University of Texas Arlington

McKinney and Milam Family Papers:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: McKinney Family.
Title: McKinney and Milam Family Papers
Dates: 1766-1902
1830-1890
Abstract: The McKinney and Milam Family Papers contain materials including correspondence, land surveys, plat maps, legal and financial documents, and printed material pertaining to early Texas settler Collin McKinney and his family and friends. The McKinney family became early settlers of the Wavell colony in Northeast Texas, then part of Mexico, in the early 1830s. Collin McKinney represented the area as a delegate to the General Convention held at Washington-on-the Brazos in March of 1836 and served on the committee that drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico. He later served several terms in the Republic of Texas Congress before relocating his family to Grayson and Collin Counties. McKinney’s daughter, Eliza Serene McKinney Milam, and her husband, Texas land surveyor Jefferson Milam, nephew of Benjamin Milam, also figure prominently in the Papers.
Identification: GA3-6
Extent: 4 boxes (1.66 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Biographical Note

Collin McKinney was born on April 17, 1766, in the British Colony of New Jersey. He was destined to be a citizen of six different governments before his death in 1861 at the age of ninety-five.

When a small boy, Collin moved with his family to Virginia where his father had been granted bounty lands for his service in the American Revolution. While in Virginia, the young Collin barely escaped capture by Indians (See Lois Garver, The Descendants of Collin and Daniel McKinney, P.1.) By 1780, the McKinney clan had moved on to Kentucky where they remained until 1824.

In 1794, while living in Lincoln County, Kentucky, Collin met and married Amy Moore. Collin and Amy had four children, two of whom died within a week of their mother in 1804. Only Ashley and Mary (called Polly by the family) lived to adulthood.

Collin remarried in April of 1805, his second wife was Betsey Leek Coleman (born May 2, 1786 in Virginia). Collin and Betsey had seven children, six of whom lived to adulthood.

By December of 1824, Collin McKinney, his brother Daniel, and both their families were settled on the Red River in Hempstead County, Arkansas Territory. They located their lands a few miles below Fulton. Collin left some personal business in Kentucky in the hands of some of his family members, namely: John Frye, Archibald Burton, Betsey Akin, and Isaac Denton. The business was a debt owed to Collin McKinney and the widow and heirs of his brother Ebenezer McKinney by Thales Huston. Discussion of the Huston debt is prominent in most of the letters Collin received from Kentucky. He did not collect on this debt until after Huston's death in 1856.

In 1826, Collin McKinney met Benjamin R. Milam and his nephew Jefferson Milam. Benjamin R. Milam was to become a close friend, and Jefferson Milam a beloved son-in-law of Collin McKinney. (See Garver, p.95 for the story of the love affair between Ben Milam and Anna McKinney, and also Jeff Milam and Eliza McKinney.) Benjamin R. Milam was agent for Arthur G. Wavell, an Englishman, who had been given an empresario grant by the government of Mexico to settle colonists in what was to become the northeast part of Texas. Milam told McKinney of the generous land policies of the Mexican government, and all the McKinneys immediately began surveying tracts in the Wavell Colony.

In 1828 and 1829, Collin served as a Justice of the Peace in Lafayette County, Arkansas, and officiated at the marriages of his children Margaret, Amy, Anna Caroline, and William McKinney.

By 1830, Collin and most of the other McKinneys were established in the Wavell Colony. At this time, Collin signed the Register of the Wavell Red River Colony and took his citizenship oath; he was now a citizen of the Republic of Mexico. For the next five years, Collin McKinney continued his work as a planter and merchant (he bought orders of goods in New Orleans or Arkansas for other people and delivered it to them for a fee.)

On March 1, 1836, Collin McKinney attended the General Convention held at Washington-on-the-Brazos. McKinney attended the convention with four other delegates from Red River, one of whom was Richard Ellis (Ellis was a close friend and many of his letters remain in the McKinney Family Papers.) On March 2, 1836, the convention passed, without amendment, the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico. Collin McKinney served on the committee, headed by George Childress, which drafted the Declaration. As the eldest member of the convention, Collin was presented with the pen used in signing the document and it has passed subsequently to the youngest grandson of each generation of McKinneys.

