexington, 1845-1847
Account record, I. L. Lang? of Grand Gulf with Isaac Phillips of Philadelphia, 1835-1836
Property valuation appeal from Isaac A. Newman to the Board of Supervisors, 1870
Account record, Daniel McGraw estate, 1824-1825
Vicksburg hospital list of indigent patients with charges allowed by the court for payment to Dr. C. R. Nutt, 1832-1833
box
2E928 Uncleaned and fragile materials:
1783-1822
box
2E929 1823-1827
box
2E930 1828-1832
box
2E931 1833-1837
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2E932 1838-1840
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2E933 1841-1847
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2E934 1848-1879, 1899
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2E935-2E936 Undated
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2.325/AA14c Oversize items, 1823-1844