University of Texas Arlington

Adina de Zavala Papers:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: De Zavala, Adina
Title: Adina de Zavala Papers
Dates: 1878-1964
1878-1907
Abstract: Adina de Zavala was the granddaughter of Lorenzo de Zavala, a prominent figure in early Texas history. She was heavily involved in efforts to preserve historical Texas sites and landmarks throughout her life. The Adina de Zavala Papers contain correspondence, manuscripts, literary works, printed material, and ephemera that document her preservation activities and her interest in Texas and family history.
Identification: GA16-17
Extent: 2 boxes (0.83 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English and Spanish.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Biographical Note

Adina Emilia de Zavala was the granddaughter of Lorenzo de Zavala, vice-president of the Republic of Texas in 1836, and Emily West de Zavala. Adina de Zavala was born on November 28, 1861, on Zavala Point located on Buffalo Bayou, just across from where the famous San Jacinto battle took place, winning independence for Texas. The family estate where she was born was the land her grandfather owned when he first came to Texas in 1835. Before coming to Texas, Lorenzo de Zavala had served Mexico as a governor, a senator, a minister of the Treasury, a minister to France and helped write and signed the Mexican Constitution of 1824. His opposition to Santa Anna's control of the Mexican government resulted in his flight from Mexico and his eventual settlement in Texas. Bringing with him his higher education, political and diplomatic skills, linguistic abilities and his love of democracy, Lorenzo de Zavala came to Texas more than qualified to contribute to the Revolution and the Republic of Texas. He played a large part in writing the Texas Constitution of the Republic of Texas and was elected the ad-interim vice-president of the Republic. This was the heritage, spirit, and family legacy into which Adina de Zavala was born. It is obvious from a study of her life that she was blessed with the same zeal and spirit as her grandfather. To know him is to understand her. To look at Adina de Zavala without knowing who her grandfather was would result in an incomplete portrait of her.

Adina de Zavala was the eldest of six children born to Augustine and Julia Tyrell de Zavala. She learned to read at an early age, and her favorite subject was history. She attended school at Ursuline Academy at Galveston and then continued her education at Sam Houston Normal Institute. She earned a teaching certificate in 1881 and taught briefly in Terrell and then in San Antonio until she resigned in 1907 to provide more time to her preservation endeavors.

Her contributions to Texas are varied. They begin with an interest in Texas history and her family history at a remarkable early age. She is most well known for her preservation of historic sites in Texas, such as the property surrounding the Alamo mission site today, which includes the walls and long barracks. Other preservation projects include the Spanish Governor's Palace in San Antonio, other mission sites, the grave site of Ben Milam and the homes of Jose Antonio Navarro and Francisco Ruiz, the only two native Texans who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.

Adina de Zavala's most publicized preservation activities surrounded her efforts to purchase the grounds around the Alamo mission. The old mission itself was owned at the time by the state of Texas. She received an option from the property owners, Hugo-Schmetizer. They planned on selling the grounds to hotel developers when her option ran out. This critical state of affairs led her to partner with Clara Driscoll, who put up the initial money to extend the option on the property. The controversy that followed is called the "Second Battle of the Alamo." The custody of the Alamo was then turned over to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, and a rift split the organization into two camps, one lead by Adina de Zavala. Her faction insisted on restoring the walls and barracks in their original location. In order to keep the area from being destroyed and cleared for a park, Adina de Zavala barricaded herself in the barracks in protest. She stayed there for three days without food, stating she would "never surrender." An agreement was reached, and she emerged as the "Angel of the Alamo."

Other historic preservation contributions were made by Adina de Zavala in and around San Antonio. In 1889, she founded the Texas Historical and Landmarks Association, which was devoted to "recording the unique history and legends of San Antonio and the vicinity; and preserving and marking historic places in the city." The goals of the group were to keep the "memory of great deeds and heroes alive in the hearts of Texans." This group merged with the Daughters of the Republic of Texas when it was formed in 1892. The De Zavala chapter was organized with Adina de Zavala serving as local president. When the controversy over the leadership of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas erupted, a rival group called the Alamo Mission Chapter was formed in opposition to Adina de Zavala and the De Zavala chapter.

In addition to her many preservation efforts, Adina de Zavala found time to serve as the history editor of a newsletter, the Interstate Index in 1919. She wrote many articles and pamphlets concerning the history of Texas. Her published works include History and Legends of the Alamo and Other Missions in and Around San Antonio and The Texas Year Book.

