University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the Richard Thompson Archer Family Papers, 1790-1919



Descriptive Summary

Creator Archer, Richard Thompson, 1797-1867.
Title Richard Thompson Archer Family Papers
Dates: 1790-1919
Abstract Starting in 1837 Richard Thompson Archer owned the Anchuca Plantation in Claiborne County, Mississippi. His family papers relate to Southern plantation economy and agriculture, slavery, family and social life in Mississippi and Virginia.
Extent 5 ft., 4 in.
Language English.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical Note

Archer, born in Virginia in 1797, came to Mississippi in 1824, married Ann Barnes (in 1833?), and settled on Anchuca Plantation near Port Gibson, Claiborne County, in 1837 and became a wealthy planter and slave-owner.


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, financial and legal documents, printed and pictorial material relate to Archer, his relatives, friends, and business associates and contain information on plantation life and economy, agricultural affairs, slaves and slavery in Mississippi and Virginia, and social life and customs in both states. Women's correspondence relates to children, clothing, education, mental and physical health, medical practices, and household affairs. Other material relates to associates in Mississippi, Virginia, and Texas, including Branch Tanner Archer (elder), William Segar Archer, the Anderson, Barnes, Cocke, Eggleston, Hobson, Johnson, and Willis families, Elijah Steele Drake, William P. Grayson, Felix Huston, and L. Masters.


 

Arrangement

Arranged primarily chronologically under document type or under alphabetical name classifications.
Forms part of Natchez Trace Collection.

Restrictions

Unrestricted.


Index Terms

Subjects
Agriculture--Mississippi.
Commission merchants--Louisiana--New Orleans.
Cookery, American--Mississippi.
Freedmen.
Lumber mills--Mississippi.
Medicine--Practice--Mississippi--19th century.
Plantations--Mississippi.
Railroads--Texas.
Slaves--Mississippi.
Slaves--Virginia.
State rights.
Places
Amelia County (Va.)--History--Sources.
Anchuca Plantation (Miss.)
Claiborne County (Miss.)--History--Sources.
Holmes County (Miss.)--History--Sources.
Mississippi--Social conditions.
Port Gibson (Miss.)--History--Sources.
Richmond (Va.)--History--Sources.
Virginia--Social conditions.
Other Authors
Archer, Branch Tanner, 1790-1856.
Archer, William Segar, 1789-1855.
Archer family.
Barnes family.
Cocke family.
Eggleston family.
Huston, Felix, 1800-1857.
Irving family.
Masters, L.
Percy family.
Willis family.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Richard Thompson Archer Family Papers, 1790-1919, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Inventory