When Collin arrived home from the convention, he spent the summer months recruiting men, money and supplies to be donated from Red River County for the Texan Army. In September of 1836, Collin McKinney was elected to the House of Representatives of the first congress of the Republic of Texas. McKinney served on the Committee on Claims and Accounts for the first session of Congress and was very busy. Collin was again elected to Congress in the fall of 1837. He did not serve in the third congress. However, he spent much time and money assisting Captain David Sample, who was a Texan surveyor working with the joint U.S.-Texas contingent to survey the eastern boundary of Texas and the Sabine River.

In 1839, Collin McKinney was elected to the fourth congress of the Republic of Texas. There was, however, a contingent within congress that felt that the Red River delegates should not be seated due to the fact that their citizenship was still in dispute between Arkansas and Texas. Collin was allowed to attend Congress, but it was 1858 before it was finally determined that Red River County lay well within the Texas boundary.

Collin McKinney ceased to hold political office after that fourth congress, but he still managed to wield considerable political influence for years afterward. Collin remained close friends with many political figures of Red River County, such as Richard Ellis, J.W. Throckmorton, and E.H. Tarrant.

In 1842, Collin McKinney was instrumental in forming the first Disciples of Christ Church in Texas at Hickman's Prairie, Bowie County. He was, at age seventy-six, the first elder of this church.

By 1846, the McKinney clan had moved again and were settled in northern Collin and southern Grayson counties. "From 1844 to 1846, Collin McKinney acted as a guide for people coming from Kentucky and Tennessee to settle in North Texas. He made eleven of these trips on horseback." (Roy F. Hall, Collin County; Pioneering in North Texas, p.219.) By this time, Collin McKinney was almost eighty years of age.

Collin McKinney and his family became closely associated with the town of Mantua, although the town of McKinney and Collin County bore his name.

At his death in 1861, Collin McKinney was, against his will, a citizen of the Confederate States of America and most of his grandsons had already joined the Confederate Army. Betsey McKinney out lived her husband by a year and died, blind, at age seventy-six. Collin and Betsey, as well as most of their children, are buried in what is known as the "McKinney four acres" section of the Van Alstyne cemetery.

Collin McKinney was a hard working, healthy man who lived his life to the fullest. He was also generous, kind and never refused a favour to anyone in need. He is remembered fondly by his descendants and the people of Texas.

Eliza Serene McKinney Milam, whose papers also figure prominently in this collection, was the youngest daughter of Collin McKinney, and the wife of Jefferson Milam. She was born Eliza Serene McKinney on July 20, 1813, most likely in Kentucky, and she married Jefferson Milam on February 24, 1831.

For the first several years of their marriage, Eliza and Jeff lived with her parents, Collin and Betsey McKinney. This was due to the fact that both Jefferson Milam and Collin McKinney were away from home on business most of the time during these years.

Jefferson Milam was the surveyor for the Wavell Colony and, in December of 1837, he was appointed Surveyor General of Red River County by Republic of Texas president Sam Houston. Because of these surveying duties, Jeff was away from home much of the time and Eliza and the children stayed with her parents. It was 1840 before the Milams were finally settled on Jeff's original headright grant in what is now southeastern Bowie County.

Jefferson Milam died November 26, 1844, and left Eliza, at age thirty-one, with seven children and one on the way. Elizabeth Jefferson Milam was born seven months after her father's death (she was called Bettie or Bettie Jeff by the family.) Eliza and her children moved with the McKinneys to Grayson and Collin counties in 1846.