Adina de Zavala was a charter member of the Texas State Historical Association. She was appointed to the Texas Historical Board by Governor Pat Neff. She served as a member on the State Centennial Committee in 1936 and worked on the San Antonio Bicentennial Celebration in 1923. Adina de Zavala was awarded a citation by the San Antonio Conservation Society on March 2, 1931, for years of diligent service in marking historical sites. She was also a member of numerous associations, clubs and committees; all committed to the memory and preservation of the history of Texas.

Adina de Zavala never married. She reserved her passion for the many projects she undertook to keep the spirit of the past alive. Her collection reflects her dedication to and her zeal for the state of Texas. She died on March 1, 1955, at 93 years of age.

Sources:


  • Ables, L. Robert. "The Second Battle for the Alamo." Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Vol. LXX (January 1967), pp.372-413.
  • Crawford, Ann Fears. "Preserver of the Texas Heritage." Women in Texas. (Burnet, Texas: Eakin Press, 1982), pp. 164-175.
  • De Zavala, Adina. History of the Alamo and Other Missions in San Antonio (San Antonio: n.p., 1917).
  • De Zavala, Adina. Story of the Siege and Fall of the Alamo, A Resume (San Antonio: n.p., 1911).
  • De Zavala, Adina. The Margil Vine (San Antonio: n.p., 1916).
  • Howard, Pearl. "Southern Personalities: Adina de Zavala." Holland's Magazine. Vol. LIV (1935), n.p.
  • Looscan, Adele B. "The Work of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas in Behalf of the Alamo." Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Vol. VIII (July 1904), pp. 79-82.

Scope and Contents

The Adina de Zavala Papers are contained in two manuscript boxes totaling 0.792 linear ft. There are four series consisting of thirty-nine folders.

Series I consists of handwritten letters that Adina de Zavala received from various individuals from 1878 to 1957. There are fourteen folders covering these dates. Much of the correspondence is in response to her requests for information about her grandfather, Lorenzo de Zavala; her family history; and the battle of San Jacinto. She also received replies concerning her inquiries into the land grant her grandfather received in 1829 from the Mexican government which was later transferred in 1830 to the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company. Other correspondence refers to her interest in the preservation of the Alamo chapel and other historic areas. The formation of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas organization is also mentioned throughout the series. The vast numerous personal letters from family members and friends provide a rich resource which reflect her interests. Since these letters are arranged chronologically, they give a unique time-line of Adina de Zavala and the issues with which she was concerned.

The second part of this series contains five folders of correspondence from specific individuals. These five folders are arranged alphabetically and the contents are in chronological order. The first of these folders holds the letters of John Henry Brown and date from April 1886-July 1889. John Henry Brown was a historian, writer, editor, and justice of the peace in Dallas, as well as the mayor of that city. He freely gives Adina de Zavala advice, although they never met. His letters are highly opinionated concerning Texans, past and present. The next folder contains letters from Oran M. Roberts, who served as governor of Texas, Texas Supreme Court Judge, and was a law professor at the University of Texas. His correspondence contains legal advice concerning the recovery of the land grant that once belonged to Adina de Zavala's grandfather, Lorenzo de Zavala. The third folder contains the correspondence of Victor Rose, another editor and writer of Texas history. His letters to Adina de Zavala urge her to become the associate editor of a Texas magazine that he is producing. He wants to use her name along with his in his new publication.

The next folder contains the letters from a close friend, Edmund Schmitt, a Catholic priest and writer. His letters concern a book he was writing. He was seeking to use her as a resource in the writing of the book. The last folder in this series contains correspondence from Adina de Zavala's uncle, Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr., who was present at the Battle of San Jacinto and served as an interpreter after the surrender of Santa Anna. These letters were written from July 1878 to June 1895 and they concern family history and the Battle of San Jacinto.

All the correspondence in each folder is arranged chronologically. Separate folders contain undated material, correspondence fragments, dated envelopes from 1889 to 1933, and undated envelopes.

Series II contains literary works written by Adina de Zavala or works collected by her. They include a legend, with photographs, of the famous Lone Oak Tree of New Braunfels and a published pamphlet about the Six Flags of Texas written by Adina de Zavala. This series has original handwritten and typed manuscripts produced by Adina de Zavala. These manuscripts contain editing comments for publication. Several of the original manuscripts have been identified in published works. Many original manuscripts of legends, stories and articles appear in this series. There is also a folder of manuscript fragments. There are two published poems and some original manuscripts of poetry, neither of which were written by Adina de Zavala. These poems were collected by her. There is no standard arrangement for these folders.