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2E646 Richard Thompson Archer papers:
Letters written:
1831-1867 and undated
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2.325/V36 (oversize) 1841, 1856-1859
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2E646 Letters received:
1824-1847
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2E647 1848-1868 and undated
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2.325/V36 (oversize) 1837-1860
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2E647 Literary productions, speeches, public notices, petitions:
Politics, slavery, states' rights, secession:
1830, 1859, and undated
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2.325/V36 (oversize) Undated
box
2E647 Miscellaneous:
1851 and undated
box
2.325/V36 (oversize) Undated
box
2E647 Financial records:
1827-1840
Lumber mill book, 1836-1838
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2E648 1841-1867 and undated
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2.325/V36 (oversize) 1838-1865
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2E648 Immediate family:
Archer family ledger book, 1824-1845
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2E649 Ann Barnes Archer papers:
Letters written:
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3B49 Transcriptions, letters to family members, 1834-1890
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2E649 1834-1868, 1878, 1889-1890, and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1842
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2E649 Letters received:
1847-1890 and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1868-1869
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2E649 Financial records:
1860-1892 and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1867-1872
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2E649 Abram Barnes Archer and family papers:
1848-1857
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2E650 1858-1897, 1910, and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1848, 1858-1868
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2E650 Mary Catherine [Chastain?] ("[Marie?]") Archer papers, 1848-1863, and undated
Jane R. ("Jennie") Archer papers, 1850-1891 and undated
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2E651 Ann Maria ("Tap") Archer Irving and family papers:
1848-1898, 1907, 1919, and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1858
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2E652 Elizabeth Barnes ("Lizzie") Archer Percy and family papers
1855-1900, 1912-1915, and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1877-1878
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2E652 Branch T. Archer (younger), Esther Bell ("Essie") Archer, and Richard T. Archer (younger) papers, 1855-1858, 1866-1910, and undated
Stephen Cocke Archer (elder), Catherine C. Voss Barnes Archer, and Mary [Chestain?] Cocke Archer papers:
1822, 1831-1845
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1843-1845
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2E652 Edward Stephen ("Ned") Archer papers:
1850-1865 and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1856, 1862
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2E652 Relatives and business associates:
Jane S. Archer Anderson and Joseph B. Anderson letters, 1840-1860
Branch Tanner Archer (elder) letters, 1850-1855
Fanny T. Archer letters, 1840-1866
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2E653 William Segar Archer letters, 1830-1855? and undated
Miscellaneous Archer correspondence, 1790, 1839-1866
Monro Banister, W. J. Barksdale, and Thomas Giles letters, 1842-1854, 1865
Barnes family papers:
1812-1835, 1848-1867
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1840
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2E653 William Burke and C. G. Burke letters, 1846-1848
A. T. Burnley, R. Triplett, and Philip Triplett letters:
1824-1831, 1855
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1843-1844
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2E653 Cocke family papers, 1794, 1827-1854, and undated
Davis family letters, 1839-1867
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2E654 Downing family correspondence 1822, 1834, 1853-1865?, 1879, and undated
Elijah Steele Drake papers, 1870, 1886-1898
J. M. Dyer letters, 1851-1867
Alfred O. Eggleston family and Robert J. Townes family letters, 1843-1859 and undated
Everard M. Eggleston and Harriet B. Sayer Eggleston family letters, [1837?], 1845, 1856-1868, 1881, 1884
Stephen A. Eggleston letters, 1848-1854 and undated
Stephen R. Eggleston letters:
1851-1859
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1859
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2E654 William T. Eggleston and Fanny P. Eggleston papers:
1828-1853, 1867, and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1841-1842, 1847
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2E654 Miscellaneous Eggleston correspondence:
1830, 1848-1866, 1882-1886
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1853-1855
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2E654 William Saint John Elliot letters, 1832-1849
George England and Maria England letters, 1852-1854
[S.?] C. Farrar letters, 1845-1861
Richard W. Flournoy and John C. Smith letters, 1840-1843
Thomas W. Flowers letters, 1856-1857
Christopher Ford and Edward Ford letters, 1839-1848
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2E655 Samantha M. ("Mantha") Gilson Bowman and Horatio C. Gilson letters, 1850-1867, 1889, and undated
William P. Grayson and E. F. Grayson papers:
1861-1866
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1861 and undated
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2E655 Gunnis-Winter family letters, 1844, 1866-1886, and undated
John B. Harvie letters, 1842-1846 and undated
H. J. Henington letters, 1857-1860 and undated
Hobson family letters, 1837-1865
William H. Holcombe letters, 1860-1862, 1879
Felix Huston family correspondence, 1843-1857, 1866, 1884
Johnson famly letters, 1850-1858, 1886
Henry K. Jones and James Alfred Jones papers, 1845-1848 and undated
John M. McDougall and Dan M. McDougall letters, 1866-1870 and undated
Mason family letters, [1861-1865?] and undated
L. Masters letters, 1848-1854 and undated
Maury family letters, 1866-1869, 1885-1886
James Marynard letters, 1843-1852 and undated
Jeremiah Morton letters, 1839-1854
John W. Powell letters:
1859-1867
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1866
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2E655 Randolph family letters, 1839-1862
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2E656 George William Shelton papers, 1850, 1863-1866, and undated
F. R. [Southmayd?] letters, 1865-1867 and undated
William R. Stuart letters:
1866 and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1866
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2E656 William G. Thompson letters, 1848-1849
Vertner family letters, 1839, 1870, 1877, and undated
Wharton family letters, 1853-1873, [1880-1889?]
Willis family papers:
1796-1828, 1842-1854, 1868, 1899, and undated
(oversize) 1812
Charles Wise letters, 1852
Miscellaneous family letters, 1806-1869, 1880-1899, and undated
Unidentified and fragmentary letters, 1854-1865, 1886, and undated
Prominent cotton factors' and commission merchants' papers:
1837-1869
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2E657 1870-1883
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1844-1873
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2E657 Legal documents:
1792, [1825?]-1886, and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1847 and undated
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2E657 Recipes, directions, and prescriptions, undated
Slaves and freedmen, 1828, 1844-[1851?], 1867-1871, 1889, and undated
Railroads:
1855-1866 and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1855, 1859
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2E657 Printed material:
1866, 1871, and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1848-1860, 1878-1881
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2E657 Miscellaneous:
1859-1871 and undated
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2.325/V38 (oversize) 1857 and undated
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3Y90 Photocopies of pictorial letterheads
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TXC NTC-ECDB1.3 Richard Thompson Archer Family Ephemera Collection