University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the John Twohig Papers, 1835-1944

Descriptive Summary

Creator Twohig, John, 1806-1891.
Title John Twohig Papers
Dates: 1835-1944
Abstract John Twohig, native of Ireland, was a banker and merchant in San Antonio, Texas. Papers relate to his business affairs, particularly from 1865 to 1885.
OCLC No. 21398792
Extent 2 ft., 11 in.
Languages Materials are in English, German, and Spanish.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

John Twohig was born in Ireland and ran away to sea at the age of fifteen. After coming to the U.S. he engaged in coastal trade between Boston and New Orleans before moving to San Antonio, Texas, where he participated in the Texas Revolution and later was captured by the Mexicans and taken to Perote Prison because of his actions in the Mexican invasion of 1842. Twohig escaped by tunneling out of the prison and, evading his pursuers, returned home where he built up a thriving banking business and became known for his charitable deeds.

Scope and Contents

Papers relate to the mercantile and banking business of John Twohig (1806-1891) of San Antonio, especially for the two decades after the Civil War. Included are records of his dealings with the major banks and commercial houses of the day as well as with members of the U.S. Army and with some well-known Southern expatriates. In addition the collection contains some items not related to Twohig personally such as quartermaster records for Camp Hudson (1860) and a series of letters in German, mostly from Germany, dealing with the personal affairs of several immigrants.

Papers consist of business and personal correspondence, financial and legal documents, letterpress books, military records, bank books, plat maps, and photographs and drawings arranged chronologically within series.

Miscellaneous business correspondence in Spanish. Series of personal letters in German.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Bee, Hamilton Prioleau, 1822-1897.
Chaney, A.W.
Divine, Thomas J.
Hagelsieb, William.
Johnston, Thomas D.
Kirby-Smith, Edmund, 1824-1893.
O'Sullivan, John C.
Palm, Swante, 1815-1899.
Smith, Larkin Brown.
Tivy, Joseph A., 1818-1892.
Twohig, John, 1806-1891--Archives.
Zorn, J., Jr.
Subjects (Organizations)
Madero y cia. (Monterrey, Mexico)
Pike, Brothers & Co. (New Orleans, La.)
Bankers--Texas--San Antonio.
Banks and banking--Texas--San Antonio.
Commission merchants--England--Liverpool.
Commission merchants--Mexico.
Commission merchants--Texas.
Cotton trade--Texas.
Cotton trade--Mexico.
German Americans--Texas.
Military posts--Texas.
Camp Hudson (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Eagle Pass (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Fort Duncan (Tex.)--History--Sources.
San Antonio (Tex.)--History--Sources.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John Twohig Papers, 1835-1944, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Detailed Description of the Collection



3N1 Personal correspondence, 1858-1900 and undated.
Unrelated German letters, 1866-1878.
Business correspondence:
3N2 1868-May 1872.
3N3 June 1872-1884.
3N4 1885-1944 and undated.
Miscellany and fragments, 1862-1900 and undated.
Classified correspondence:
Hamilton P. Bee, 1865-1873.
Edmund Kirby-Smith, 1865-1888.
Swante Palm, 1869-1870.
Indianola shipping, 1859-1883.
Camp Hudson quartermaster's records, 1860.
Printed Material, 1861-1886, 1936 and undated.
Telegraphic code words, 1871 and undated.
Plat maps, 1848-1886.
John Twohig, Banker, customer account books, 1873 and 1881.
Cotton and miscellaneous account books.
3N5 Letterpresses:
Number 1, 1865-1866.
Number 2, 1866-1867.
Number 3, January-June 1867.
Number 4, July-December 1867.
3N6 Number 5, December 1867-February 1869.
Number 6, February 1869-January 1871.
June-November 18[7]2.
3N7 Account book, 1864-1870 and 1881-1883.
3Y77 Photographs and drawings, 1835, 1885, and undated.
2.116/OD1223A Map of ranch in Bexar County, n. d.
2.325/V16 Oversize materials, 1847-1886.