Series III contains newspaper clippings dating from 1905 to 1964. The general miscellaneous clippings are from 1905 to 1949 and cover a variety of events, including the Alamo project, the Texas Centennial, the Alamo flag, the Governor's Palace, the Alamo bells, and the East Texas missions. These clippings are arranged chronologically. Extensive clippings from 1962-1964 were collected concerning the establishment of De Zavala Park. These chronological clippings reflect the legal struggles for and opposition to the opening of the park. Several clippings about Adina de Zavala appear in the last of the clipping folders. This series is also arranged chronologically with the undated articles at the back of the folders.

Series IV of the collection is a miscellaneous series. There are deeds from Bexar and Wilson counties dated 1828 to 1834. They are the English translation of the originals and are not the original official copies. This series contains an undated map of Mexico City. There is material concerning the Daughters of the Republic of Texas organization with mementos of events. Also included are legal documents regarding the purchase of the Alamo property and the legal papers filing suit against Adina de Zavala in the Daughters of the Republic of Texas leadership controversy. There is an ephemera folder which contains railroad passes, membership cards, business cards, leaves from the Texas Centennial celebration, and religious cards. The last folder of this series is a collection of letters between Ralph Yarborough and Louis Lenz written in 1960 to 1964 concerning the creation of the Lorenzo de Zavala Park. The correspondence between these two men reflect the efforts by each to get the De Zavala Park established. These letters were not sent to or received by Adina de Zavala as she was deceased by that time. Included in that correspondence are notes and family data on the de Zavala family. The letters are arranged chronologically, but the remainder of the series is not arranged in any particular order.


Organization

Series I is arranged chronologically within each folder. The final five folders of the series contains letters from specific individuals. These folders are arranged alphabetically according to the indivdual and the contents of each folder are arranged chronologically. Series II is not arranged according to any particular order. Series III is arranged chronologically. Series IV is not arranged according to any particular order with the exception of the final folder, the contents of which are arranged chronologically.
Series I. Correspondence (23 folders)
Series II. Literary Works (7 folders)
Series III. Newspaper Clippings (3 folders)
Series IV. Miscellaneous (6 folders)

Restrictions

Access

Open for research.


Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Index Terms

Persons
De Zavala, Adina, 1861-1955--Archives.
Zavala family--Archives.
De Zavala, Lorenzo, Jr., 1814-1893--Archives.
Brown, John Henry, 1820-1895--Archives.
Lenz, Louis, 1885-1967--Archives.
McArdle, Henry Arthur, 1836-1908--Archives.
Roberts, Oran Milo, 1815-1898--Archives..
Rose, Victor M., d. 1893--Archives.
Schmitt, Edmond J. P. (Edmond John Peter), 1865-1901--Archives.
Yarborough, Ralph Webster, 1903-1996--Archives.
Zavala, Lorenzo de, 1788-1836.
Organizations
Daughters of the Republic of Texas.
Subjects
Alamo (San Antonio, Tex.)--History--Sources.
Alamo (San Antonio, Tex.)--Poetry.
Historic preservation--Texas--Sources.
Historic sites--Preservation--History--Sources.
Mexican American Women Authors--Archives.
Parks--Texas--Harris County--History--Sources.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

Related Material

The Center for American History on the University of Texas at Austin also has a collection of Adina de Zavala Papers containing correspondence. The New Handbook of Texas will be useful to the researcher in identifying individuals mentioned in the collection.

Administrative Information

Citation

Adina de Zavala Papers, GA16-17, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.

Acquisition

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins Garrett. President Wendell Nedderman negotiated the donation and Francis Morris acknowledged the collection, 1974.


Administrative Information

Processing

The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" projects, 2014-2015.


