University of Texas Arlington

Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union. Local 4-228 (Port Neches, Tex.)
Title: Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records
Dates: 1949-1986
Abstract: Founded in 1933, the International Association of Oilfield, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America, Local 228 was originally comprised of workers at the Pure Oil Company's refinery at Smith's Bluff and the Texas Company refinery in Port Neches, Texas. After name changes and mergers, the local became known as the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 in 1955.
Identification: AR385
Extent: 3 boxes (0.83 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries

Historical Note

The union was chartered on September 22, 1933, with approximately 150 members. At that time it was known as Local 228 of the International Association of Oilfield, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America (later referred to as the Oil Workers International Union). The principal purpose of the union was to gain recognition as the collective bargaining agent for the employees at Pure Oil Company's Smith's Bluff refinery and at the Texas Company refinery in Port Neches.

The National Labor Relations Board threw out a company union at Pure Oil in 1938, an action that was upheld by the court the following year. In November, 1939, an NLRB election was held. The Oil Workers International Union won this election 152 to 110. The subsequent contract signed with Pure Oil was the first ever to be obtained without a strike. The OWIU won (by a vote of 296 to 118) an election held at the Texas Company, and Local 228 was certified there on March 31, 1941.

During the years of the second World War, the membership of Local 228 increased, and the workers were given better wages and working conditions. Further improvements were achieved as the result of a nationwide strike of oil workers in 1945 and again in 1947. A convention to approve a merger of the independent oil unions with the Oil Workers International Union was held on June 1, 1954. The merger officially took place in February, 1955, with the formation of the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW). The unification necessitated the attachment of district designations to the old local numbers. As a result, OWIU, Local 228 became OCAW, Local 4-228. During the 1950's and 1960's the OCAW increased its political activities through participation in the Committee on Political Education (AFL-CIO) and through involvement in local political contests. The minutes in this collection trace the history of Local 4-228 from 1965-1986.

Sources:

Dixon, Donna Sue Beasley. A History of OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas (M.A. thesis, Lamar State College of Technology, 1970).

O'Connor, Harvey. History of Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO). Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO). Denver, Colorado, 1950.


Scope and Contents

The records consist entirely of photocopies of minutes of meetings of OCAW, Local 4-228. These both continue and close gaps in the local's minutes that are in collection AR64.


Organization

Records consist of 33 folders of minutes arranged in chronological order.

Restrictions

Access

Open for research.


Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related opics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Organizations
Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union. Local 4-228 (Port Neches, Tex.)--Records and correspondence.
Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union. District 4--Records and correspondence.
Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union--Records and correspondence.
United Steelworkers--Records and correspondence.
Subjects
Oil industry workers--Labor unions--Texas--History--Sources.
Labor unions--Texas--Port Neches--History--Sources.
Places
Port Neches (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Alternate Titles
Texas Labor Archives

Related Material

AR25: Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records

AR64: Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records

  • Dixon, Donna. A History of OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas (M.A. thesis, Lamar State College of Technology, 1970).
  • OH129 Pevoto, Floyd (oral history transcript).


Separated Material

Minutes of Local 4-228 (1934-1969) are on microfilm. (M8, reels 1-4)


Administrative Information

Citation

Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records, AR385, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.

Provenance

The original minutes for OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas, were donated to the Texas Labor Archives, Special Collections Division, The University of Texas at Arlington Library on August 24, 1992. The local, however, requested these documents be ret8urned for use in a lawsuit in September, 1994. The materials was photocopied at that time, and the original documents were returned as requested.


Administrative Information

Grant Support

The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Box Folder
1 1 Minutes January - October, 1949



Box Folder
1 2 Minutes, 1965



Box Folder
1 3 Minutes, 1966



Box Folder
1 4 Minutes, 1967



Box Folder
1 5 Minutes, 1968



Box Folder
1 6 Minutes, 1969



Box Folder
1 7 Minutes, 1970



Box Folder
1 8 Minutes, 1971



Box Folder
1 9 Minutes, 1972



Box Folder
1 10 Minutes, 1973



Box Folder
1 11 Minutes, 1974



Box Folder
1 12 Minutes, 1975



Box Folder
2 1 Minutes, 1976



Box Folder
2 2 Minutes, 1977



Box Folder
2 3 Minutes, 1978



Box Folder
2 4 Minutes, 1979



Box Folder
2 5 Minutes, 1980



Box Folder
2 6 Minutes, 1981



Box Folder
3 1 Minutes, 1982



Box Folder
3 2 Minutes, 1983



Box Folder
3 3 Minutes, 1984



Box Folder
3 4 Minutes, 1985



Box Folder
3 5 Minutes, 1986