University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Rhone Family Papers, 1886-1971



Descriptive Summary

Creator Rhone Family (Calvin Lindley Rhone, 1867-1921)
Title Rhone Family Papers
Dates: 1886-1971
Dates: 1910-1971
Abstract Papers, correspondence, business and other records of the Rhone family, African American educators and part-time farmers of Fayette County, Texas.
Extent 5 ft.
Language English
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

The family of Calvin Lindley Rhone (1867-1921) and Lucia J. Knotts Rhone (1866-1941) was a highly regarded African American family who resided in Fayette County, Texas for nearly one hundred years. Calvin and Lucia Rhone were married in 1887 and had twelve children - six males and six females - during the next twenty years. Eight children were born on a farm near Round Top, Texas and four were born near Plum, Texas. Eight of the children lived to adulthood.

The Rhones were educators and farmers, and were very involved in church activities and fraternal societies. Calvin Rhone, known as Professor Rhone, taught in Fayette County public schools for many years and served on the La Grange District Association of the Baptist Church. Lucia Knotts Rhone was also a teacher. Urissa Rhone Brown, one of the daughters, studied at Prairie View A & M College prior to a long and successful teaching career that included serving as principal of the "Colored" Round Top-Carmine High School. Other Rhone children who attended Prairie View A & M College and taught school include Lillian Rhone Jones (1888-1915), Benjamin L. Rhone (1890-1941), Charles C. Rhone (1892-1956), Calvin L. Rhone, Jr. (1896-1970) and Beulah Rhone Thompson (ca. 1902-1968). Like their father, many of the Rhone sons engaged in part-time farming. Some of the Rhone children moved to Houston, Texas. Several of the family members have been buried in the Mt. Zion Cemetary in Plum, Texas.


Scope and Contents

The inclusive dates of the papers span from 1886 to 1971, with the bulk of the material dating from around 1910 to 1971. The papers document many aspects of the family's lifestyle as well as their social and economic status. Included are personal and professional correspondence, financial records, farming records, education materials, church materials, teaching records, legal papers and photographs.

Most of the papers relate to two family units: Calvin and Lucia Knotts Rhone and Roscoe and Urissa Rhone Brown. Personal correspondence includes letters to and from Calvin Rhone and Lucia Knotts during their courtship, letters to Lucia Rhone from her children, and letters to Urissa Rhone Brown from her siblings, friends and students. Particularly noteworthy are the papers that document almost all of Urissa Rhone Brown's college education and teaching career. Financial records include mortgages and loans, tax material, and a sampling of cancelled checks, bank statements, and purchase receipts. Legal papers relate to oil and gas leases on property owned by the Rhones. Throughout the collection are documents relating to the Rhones' activities in fraternal societies such as the Knights of Pythias, Sisters of the Mysterious Ten, and the United Brotherhood of Friendship.

Very few of the 102 photographs have been identified, somewhat limiting the subject access to them. Included with the photos are cancelled checks that have prints of Fayette County banks or bank logos on them. The condition of the papers ranges from good to highly deteriorated.


 

Organization

The papers were received by the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History with no apparent arrangement. The arrangement created is by types of records, with each series or subseries arranged chronologically.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Rhone Family (Calvin Lindley Rhone, 1867-1921)
Brown, Urissa Rhone
Rhone, Calvin Lindley, 1867-1921.
Rhone, Lucia Knotts, 1866-1941.
Places
Carmine (Tex.)
Fayette County (Tex.)
La Grange (Tex.)
Plum (Tex.)
Round Top ( Tex.)
Subjects
African Americans--Texas--Fayette County
Baptist Church--Texas
Education, Higher--Texas
Education, Secondary--Texas
Agriculture--Texas
Friendly societies--Texas
African Americans--Texas--Fayette County
Baptist Church--Texas
Education, Higher--Texas
Education, Secondary--Texas
Agriculture--Texas
Friendly societies--Texas
Oil and gas leases--Texas-Fayette County
Subjects (Organizations)
La Grange District Association (Baptist Church : La Grange, Tex.)
Round Top-Carmine Rural High School (Tex.)
Giddings High School. Colored Dept. (Giddings, Tex.)
Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College (Prairie View, Tex.)
Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical College
Prairie View University
Prairie View A & M University
Texas Baptist State Sunday School Convention (Houston, Tex.)

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Rhone Family Papers were donated to the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History by George and Linda Colby of Round Top, Texas. The Colbys had purchased a farm that had belonged to the Rhones and found the papers in one of the outbuildings.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Inventory