Container List

Correspondence (23 folders), 1878-1957

Box Folder
GA16 1 General, 1879-1889
Contains 17 letters from family members and friends including one letter from her grandmother, Emily West, the second wife of Lorenzo de Zavala. Correspondence between other family members is also present. Many letters pertain to requests for family information and the family's interest in reclaiming land that was once a part of an original land grant owned by Lorenzo de Zavala.
2 General, 1890
Contains 5 letters from family members and lawyers, an enclosure, a newspaper advertisement and 3 pages of a rough draft concerning concerning the return of the de Zavala estate and power of attorney.
3 General, 1891
Contains 13 letters from family and friends, many of which concern issues pertaining to the family land grant claim. Other letters are from A. McKinney; James W. Truit, concerning the Esparza family who was present at the Alamo; Gale B. Roberts; Robert Gould, responding to inquires; and James Truit, concerning the death of his son. Also included is one returned letter written by Adina de Zavala to Col. R. M. Potter, secretary of the Navy during the Republic.
4 Corrrespondence-General 1892-1893
Contains 9 letters from friends addressed to Adina de Zavala and a person named Harry. The letters include a sympathy letter from Mother Agnes upon hearing the news of the death of Adina de Zavala's father and a letter from F. R. Lubbock, an ex-governor of Texas, advising Adina de Zavala to call on other government agencies. Other letters from Lubbock appear to be replying to requests for employment for either Adina de Zavala or her sisters. Also present in this folder are letters addressed to a person named Harry from Peggy Brown.
5 General, 1894-1899
Contains 8 letters from friends including more letters from Peggy Brown (relationship unknown) and a letter from the Daughters of the Republic of Texas concerning dues paid. Notable is a note from Elisabet Ney, renown sculptress, and a reply made by Adina de Zavala.
6 General, 1900-1901
Contains 11 letters from friends and family and 2 pages of family data and includes the following. A letter addressed to "sister" with no signature relays family history. A letter from Lee C. Hasby encourages Adina de Zavala to continue her quest for obtaining Alamo relics and to restore the Alamo to its 1936 condition. A letter from Alice McCormack from Gavelston written September 16, 1900 describes the hurricane that hit the island a few days prior and its aftermath. A letter from Jas. Jeffrey Roche, writer and editor, encloses a contribution for the "Galveston sufferers." A note from Adina de Zavala to her sister contains 2 enclosed pages of family history. One letter from Chas. T. Lummis concerns an engraving of Father Schmitt. A letter from Missouri Shrive concerns eligible members for a new chapter of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas in Goliad. The last item is a letter from the family of Ben Milam regarding a request for a picture of him to be used in a monument.
7 General, 1902
Contains 6 letters. One letter is from Marie B. Urwitz, chairman of the Executive Committee of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. The letter is written on DRT stationery to a Mr. Fuller in regards to the Old Stone Fort. Another letter relates to a financial contribution and encourages the DRT to continue saving historical landmarks. One letter is written to Adina de Zavala asking for help in paying rent. Another letter enclosed a contribution to go towards preservation. It is addressed to Mr. Stevens, chairman of the Committee on Missions. Also included in the back of the folder are two examples of the form letter sent by the DRT with their accompanying envelopes. The form letter is a chain letter asking for donations of 25 and 50 cents to preserve the missions in San Antonio.
8 General, 1903-1906
Contains 10 letters related to historic preservation. The folder contains letters from the American Catholic Historical Society; a postcard from Adina de Zavala to her mother; a letter from ex-governor Lubbock to Mary de Zavala; and a postcard requesting a "clear picture" of the Alamo. Note the letter to Adina de Zavala from the DRT explaining their decision concerning the custody issue over the Alamo. Two letters are from J. C. Ethridge with a brief history of her grandfather, J. P. Jones, who fought at San Jacinto. The last item is a letter from Theodore Dress from the Sacred Heart Church.
9 General, 1907
Contains 22 letters. Most of the letters concern the Daughters of the Republic of Texas controversy over custody of the Alamo and the official leadership of the organization.
10 General, 1908-1909
Contains 6 letters, most of which relate to the Alamo controversy. One letter is a report on the Monument Fund from La Grange, Texas.
11 General, 1912-1919
Contains letters and postcards. One letter is from the Dublin Progress publisher, J. S. Daley, concerning Adina de Zavala's fight for the "cradle of liberty." Note the index card that is a certificate of copyright registration for Adina de Zavala's book, History and Legends of the Alamo and Other Missions in and Around San Antonio. Several letters are sympathy notes to Adina and Mary de Zavala upon the death of their mother, Julia, in 1919.
12 General, 1925-1929