All five of Eliza's sons enlisted in the Confederate States Army at the start of the Civil War. Archibald William Milam died at home from wounds received in battle. Evidently his foot had been injured, but he would not let them amputate and he was sent home to recuperate. He finally consented to amputation and died a few months later. Collin McKinney Milam was detailed home to procure a wagon for use by the C.S.A. and evidently spent the duration of the war as a procurement officer near home. Benjamin Rush Milam lost a finger but quickly recovered. Robert Ashley Milam was severely injured in the hip and stayed in the hospital for several months. After recovery, he was deemed unfit for active duty and reassigned to the Chief Procurement Officer Purchasing Beef Cattle in Dallas, Texas. George Scott Milam (twin of Robert Ashley Milam) seems to be the only one of the five who spent the entire was far from home. He was a scout for Company D of the 6th Texas Cavalry.

Eliza's later years were filled with fond letters from her seven children. Her daughter Laura and son-in-law Joseph Matthews were the most faithful correspondents, but letters from the boys were a welcome treat. Susan Caroline Milam married Milton Steele in 1865 and they lived near her mother so there was little need to write. Bettie Jeff lived with her mother until 1887, when she married Reese Cannon. Eliza died at the home of her daughter Bettie on July 6, 1904, at the age of ninety-one, and is buried in the "McKinney four acres" of the Van Alstyne Cemetery.

During her life, Eliza raised her eight surviving children, several of her grandchildren, and four orphans of deceased slaves. She was deeply loved by all her family and deeply missed when she died.

Sources:


  • Garver, Lois.The Descendants of Collin and Daniel McKinney (Austin, 1984).
  • Hall, Roy F. Collin County; Pioneering in North Texas, p. 219.
  • The Handbook of Texas, Walter Prescott Webb ed. (Austin, 1952).
  • Biographical Souvenir of the State of Texas (1889).
  • "Collin McKinney; A Texan Whose Good Deeds Live After Him," Dallas Morning News, May 5, 1907, p. 23, Sunday News Magazines.

Scope and Contents

The McKinney Family Papers consist of letters, legal and financial documents, tax receipts, land surveys, and printed material.

The McKinney Family series consists of correspondence, legal and financial documents, tax receipts, land surveys and plat maps pertaining to the Collin McKinney family. The documents in this series date from 1766 to 1860, with the majority of documents in the period 1830 to 1850. This series contains documents pertaining to Collin McKinney and his life as a planter, merchant, congressman, lay preacher, Justice of the Peace, and family man. Several documents also pertain to Collin's brother, Daniel McKinney, and Daniel's eldest son, Blatchely McKinney.

The Milam Family series consists of correspondence, legal and financial documents, tax receipts, journals, land surveys and plat maps of the Jefferson Milam family. The earlier documents in this series pertain to Benjamin R. Milam, uncle to Jefferson Milam, and his duties as overseer of the Wavell Colony. Documents between 1835 and 1844 deal with Jefferson Milam, his family and his business as a planter, and his tenure as Surveyor General for Red River County. Later documents deal with the life and times of Eliza Serene McKinney Milam and her children. Several letters deal with the Civil War service of Eliza and Jefferson's five sons. There are several letters to Robert Milam from his friend, L.H. Graves. (L.H. Graves' Civil War Diary is also housed in the Special Collections Division of the University of Texas at Arlington, GA 29.)

Non-Family Correspondence is divided into two parts: the first deals with correspondence that belonged to Earl Stanley Williams, a close friend and business associate of Benjamin R. Milam. The second part of Non-Family Correspondence contains miscellaneous letters to and from members of the Wavell Colony. One letter in this section is from J.W. Parker, the uncle of Cynthia Ann Parker, who was abducted by Indians and later became the mother of Chief Quanah Parker.

Wavell's Colony Documents include documents in both Spanish and English. Petitions to the government of Mexico, letters to and from colonists, legal documents and a Register of Colonists are included in this series.

The Printed Material series contains a wide variety of printed matter, including certificates, books, congressional speeches, advertisements, and government publications that pertained to Collin McKinney's service in the congress of the Republic of Texas. Also in this series is a book which lists the early land titles issued by the government of Mexico to Texans.


