University of Texas Arlington

Josie Green Washington Papers:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Washington, Josie E. Green, 1903-1995.
Title: Josie Green Washington Papers
Dates: 1944-1961
Abstract: Josie Eugenia Green Hamilton Washington, an African American home economics educator in Dallas, Texas, taught in Dallas schools for more than forty years. She first taught at Booker T. Washington High School and then at Lincoln High School from 1939 until her retirement in 1971. She was also very active in activities at the Munger Avenue Baptist Church; in her sorority, Kappa Zeta, the Dallas chapter of Zeta Phi Beta; the Dunbar Social Club Woman's Auxiliary; and the Maria Morgan Branch of the YWCA of Metropolitan Dallas. Papers contain programs, minute book, calendars, scrapbook, photographs, manual, and final examination. The collection contains Zeta Annual Birthday Calendars which include advertisements of African American businesses, the names and birth dates of the sorority sisters, candid photographs of families (infants to young teenagers) of the sorority members' children, and dates of importance to the sorority. There is a scrapbook of Zeta memorabilia, 1944-1947, and a minute book of the Kappa Zeta Chapter, 1951-1955. Included is a formal color portrait of Washington as a young woman and a few items from her years at Lincoln High School, as well as a teaching procedures manual, a final examination, and commencement programs.
Identification: AR404
Extent: 2 boxes (0.70 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries

Biographical Note

Josie Eugenia Green Washington was an African American school teacher in Dallas, Texas, for well over forty years. She was born on June 21, 1903 in Hillsboro, Texas, the only child of Mrs. Sammie Hadley and Mr. Tom Green. As a youngster she attended public school in Hillsboro and graduated from Prairie View Academy and later Peabody High School in Hillsboro. Her parents arranged for her to attend Prairie View State Normal Industrial College, graduating in the late 1920s. She received the Bachelor of Science degree and majored in Home Economics, specifically sewing and related skills.

Following her graduation from college, she married Booker T. Hamilton and moved to Chicago, Illinois. The marriage was unsuccessful, and she returned to Hillsboro where she obtained her first teaching position in DeKalb Public School District. After teaching for a short time in the Hillsboro all black high school, she was able to obtain a position in the Dallas Independent School District. Her first assignment during the 1930s was at the all black Booker T. Washington High School where she continued teaching Home Economics. In 1939, the Dallas Independent School District opened the new Lincoln High School. Mrs. Washington was one of the original twenty-six teachers to be assigned to that career, retiring from Lincoln and D.I.S.D. in 1971. Her service to Lincoln High School and its students alone was for a period of some thirty-two years.

Josie Green Washington was completely involved in her sorority, Zeta Phi Beta, Incorporated, to which she pledged at Prairie View A&M. Founded in 1920, the Zetas were the third largest of the all-black sororities, following the oldest, Alpha Kappa Alpha and Delta Sigma Theta. She was most active during the 1950s and 1960s; was an officer for eleven years; and was named a Life Member in 1958, a prestigious honor.

The Washingtons were socially active as well. Her husband, W.G. Washington, owned a barber shop and cafe in north Dallas (the State Street-Thomas Avenue area). While her husband's religious affiliation was at St. Paul Methodist Church, one of the oldest African American Methodist congregations in Dallas, her strong religious upbringing was rooted in the Baptist church. She was a member of the fourth oldest Baptist congregation in Dallas, the Munger Avenue Baptist Church. Other organizations in which Green was involved included the Dunbar Social Club's women Auxiliary, an organization which presented middle class debutantes and second only to her beloved sorority, and the Maria Morgan Branch of the YWCA of Metropolitan Dallas, the oldest African American branch in the city of Dallas.

Sources:

  • Interview with Mr. Alphonso Blair, Executor of the Josie Washington estate, September 21, 1997.
  • Interview with Mrs. Lucille McGaughey, Sorority sister and fellow Life Member of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., September 25, 1997.
  • Obituary of Mrs. Josie Green Hamilton Washington.
  • Archives of Prairie View A&M University. Prairie View, Texas.