Contains 7 letters. The first letter is from Mary de Zavala to her brother, Augustine, concerning the sale of family land. Other letters refer to the efforts of Adina de Zavala to save the Governor's Palace in San Antonio. One letter is from Madie Mitchell concerning historic landmark preservation in Refugio. A picture of the Nuestra Senora de la Limpia Concepcion bell is enclosed. A letter from the American Social Registry president, A. R. Keller, requests membership listings to be included in a directory. A Christmas card from Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Denney from 1928 is in the folder. A letter from Mother M. Evanglist was written to Adina de Zavala after a visit to San Antonio. The last letter is from Elise Dittlinger asking for her report to be returned to her. Apparently, the report was not returned as it seems to be the one in Series II, folder 1 concerning the Live Oak Tree of New Braunfels.
13 General, 1931-1938
Contains 13 letters. Included is a bill from J. S. Broyles, Civil Engineer, for $2.50 to Mary de Zavala, which she has refused to pay. One letter requests information about a boat that sunk on the LaVaca. Several other letters request or provide information about missions. There is one enclosure from San Felipe High School in Del Rio, Texas, typed in Spanish. One letter is from the Philippine Island missionaries asking for financial aid to help native missionaries. There is a letter from M. P. Blank written from Athens, Greece, dated 1937, relating his trip abroad. A thank you letter is written from the Southern Messenger thanking Adina de Zavala for her article on the "Liberty Bell of Texas." Most letters are typed.
14 General, 1940-1957
Contains 10 letters and 3 postcards, most of which are personal letters from friends checking on de Zavala's health. One letter is from Dr. Walter Spiess concerning conditions in post-war Germany in 1947. The folder also contains a copy of the famous Travis letter and 2 printed sheets called "Texas Week," from 1949. More stationery types of paper appear in this folder. Jack Adams, the nephew of Adina de Zavala, writes his aunt with comments. Three postcards from the 1950's are included. These postcards are the last correspondence received by Adina de Zavala before she died in 1955. The last item in the folder is dated after her death. It is a form letter sent to Texas State Historical Association members of which she was a member and concerns a bill before the Texas legislature to provide adequate and permanent housing for the archives of Texas.
15 General, undated
Contains 7 items of unrelated correspondence. One Christmas card, one handwritten card, a list of individuals who wrote Adina de Zavala, and a letter concerning pictures and captions to be used in describing Lorenzo de Zavala and his homesite. The file also contains a sample of an Alamo Monument Fund donation card with the accompanying envelopes. A letter explaining the purpose of the fund is also present. The last letter is from The Guadalupe Guild to "any generous Catholic" requesting financial contributions.
16 Fragments, 1855-1900
Contains 13 pages of letter fragments. There is a series of 8 pages that are written by Thos. Jenkins, and signed, "your affectionate husband." They are addressed to "my dear Emily." Some of the pages appear to be a journal or diary entry. The folder also contains 2 pages of a description of the Mexican government and Santa Anna's power. It continues with details of the Battle of San Jacinto and the part that Deaf Smith played at San Jacinto. There is a note at the end of the second page stating that the writer is Lorenzo de Zavala. The last 2 pages in the folder are notes, the subject of which are difficult to determine.
17 Dated Envelopes, 1889-1933
Contains 16 envelopes with 11 addressed to Adina de Zavala, one to her brother, Augstine, and one to her mother, Julia. Three are addressed to Mr. J. Mackin. A variety of postmarks are found on the envelopes, such as, New York, Washington D. C., Merida, Mexico. Most are postmarked from San Antonio. The return addresses on the envelopes reveal the senders to be from the Office of the U.S. Marshal; The Texas State Treasurer's Office; De Shields and Haislip, Fine Footwear for Gentlemen; Hildreth Mfg. Co., Solid Gold Rings; H. A. McArdle; The White House; and the City of San Antonio.
18 Envelopes, undated
Contains 22 undated envelopes. Thirteen are envelopes from the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, De Zavala Chapter with the uncanceled 2 cent stamp attached. All are addressed to females with just their name, city and state. The rest are of various sizes. One has French stamps. Several envelopes have notes written on them. One envelop has comments about DRT trouble such as, "Traitors and Land Thieves," and about the "bolting of the fraudulent and illegal body." Another envelop is labeled "strictly private."
19 John Henry Brown, April 1886-July 1889
Contains 13 letters from John Henry Brown, who was a historian, newspaper editor, soldier, legislator, justice of the peace, and mayor of Dallas from 1885-1889. All letters are written to Adina de Zavala. There is only one letter written in 1886. The other 12 letters are all written from January 1889 to July 1889. John Henry Brown is responding to Adina de Zavala's request for advice on communicating with Victor M. Rose, a historian, editor and poet. Brown addresses Adina de Zavala as "my dear child." He cautions her to only discuss historical information with Rose. The letter is marked, "confidential." He refers to his own published historical works and makes statements as to the high regard in which he holds her grandfather, Lorenzo de Zavala. In other letters, he is asking for information on the history of the de Zavala family. He is also interested in having a picture of Lorenzo de Zavala to be used in a biography of Lorenzo de Zavala. His comments of praise and esteem of Lorenzo de Zavala and his family are numerous. The back of letter number 8 in the folder has a draft of a letter by Adina de Zavala to Brown. She is requesting a picture of him. His letters mention that they have never met.