Organization

Series I. McKinney Family Papers (28 folders)
Series II. Milam Family Papers (25 folders)
Series III. Non-Family Correspondence (2 folders)
Series IV. Wavell's Colony Documents (8 folders)
Series V. Printed Material (31 folders)

Restrictions

Access

Open for research.


Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
McKinney, Collin, 1766-1861--Archives.
Milam, Jefferson, 1802-1844--Archives.
Milam, Eliza S., 1813-1904--Archives.
Milam, Benjamin Rush, 1788-1835--Archives.
Milam, Scott, 1840-1904--Archives.
McKinney family--Archives.
Milam family--Archives.
Subjects
Wavell Colony (Tex.)--Records.
Frontier and pioneer life--Texas--19th century.
Women pioneers--Texas.
Land settlement--Texas--19th century.
Places
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846.
Texas--Politics and government--To 1846.
Mexico--History--19th century.
Red River County (Tex.)--History--19th century.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives, Confederate.
Red River County (Tex.)--History--19th century.
Texas--Maps, Manuscript--19th century.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

Related Material

There is a collection of Milam and McKinney Family Papers at the San Jacinto Museum, Houston, Texas, which complements this collection. A listing of the San Jacinto Museum holdings is in the holdings file of this collection.


Administrative Information

Citation

McKinney and Milam Family Papers, GA3-6, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.

Acquisition

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins Garrett, 1974.


Administrative Information

Grant Support

The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.


