University of Texas Arlington

International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, Local 180 Records:

A Guide

Descriptive Summary

Creator: International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 180 (San Antonio, Tex.)
Title: International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, Local 180 Records
Dates: 1936-1960, 1971
Abstract: Records document the activities of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, Local 180 of San Antonio, Texas and include clippings, photographs, flyers, printed material, reports, correspondence, and financial ledgers. Many materials pertain to the strike of the Tex-Son factory by Local 180 in 1959. The strike was marked by violent episodes and supporters from across Texas rallied to support the strikers.
Identification: AR30
Extent: 10 folders (0.63 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Historical Note

The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) represented workers in the women and children's apparel industries. Local 180 was the local affiliate of the ILGWU in San Antonio, Texas and participated in strikes against garment manufacturers in 1936 for better working conditions and against the Tex-Son Company in 1959 due to the outsourcing of labor. The Tex-Son strike was marked by violent episodes and supporters from labor unions across Texas joined in strike and solidarity activities. The picket lines at times even included children protesting alongside their mothers. Tex-Son management refused to budge and the strike finally came to an end in 1961.

Scope and Contents

Records are comprised of photographs, correspondence, financial records, clippings, handbills, and an article. Materials document the Tex-Son Strike of 1959 and include photographs, clippings, handbills, and correspondence. Photographs depict bloodied stikers; children picketing; and supporters from other labor unions joining the strike. Correspondence is comprised of communications from the Tex-Son Strike Committee and the Tex-Son Negotiating Committee of the ILGWU, Local 180, as well as the San Antonio AFL-CIO Council; and correspondence of strike leader and manager of the San Antonio Joint Board of the ILGWU, George Lambert. Other correspondence is with the ILGWU district and national offices. The article, "ILGWU in Texas 1930-1970," is by George N. Green and was published in the Journal of Mexican-American History (1971). There are also photographs of ILGWU leadership and group photos as well as a photograph of Merle Zappone and San Antonio garment workers in jail during the 1936 strike.


Materials are arranged in 10 folders by document type and therein chronologically.
Series I. Correspondence and Strike Materials, 1942-1960 (2 folders)
Series II. Photographs, 1936-1961, undated (1 folder)
Series III. Financial Records, 1949-1957 (3 folders)
Series IV. Clippings and Articles, 1959 (3 folders)
Series V. Miscellaneous, 1956-1959, undated (1 folder)



Open for research.

Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 180 (San Antonio, Tex.)--Records and correspondence.
Bell Garment Manufacturing Company--History--Sources.
Labor unions--Texas--San Antonio--History--Sources.
Strikes and lockouts--Texas--San Antonio--History--Sources.
Strikes and lockouts--Texas--San Antonio--Photographs--Sources.
Tex-Son Strike, San Antonio (Tex.)--1959.
San Antonio (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Alternate Titles
Texas Labor Archives

Administrative Information


International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, Local 180 Records, AR30, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.


Gift, 1973.

Administrative Information


The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.

Container List

Series I. Correspondence and Strike Materials (2 folders) 1942-1960

Box Folder
1 1 Correspondence, 1942-1960
2 Tex-Son Strike Materials, 1959-1960

Series II. Photographs (1 folder) 1936-1961, undated

Box Folder
1 3 Photographs, 1936-1961, undated

Series III. Financial Records (3 folders) 1949-1957

Box Folder
1 4 Financial Records, Daily Receipts and Disbursements, 1949-1951
5 Financial Records, Income and Disbursements, 1956-1957
6 Financial Records, General Accounts Book, 1952-1957

Series IV. Clippings and Articles (3 folders) 1959, 1971

Box Folder
2 1 Clippings, Tex-Son Strike, February-July 1959
2 Clippings, Tex-Son Strike, August-September 1959
2a George N. Green, ILGWU in Texas, 1930-1970, Journal of Mexican American History, Spring 1971

Series V. Miscellaneous (1 folder) 1956-1959, undated

Box Folder
2 3 Miscellaneous, 1956-1959, undated