20 Oran M. Roberts, March 1884-March 1893
Contains 13 letters from Oran M. Roberts, who was a governor of Texas, jurist and law professor. The first letter to Adina de Zavala states that he is pleased that she has a teaching position in Galveston. He encourages her to "not forget in your zeal, that the highest position that a woman can adorn is to be some good man's wife." He proceeds to advise her on what kind of person to look for to marry. The second letter congratulates her on her new teaching position in San Antonio. The next 11 letters are all in reference to his helping Adina de Zavala prosecute a claim for her grandfather's land. The letters reflect his efforts as a law professor at the University of Texas. He states his influence with state legislators. The back of the third letter has a letter drafted by Adina de Zavala to Oran Roberts. Roberts advises her to come to Austin and personally meet with legislators. In each letter, he updates her as to the progress of her claim. He reports information he has uncovered concerning the transfer of the land to a New York company. Roberts located some papers in the hands of an attorney, M. Street, in Galveston. The papers were found to contain the original transfer of the land and signed by Lorenzo de Zavala. Roberts considers the papers and transfer authentic. He asks Adina de Zavala to send him any papers or proof for the claim she is making on the land. Otherwise, it appears the transfer was legal and there was no evidence that her grandfather retained any interest in the land after the transfer. He states that the Zavala family have no legal claim to the land. The letters abruptly stop.
21 Victor M. Rose, 1889
Contains 6 letters. Five are addressed to Adina de Zavala from Rose. One letter is from Patricio de Leon of San Patricio. Victor Rose was a historian, editor and poet. Rose is requesting some family information concerning Lorenzo de Zavala. He refers, in his first letter, to having met and talked with Juan Seguin in Laredo. He continues to compliment the de Zavala family throughout his letters. He requests a photograph of Adina de Zavala and encourages her to get all the information she can about her uncle, Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr., who was present at the Battle of San Jacinto. Rose offers her an opportunity to be "associated" with him in establishing a journal about Texas. He encourages her to join him because it would "make you a famous and worthy descendant of the illustrious Zavala." The flattery of her talents and praise for her family is paramount in the last of his letters. On the back of one of his letters, she has written a draft of her reply. She reluctantly declines, but sends him a list of San Antonio citizens interested in reading about Texas. The last letter is written to Victor M. Rose from Patricio de Leon of Victoria, Texas. This last letter is in response to information concerning material on early Texas and is to be used in a book by Rose. De Leon refers to the value of Spanish translations of books about Texas.
22 Edmond Schmitt, 1900-1901
Contains 13 letters or note cards from Edmond Schmitt, a writer and Catholic priest who had moved to San Antonio. Schmitt died in 1901, so these notes to Adina de Zavala were written the year he died. References to his declining health are made throughout his correspondence. Most of the notes are thanking Adina de Zavala for doing things for him in regards to his historical writings. Other notes are asking her to get items for him or check on details he has listed. One note is acknowledging the honor bestowed upon him by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas to serve on the Committee on Historical Research.
23 Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr., 1878-1895
Contains 8 letters and one translation into English from Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr., from Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. The letters are addressed to Adina de Zavala. Three letters are written in Spanish with one of them having a typed translation into English. Most of these letters are replies to Adina de Zavala for family history and information. The second letter is personal. The third letter contains a lengthy description of his father, Lorenzo de Zavala, which is her grandfather. He also mentions that Mr. John Henry Brown sent him a newspaper containing a biographical sketch of his father that had been written by Brown. Another letter, written in 1889, is a photocopy and includes a picture of what appears to be Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr. He refers to H.A. McArdle, the painter and sculptor, having requested a picture of himself. Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr., mentions that McArdle is working on a painting of the surrender of Santa Anna. The painting is to depict surviving veterans of the San Jacinto Battle. A later letter, written in 1890, is in response to a request for information concerning the administration of her grandfather's estate. He explains to her that the estate matter was settled and that he received no money or land from his father's estate. Adina de Zavala has mentioned to her uncle that she is learning Spanish and he writes to her that he is pleased. The last three letters are written in Spanish, with only one of them translated into English. The last letter includes information about the Battle of San Jacinto and the capture and surrender of General Santa Anna. Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr., served as a translator for Sam Houston after the battle. The letter ends abruptly as he tells her that his health is not good.