Container List

McKinney Family Papers

Box Folder
1 1 McKinney Correspondence, 1812-1827
Includes letters from family and friends addressed to Collin McKinney, William McKinney, and the Misses McKinney. Also included are two letters of dismissal from the Clark Fork, Ky. Church; one for Amy McKinney, the other for "Esther property of Collin McKinney". Family letters discuss hard times in Kentucky and Arkansas, health, births, deaths, marriages, and debts.
2 McKinney Correspondence, 1830-1834
Letters from family and friends to Collin McKinney on a variety of subjects. Letters from family members include information on the death of Anna McKinney Sloan, births, moves from Kentucky to Missouri, and the first in a series on the debt of Thalis Huston, as well as a short note from Benjamin R. Milam. Other letters contain requests for information about Texas by people considering the move, and one letter from Capt. Henry Shrieve concerning the "Raft" of the Red River.
3 McKinney Correspondence, 1835
Letters from family, friends, and acquaintances to Collin McKinney on a variety of subjects. Letters from family members Blatchley McKinney, Archibald Burton, Issac Denton, and James Sloan carry family news, businessnews and more on the Thalis Huston debt. Letters from friends and acquaintances ask for information on moving to Texas, and for news of the war for Texan Independence. Also included in this file is a document certifying that Collin McKinney came to Texas from Kentucky in 1824.
4 McKinney Correspondence, 1836-1837
Letters from friends and family including Jefferson Milam, Richard Ellis, Isaac Denton and Thomas Hill to Collin McKinney on a variety of subjects. Also includes a notice that a meeting will be held at McKinney's on Wednesday, April 20, 1836, for the purpose of finding volunteers to send to fight in the Texan Army, and a document signed by McKinney and others who pledged to provide money and supplies to a company of Red River Volunteers. Letters from family and friends received by Collin McKinney while a candidate to the 1st and 2nd Congresses of the Republic of Texas, some letters ask for favors, others tell news. Also a love letter from Collin McKinney to Betsey McKinney.
5 McKinney Correspondence, 1838
Letters from friends and family to Collin McKinney. Letters from family contain news and business concerning the Thalis Huston debt. Letters from friends contain requests for favors that Congressman McKinney would be in a position to grant. Includes letters from John Frye, D. Rowlett, and Thomas Rusk, also some affidavits signed by Wm. Becknell.
6 McKinney Correspondence, 1839
Letters from friends, such as Thomas Rusk, N.D. Ellis and George Wright, to Collin McKinney. Most of these letters ask favors of the congressman or are in support of his re-election. A series of letters from Capt. D. Sample document the joint U.S.-Texas survey of the boundary along the Sabine River. Other letters authorize Collin McKinney as a Justice of the Peace and a minister of the church to perform marriage ceremonies and issue marriage licenses for certain couples.
7 McKinney Correspondence, 1840-1841
Letters from family and friends concerning congressional and county elections, the boundary between Arkansas and Texas, the Thalis Huston debt and the estate of Benjamin R. Milam and the eleven leagues claim. Also more letters authorizing McKinney to perform marriages. Included are letters signed by James Milam, John, Sally, and Archibald Frye, as well as E.H. Tarrant.
8 McKinney Correspondence, 1842-1844
Letters from family and friends, such as James Milam, Matthias Ward, Simon Peacee, John Jr. and Frances Frye, and Thalis Huston, to Collin McKinney concerning congressional elections, the estate of Benjamin R. Milam, and the eleven leagues claim. Illness and death are reported by family members and the debt of Thalis Huston is again addressed.
9 McKinney Correspondence, 1846-1849
Letters from family and friends concerning news of the Mexican War, illness and deaths, and the rumor of Collin McKinney's death, which made its way to Kentucky but proved false. Also letters concerning the conveyance of Betsey McKinney's dower lands in Kentucky to Thomas J. Pemberton.
10 McKinney Correspondence, 1850-1853
Letters from family and friends, including letters from McKinney's grown grandchildren which carry news of new great-grandchildren. Other letters tell of the death of Thalis Huston and the settlement of his estate. Letters from friends ask for information about moving to Texas and other favors.
11 McKinney Correspondence, 1854-1855
Letters from family and friends. More letters from McKinney grandchildren James and Mary Anna Sloan Browning. Letters from long-time family friend M. Tyree explaining his reasons for common-law marriage to a woman not yet divorced and letters pertaining to Collin McKinney's efforts on behalf of Mr. Tyree to secure a legal divorce for Mrs. Tyree.
12 McKinney Correspondence, 1856-1860
Letters from family and friends carrying news of births, deaths, marriages, the administration of the estate of Thalis Huston, and news on the eleven leagues claim by the heirs of Benjamin R. Milam. Also more letters from M. Tyree.
13 McKinney Correspondence, undated
Letters from family and friends, copies of congressional acts regarding the land titles of the citizens of the Republic of Texas, lists of questions to be asked witnesses in a legal case, prescriptions, religious tracts, and speeches.
14 McKinney Correspondence, fragments
Fragments of letters which could not be matched to any other letters found in the collection.
15 McKinney Correspondence, Envelopes and Wrappers
Envelopes and wrappers from many letters to Collin McKinney, variously addressed to Washington, Hunt County, Mantua, Highland, and McKinney, Texas; Monroe County and Lafayette County, Arkansas.
Box Folder
2 1 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1766-1799
Bills, receipts, and promissory notes of Daniel and Collin McKinney for the years 1766-1799.
2 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1801-1828
Bills, receipts, promissory notes, deeds of transfer of both land and negroes, and powers of attorney for Collin and Daniel McKinney during the years 1801 to 1828.
3 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1830-1834
Bills, receipts, promissory notes and orders for goods to Collin McKinney during the years 1830-1834.
4 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1835
Bills, receipts, work orders, promissory notes and a blank deed of transfer belonging to Collin and Ashley McKinney. Also a work contract between Blatchely McKinney and Willis Pittman in 1835.
5 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1836-1837
Bills, receipts, and promissory notes of Collin McKinney for the years 1836 to 1837. Also a deed of transfer of land from Collin McKinney to William and Younger Scott McKinney.
6 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1838-1839
Bills, receipts and promissory notes of Collin McKinney for the years 1838-1839. Also a court summons and a note on the government for repayment of the value of a gun lost by a 1st sergeant in Wm. Becknell's corps. while crossing the Nueces River in 1834. This note was rejected in 1838.
7 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1840-1841
Bills, receipts, and promissory notes of Collin McKinney for the years 1840 to 1841. Also a copy of the deed of conveyance for lands in Kentucky from Betsey L. McKinney to Thomas Pemberton.
8 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1842-1844
Bills, receipts, and promissory notes of Collin McKinney for the years 1842 to 1844. Also includes a note on the debt of Thalis Huston owed to the widow and heirs of Ebenezer McKinney, signed first in 1827 and subsequent payments are noted in 1833 and 1836, notation on the reverse of the document indicates this a copy of the original made in 1842. Also included in this file is a deed of transfer of a slave girl from Collin McKinney to Jefferson Milam, and legal documents pertaining to the case of Morris et al V. Collin McKinney et al in a land dispute.
9 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1845-1849
Bills, receipts, and promissory notes of Collin McKinney for the years 1845 to 1849, as well as a deed of transfer of land to Collin McKinney from Sterling Smith.
10 McKinney Legal and Financial, 1850-1860
Bills, receipts, promissory notes and deeds of transfer of both land and slaves, of Collin McKinney for the years 1850-1860. Also includes Collin McKinney's land grant certificate.
11 McKinney Legal and Financial,
undated
Undated bills, receipts, promissory notes and a blank bounty land claim form.
12 McKinney Tax Receipts, 1770-1854
Tax receipts of both Daniel and Collin McKinney for payment of state, county, territorial, city, and ton and levy taxes in Kentucky, Arkansas, and Texas spanning the years 1770-1854.
13 McKinney Land Surveys and Plat Maps
Land surveys and plat maps of the McKinney lands in Texas. Field notes of surveys taken by Joseph Rowe, Younger Scott McKinney, David Jarrett, and Jefferson Milam.