box
3U171. Family correspondence:
Calvin L. and Lucia J. Rhone:
1. 1886-1887
2. 1906-1940
Beulah Rhone Thompson and Ted Thompson:
3. 1919, 1926, 1958-1968 and undated
Lucia U. Rhone, Benjamin L. Rhone, Calvin L. Rhone, Jr., Teodore Rhone, Harold Rhone:
4. 1914, 1926-1968 and undated
Roscoe and Urissa Rhone Brown:
5. 1917-1929
6. 1930-1949
box
3U172. Family correspondence:
Roscoe and Urissa Rhone Brown:
1. 1950-1959
2. 1960-1970
3. Undated
Miscellaneous:
4. 1915-1938
5. 1943-1965 and undated
box
3U173. Education and teaching records:
1. 1903-1950
Education and teaching records of Urissa Rhone Brown:
Educational training material:
2. 1919-July 1947
3. August 1947-August 1950
4. September 1950-1955
5. 1957-1960 and undated
Correspondence:
6. 1929-1970 and undated
box
3U174. Education and teaching records of Urissa Rhone Brown:
Round Top-Carmine High School:
Administrative records:
1. 1947-1960
2. 1960-1965
3. Undated
Financial records:
4. 1947-1970
Inquiries:
5. 1939-1970 and undated
box
3U175. Education and teaching records of Urissa Rhone Brown:
Round Top-Carmine High School:
Students' papers:
1. 1942-1950
2. 1951-1954
3. 1955-1956
4. 1957-1958
5. Undated
box
3U176. Education and teaching records of Urissa Rhone Brown:
Round Top-Carmine High School:
Interscholastic League of Colored Schools:
1. 1939-1957
2. 1960-1962 and undated
Graduation and social events:
3. 1937-1960
4. 1961-1968 and undated
Ex-students' questionnaires:
5. ca. 1955
Miscellaneous:
6. 1952-1971 and undated
box
3U177. Financial records:
Banking records:
Calvin L. Rhone, Lucia J. Rhone and Calvin L. Rhone, Jr.:
1. 1916-1970
Roscoe and Urissa Rhone Brown:
2. 1925-1963
3. 1964-1970
Bank account books:
4. 1911-1957
Billing notices and receipts:
5. 1898-1929
6. 1930-1949
7. 1950-1959
box
3U178. Financial records:
Billing notices and receipts:
1. 1960-1971
Taxes:
State, local and poll:
2. 1922-1968
Federal income:
3. 1950-1968
Mortgages and loans:
4. 1908-1970 and undated
Miscellaneous:
5. 1905-1970 and undated
box
3U179. Farming records:
1. 1935-1971 and undated
Legal papers:
2. 1900-1969
Licenses, certificates, and memberships:
3. 1927-1966 and undated
Medical and insurance records:
4. 1896-1970 and undated
Church and religious materials:
5. 1914-1920, 1954-1962
6. 1963-1965 and undated
box
4L882 Family Bible, 1899
box
3U180. Funeral material:
1. 1921-1970 and undated
Miscellaneous notes and addresses:
2. Ca. 1940-1971 and undated
3. Ca. 1940-1971 and undated
Miscellaneous printed material:
4. 1909-1970 and undated
Correspondence fragments:
5. Undated
Greeting cards:
6. 1896-1970 and undated
7. 1896-1970 and undated
box
3S53. Photographs, letterheads, and negatives:
1. AR 83-216-1 - AR 83-216-23
2. AR 83-216-24 - AR 83-216-40:
AR 83-216-037 Lucia Rhone
AR 83-216-040 Beulah Rhone
3. AR 83-216-41 - AR 83-216-73:
AR 83-216-041 Alfrieda L. Mason?
AR 83-216-046 Lucious Rhone
AR 83-216-057 Willie Thompson
AR 83-216-059 Ollie Lawrence
AR 83-216-062 "U. G. and monkey"
AR 83-216-066 Cecil McCoy
AR 83-216-073 Urissa Rhone Brown
4. AR 83-216-74 - AR 83-216-112:
AR 83-216-093 Grandchild of Mae West
AR 83-216-094 Niece of Urissa and Roscoe Brown
AR 83-216-095 Round Top, Texas - Rhone farm house, ca. 1959
AR 83-216-111 Urissa Rhone Brown
AR 83-216-112 Round Top, Texas - Rhone farm house, ca. 1975
Letterheads (Bank check engravings):
AR 83-216-101 La Grange, Texas - John Schumacher State Bank
AR 83-216-102 La Grange, Texas - La Grange State Bank
AR 83-216-103 La Grange, Texas - La Grange State Bank
AR 83-216-104 Giddings, Texas - Citizens State Bank
AR 83-216-105 Giddings, Texas - First National Bank
AR 83-216-106 Houston, Texas - Harrisburg National Bank
AR 83-216-107 Carmine, Texas - Carmine State Bank logo
AR 83-216-108 La Grange, Texas - First National Bank logo
AR 83-216-109 "Uncle Sam"
Photographs:
AR 83-216-111 Urissa Rhone Brown
AR 83-216-112 Round Top, Texas - Rhone farm house, ca. 1975
Print:
Rock of Ages
5. Negatives:
La Grange, Texas - Monument and John Schumacher State Bank, ca. 1920s
Carmine, Texas - Round Top-Carmine High School, graduation 1957
San Jacinto, Texas - Battleship Texas
box
3S117. Postcards:
Relating to Texas, St. Louis, Cleveland, Detroit, Colorado and France
box
2.325/D31C Oversize materials:
Education and teaching records, 1903-1950
Education and teaching records of Urissa Rhone Brown, 1919-1970 and undated
Licenses, certificates, and memberships, 1910-1966 and undated
box
2.325/D31C Scrapbook