Literary Works (7 folders)

Box Folder
GA17 1 Literary Works, 1890-1928
Contains a short article about Lindheimer Park and The Lone Oak Tree of New Braunfels. Includes three photograghs of the tree from 1890, 1917, and 1928.
2 Published Pamphlet, 1900
Contains a published pamphlet by Adina de Zavala entitled, The Six National Flags Which Have Floated Over Texas.
3 Original Manuscripts of Published Works, undated
Contains original manuscripts by Adina de Zavala of her published works. These have the original editing comments. Includes two chapters of her book about the Alamo and other missions. Manuscript is entitled, "Legends of Mission de Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion de Acuna." These are found on pages 116-117 in her book about the Alamo. Her book, published in 1917, contains the editing changes that can be seen in pencil in these original manuscripts. The folder also contains two typed copies of a legend called, "The Balanced Rock," published in the July 1936 edition of Mary Immaculate. Very poor condition, paper brittle.
4 Original Manuscripts of Legends, undated
Contains original manuscripts that are typed and handwritten. Titles include, "The Alamo,""How the Huisache Received It's Blooms,""Missions of San Antonio,""Origins of the Red Bird,""Punishment of Don Satanus,""Enchanted Rock,""Balanced Rock,""Duck Pond,""Mission de la Cabras,""Save the Palace,""Legend of the Mysterious Lake,""Legend of the Waterspout," and "The Virgin Mary and the []." Manuscripts are written or typed on the back of various company letterheads and other business paper. Manuscripts are in poor and fragile condition.
5 Original Manuscript Fragments, undated
Contains incomplete articles. One lengthy manuscript fragment is written in Spanish and does not appear to be the handwriting of Adina de Zavala. Some are titled, others are untitled.
6 Poems and Legends not by Adina de Zavala, undated
Contains poems and legends collected by Adina de Zavala but not written by her. Includes "Hairless Harry;""Origin of the Mockingbird, A Legend of Texas;""The Glory of the Alamo and the Sword of Travis," by Chas. H. Goffe: "Legend of the Weeping Willow;""A Legend of Irish Lakes;""The Legend of the Shells," by Alva Clay B.; "Mission of Saint Geronimo, Near Chihuahua," by Matthew Arnold; "To a Songbird," by Mary K. de Zavala and "War Mothers" by Grace Noll Crowell. These poems are generally in good condition with just a few in poor condition.
7 Two Published Poems Collected by Adina de Zavala, 1810, undated
Contains "The Poetical Works of Thomas Campbell," printed in 1810, which is in very fragile condition; and "The Alamo" by Loenidas Y.Y. Printed in Houston, Texas by Gray's Printing Office, undated.



Newspaper Clippings (3 folders), 1905-1964

Box Folder
GA17 8 Clippings-Miscellaneous, 1905-1949
Contains articles on the Alamo (1905), the Texas Centennial (1933), the Alamo flag (1933), Clara Driscoll (1934), the Governor's Palace (1937), and the Alabamba-Coushatta Indian Reservation (1949). Undated clippings appear at the back of the folder. These newspaper articles are in good condition considering their age.
9 Clippings-de Zavala Park, 1962-1964
These articles relate to the proposed de Zavala Park. They reflect the controversy over the opening of the park stating the opposition to and proponents of the park. Note the stamp on the back of most of these articles: From the Library of Louis Lenz. He was a Texana collector, and these articles appear to have been collected by him.
10 Clippings-de Zavala sisters, 1908-1935
Contains 5 items. The first item, printed in 1908, is a full page presentation of 3 people, one of which is Adina de Zavala. The article about her is entitled, "Defender of the Alamo," and is about her fight to keep the Alamo chapel intact. A picture of her accompanies the article. The backside of the page contains 12 political cartoons. The paper is in poor condition. The second item is a 4 page folded paper printed in 1919 called, The War Saver. The back page has an article about Mary de Zavala, the sister of Adina de Zavala. A picture of Mary de Zavala accompanies the article. The article is entitled, "Descendent of Texas' Friend is Patriotic," and details her efforts in the War Savings Campaign. The 4 page newspaper is printed for the War Savings Societies. The third item in the folder is a copy of the address delivered by Adina de Zavala at a convention banquet of the National Council of Catholic Women. It is printed in The Southern Messenger. The article is entitled, "Pathfinders of the Southwest." Her speech was about Spain's influence and culture in the New World. She points out the efforts of the Catholic Church and its role in establishing missions in Texas. A picture of Adina de Zavala accompanies the article. The last 2 items in the folder are duplicates of an oversized, full page reproduction from the San Augustine Tribune issue of March 12, 1936. The article was originally printed in Holland's Magazine, December 1835. In addition to a personal bio of Adina de Zavala, the lengthy article covers her preservation efforts of the Alamo and the Governor's Palace. Her activities in the founding of historical societies are also highlighted.