Scope and Contents

Papers contain programs, minute book, calendars, scrapbook, photographs, manual, and final examination. The collection contains Zeta Annual Birthday Calendars which include advertisements of African American businesses, the names and birth dates of the sorority sisters, candid photographs of families (infants to young teenagers) of the sorority members' children, and dates of importance to the sorority, and its members as there were several programs from performances given by classical singers, classical pianists, and literary readings. There is a scrapbook of Zeta memorabilia, 1944-1947. It contains photographs from newspapers and magazines and souvenir programs of prominent sorority members and events. There is a minute book of the Kappa Zeta Chapter, 1951-1955. A formal color portrait of Washington as a young woman is included in the collection. Also included are a few items from her years at Lincoln High School; a teaching procedures manual, a final examination, and commencement programs.


Organization

The Josie Green Washington Papers are arranged in three series:


  • Series I. Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Incorporated, 1944-1961. 0.40 linear ft. (1 document box, 27 folders). Arranged alphabetically. Primarily composed of printed materials which include applications and newsletters, certificates, correspondence, magazines, Boule programs, business reports, financial receipts, histories, meeting agenda, minutes/record book, pledge materials, event programs, reports on business and committee meetings, and charts.
  • Series II. Professional/Social Life, 1948-1961. 0.05 linear ft. Arranged alphabetically. Composed primarily of academic reports, examinations, teaching procedure guides, event programs relating to Lincoln High School, the Clio Art Club and an event program from the Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Incorporated.
  • Series III. Scrapbooks, Newspapers, and Calendars, 1949-1956. (1 oversize box). Arranged by subject and date. Composed of calendars which list black owned businesses, birthdays of members, and sorority events; newspapers (full issues of Dallas Star Post, Dallas World Press, Southern Regional News--an internal sorority publication); and the fragile contents of a pledge scrapbook which contains the list of officers at the national and local levels, history, cut-out photographs of important people within the hierarchy of the sorority.

Restrictions

Access

Open for research.


Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
Washington, Josie E. Green, 1903-1995--Archives.
Washington, Josie E. Green, 1903-1995--Pictorial works.
Organizations
Zeta Phi Beta. Kappa Zeta chapter (Dallas, Tex.)
Subjects
African American women--Texas--Dallas--Archives.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

Administrative Information

Citation

Josie Green Washington Papers, AR404, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.

Acquisition

Purchase, 1995.


Administrative Information

Grant Support

The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.


Container List

Series I. Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., 1944-1961

Box Folder
1 1 Applications and Newsletters, 1959
Contains blank membership applications for the National Council of Negro Women, a Zeta Phi Beta newsletter, and an application for purposes unknown.
2 Boule Chapter Directory, 1947
Listing of all Zeta chapters, addresses, and top local officer.
3 Boule Programs, 1957
Outline of activities, opening address by the Grand Basileus at this convention. Business advertisements, churches and lodges.
4 Boule Programs, 1959
5 Business Reports, 1955, undated
Progress reports on sorority events, including some financial data and committees.
6 Certificate, 1955
Certificate of Zeta membership.
7 Correspondence, 1959, undated
Contains letters between the Grand Basileus and chapters, memoranda relating to financial business, congratulatory letter relating to success of Blue Revue, a letter from Basileus to Tamias.
8 Financial Receipts/Kappa Chapter, 1955
Handwritten receipts to members for dues.
9 Finer Womanhood Week, 1944, 1947, 1949, 1950
A program presented annually by the national body of chapters as well as the Kappa chapter. Includes programs from the events over four years--the honoree in 1944, related topics during the subsequent years.
10 Histories, undated
Handwritten and printed (by mimeograph or typewriter) histories of Zeta Phi Beta sorority in various forms--abbreviated or long.
11 Magazine, Annual Conference /Southern Region, 1947
News magazine recounting the business and social news of the southern region of Zeta chapters specifically. Includes photos of members.
12 Magazine, The Archon, 1948
Extent (1 item)
Internal sorority publication of chapter news and member news items. Photographs are included. Average length of magazine is approximately 50 pages on gloss paper. Black and white text based. Some advertisements, but very sparse. Also includes an editorial page, letter from the Grand Basileus, occasional article of national civic, political or social interest.
13 Magazine, The Archon, 1949
Extent (1 item)
14 Magazine, The Archon, 1950
Extent (1 item)
15 Mazagine, The Archon, 1951
Extent (1 item)
16 Magazine, The Archon, 1952
Extent (1 item)
17 Magazine, The Archon, 1957
Extent (1 item)
18 Meeting Agenda, 1955
Kappa Zeta chapter notes and printed meetings agenda.
19 Minutes/Record Book, 1951-1955
Minutes including financial dues information and roll of members in Kappa Zeta chapter. Detailed and handwritten in ink.
20 Miscellaneous Notes and Speeches, 1947, 1950
Speeches handwritten and notes for the preparation of speeches. The occasions are unidentified, but the texts suggest they are related to Zeta, specifically Kappa Zeta, events.
21 National Rituals, 1960
Mimeographed copies of sorority song and prayer.
22 News Clippings, 1947, 1950, 1952, 1956, undated
Clippings on members from The Dallas Express; Mrs. Pearl C. Anderson in The Dallas Times Herald; Ms. Marie King (publication and date unavailable); Mrs. M.L. Boyd (publication and date unavailable); "Zeta Blue Revue" (publication and date unavailable); "Zeta and N.A.A.C.P" (publication and date unavailable, 2 copies).
23 Pledge Materials, 1947
Essay by Josie Washington on "Why I Want to be a Zeta," in her handwriting. Notes for a speech are partial.
24 Program Notes, undated
Handwritten notes for compiling program events relating to Zeta functions. Event specifics are not indicated, but event plans are pencil written.
25 Programs-Public Meetings and Events, 1947, 1951-52, 1959
Program booklets which outline the agenda, purpose, course, and procedure of public meetings held by the Zetas, Kappa Zeta chapter.
26 Reports on Business and Committees, 1956-57, 1959
Contains reports to the national and by the national offices on the financial and administrative business relative to committees, fund raising and other special functions.
27 Sociogram, undated
Two communication charts comprise this folder. They are drawn in pencil and ink, indicating arrows, directions and lines of communications and the names of the parties communicating.



