Eugene and Theodore Debs Papers:
Eugene Victor Debs was born in 1855 in Terre Haute, Indiana and began working for the railroads, first as a painter and then as a fireman, at the age of 14. In 1875, Debs helped to organize a local lodge of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and became a significant figure in national labor unions and labor causes. He was also a prominent member of the Socialist Party of America and ran for President of the United States on the Socialist ticket in 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, and 1920. In 1918, Debs was arrested for making a famous anti-war speech protesting World War I. He was convicted on war-time espionage charges for making the speech and was sentenced to a 10 year prison term, which he began serving in 1919. Debs received a pardon from President Harding in 1921 and was released from prison. He returned to Terra Haute, Indiana and remained active writing articles and making speeches until his death in 1926.
This collection contains correspondence, 1912-1944; photographs, 1893-1919; a memorial button, 1927; and printed material, 1974-1975. The correspondence, six original letters and typed copies of several unpublished letters, is from Eugene Debs and his brother, Theodore, and is addressed primarily to Frank Holl and C. F. Anderson. Also included are typed copies of Eugene Debs' poems, writings, and an article about him. The photographs are of Eugene Debs, Frank Holl, the Holl Range, and a room interior. The button commemorates the First Annual Debs Memorial. The printed material includes booklets on the Eugene V. Debs Foundation and home, and a bibliography of material about Debs and his writings that are located in the Vigo County Public Library in Terre Haute, Indiana.
Open for research.
Eugene and Theodore Debs Collection, AR185, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.
Gift, 1968, 1969.
The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.