Miscellaneous (6 folders)

Box Folder
GA17 11 Deed Records, 1828-1834
Contains 7 pages of copies of deed records from Wilson and Bexar counties. These are translations of recorded deeds from the Spanish government to Maria Calvillo. The records include the signatures of Juan Seguin and Jose Falcon, certifying information concerning the land. These pages are typed copies made from the original copies.
12 Map, undated
Contains one map of Mexico City with an index of 30 sites in the city. Personal notations are written on the map. Map is in fragile condition.
13 Daughters of the Republic of Texas, 1904-1908
Contains 3 cards from the De Zavala Chapter of the Texas Historical and Landmarks Association. Each has a miniature Texas flag made of silk and pinned through the card. There is a San Jacinto Patriotic Ball dance card given by the De Zavala Chapter of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, April 21, 1904. The dance card contains a list of the waltzes and two-steps to be played. The card contains no signatures. The folder also contains 2 donation pledge cards for the Alamo Mission Fund. The next item is a letter from the president of the D.R.T., Mrs. Anson Jones, and dated April 3, 1907. This letter explains the situation concerning custody of the Alamo and the conflict between Clara Driscoll and Adina de Zavala. The next item is a printed letter from the D.R.T. inviting members to the annual meeting to be held in Beaumont. The letter contains a proxy voting form for members to fill out and return. The controversy over changing the by-laws and constitution of the D.R.T. are discussed in the letter. The next 3 printed items are undated. The first is a letter from the Alamo Mission Chapter of the D.R.T. requesting members to attend a meeting at the Alamo to discuss "beautifying the Alamo property." The second printed page is an advertisement for the sell of sterling silver Alamo souvenir spoons. Money was being raised to pay for the efforts to save the Alamo. The last item in the folder is a copy of an article from Junction City, entitled, "Valuable Relics of the Republic of Texas." The article is about Captain W. J. Cloud and his donation of relics to the D.R.T. There are handwritten notations on the back of the sheet about John W. Cloud I.
14 Legal Documents, 1907-1914
The folder contains 2 legal documents and a legal response to the suit. The first document relates to the purchase agreement for the Alamo property. The transactions are typed and signed by G. Schmeltzer on September 24, 1908. The document outlines the contacts and agreements made between Adina de Zavala and Schmeltzer. The records agree to give Adina de Zavala the first option to purchase the Alamo property for $75,000.00. The end of the document contains five signatures swearing to the validity of the signatures made by Schmeltzer. A notary public seal is attached.
The second document is a three page citation with a District Court seal, issued in July 1907, in Harris County, to Adina de Zavala, from the D.R.T. as the plaintiff. The D.R.T. issued an injunction against Adina de Zavala and others for unlawfully taking charge of the affairs of the D.R.T. and declaring themselves the "Executive Committee." The document states that Adina de Zavala is the "leading spirit" in the confederation to redirect the rent to be paid on the Alamo. The last document is a seven page legal response by the defendant to the charges. The defendants claim their actions concerning the election of officers, to be legal. Background material on the formation of the D.R.T. is given.
15 Ephemera, 1893-1905
The folder contains six railroad passes issued for 1905 on the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Ry.; the Texas Central Railroad; the San Antonio and Arkansas Railroad; the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad; and the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway. The folder also contains two business cards, one from Cut-Rate Furniture Company in Houston with a shopping list on the back; another from George O'Byrne, attorney-at-law, from San Francisco. Also included is a small folded container for Himrod's Asthma Cure; ticket stubs from San Antonio to Galveston on the Sunset Route; one envelop with a paper flower from the Ball at Metropolitan Opera House, April 29, 1889; one envelop of leaves from the grand stand at the Washington, Centennial Celebration on March 29, 30, and May 1, 1889. Both envelops are pre-printed with the return address for the U.S. Marshal. There is a religious card, an Easter card, a marriage invitation from Katherine Tyman and Hugh Rice, a small envelop with seventeen signatures cut out from letters. One signature is from Edmund Schmitt. Only two signatures are dated from 1885-1890. The last item in the folder is a printed notice addressed to Adina de Zavala. The notice is written in Spanish and appears to be a death announcement for Caroline Patron de Zavala. It is dated November 15, 1893, and is from Merida, Yucatan.
16 De Zavala Park Correspondence, 1960-1964
Folder contains five letters between Ralph Yarborough and Louis Lenz. Four letters are from Louis Lenz to Ralph Yarborough in regards to historical monuments and, more specifically, his interest in the passage of a bill in the Senate and House, creating De Zavala Park, located on the Lorenzo de Zavala homesite across Buffalo Bayou. Lenz states that opposition for the park comes from Albert Thomas but that Governor Connally is in favor of the park opening. There is one letter from Ralph Yarborough to Lenz, thanking Lenz for his support of the park and reports that the bill has passed the Senate. The folder also contains a one page typed update on the De Zavala Park effort, giving reasons why Lorenzo de Zavala should be so honored. The next three pages are a handwritten de Zavala family history, with a breakdown of genealogical data. All three pages have the stamp of Louis Lenz. The last page is a brief hand-printed report on Lorenzo de Zavala.