Series II. Professional and Social Life, 1948-1950

Box Folder
1 28 Clio Art Club, 1959-1961
Extent (1 item)
Club yearbook which contains the club motto, list of meetings, hostesses for meetings, calendars of birthdays, colors, flower, bylaws and constitution. Note that club was founded in 1910. No verification of this date, but if factual is older than the Priscilla Art Club.
29 Lincoln High School, 1950, 1959, undated
Extent (6 items)
Academic reports, procedures for making button-holes, child guidance forms, DISD Teaching Procedures Memorandum (1950); Student Drop List (1959); and a student's Home Economics final examination.
30 Lincoln High School Event Programs, 1948-1950
Extent (5 items)
Programs from school functions, specifically Commencement (1948, 1950); Declamation Assembly (1951); Finer Womanhood Week (1950), Football Banquet (1950).
31 Phi Beta Sigma Banquet Program, 1948
Extent (1 item)
Program which includes progression of the evening's events, i.e. address, song, prayer, pledge, song. Male brotherhood to the Zeta Phi Beta Sorority.
32 Social Notes and Miscellany, undated
Handwritten notes. The author or intention of of the material is unknown and not discernible. The contents of the notes seem relevant to the operations of the Kappa Zeta chapter.



Series III. Scrapbooks, Newspapers, and Calendars, 1944-1956

Box Folder
OS331 1 Scrapbook, 1944-1947
Extent (1 item)
Very brittle and fragile condition. Includes pledge service program (1946); poems, prayer, song, formal color portrait of Josie Eugenia Green Hamilton Washington (circa 1930s); photos of honorees, list of officers and members of Kappa Zeta chapter, cut-out photos of national members, programs from other chapter events, Zeta "Women of the Year" cut-out photos, Finer Womanhood Week, programs of cultural events, public relations rules for meetings, programs from out of town events. Boule programs, souvenir programs which include advertisements by black businesses, photos of members and their families, fraternity brothers, and fraternity "sweet hearts."
2 Newspapers, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1956
Extent (4 items)
Contains internal publications and community newspapers in complete issue forms. The Southern Regional News (1949); Dallas World Press (1951); The Southern Regional News (1952); Dallas Star Post (1956, but is very fragile).
3 Calendars, 1950, 1952, 1956-1959
Extent (6 items)
Contains 2 calendars with blue paper covers in fragile condition (12 ½ × 10). Include listings and advertisements of black owned business in the Dallas-Ft. Worth area, primarily Dallas. They represent the three major black neighborhood conclaves during the period. Also included are photos of children and infants on each page of the month. Throughout the calendar are notations of members' birthdays. Other calendars increase in size over the years, measuring 18 3/4″ × 12 1/2; 12 3/4″ × 16 1/2; 12 1/2″ × 12; and the remaining two (1958 and 1959) measure 15 1/2″ × 11″ in diameter. The calendars in later years are on gloss paper, suitable for hanging.