Milam Family Papers

Box Folder
2 14 Milam Correspondence, 1827-1828
Letters to Benjamin R. Milam from Arthur G. Wavell and I.M. Corres, as well as a letter of introduction for Benjamin R. Milam from John Clay to James Brown, minister of the United States to France. Also a love letter to Jefferson Milam.
15 Milam Correspondence, 1830,1835
A note stating that according to Mexican records, a grant of eleven leagues of land was made to Benjamin R. Milam by the Mexican government. Also includes several letters to Jefferson Milam from family in Kentucky, which carry family news and requests for information on the eleven leagues claim.
16 Milam Correspondence, 1836-1839
Letters from family in Kentucky to Jefferson Milam, as well as two letters from Jefferson Milam to his wife, Eliza Serene McKinney Milam. Also an agreement between Arthur G. Wavell and James Milam about the will of Benjamin R. Milam, a power of attorney from John Milam, and the appointment of Jefferson Milam as Surveyor General of Red River County signed by Sam Houston.
17 Milam Correspondence, 1843, 1846
A letter to Jefferson Milam from his sister, Mulinda Shannon, and a power of attorney from Jefferson Milam to James Milam on the subject of the estate of Benjamin R. Milam. Also includes a letter of release for Eliza Milam from the Christian Church in Bowie County, Texas.
18 Milam Correspondence, 1851-1853
Letters to Eliza Milam from her children Joseph and Laura Leek Milam Matthews. Also includes a letter to Collin McKinney Milam from Joseph and Laura Matthews and an abstract of title to certain lands.
19 Milam Correspondence, 1855-1859
Letters to Eliza Milam from her children Joseph and Laura Matthews, Collin Milam, and her husband's uncle James Milam. Also a letter to Benjamin Rush Milam (Eliza's son) from William Fulton.
20 Milam Correspondence, 1860-1865
Civil War era documents of the Milam family, including letters to Eliza Milam from her sons in the Confederate States Army. Also includes letters to Robert Ashley Milam from his friend L. H. Graves. Letters to Eliza Milam and Collin Milam from Joseph and Laura Matthews, and a letter to Archibald William Milam from his brother George Scott Milam. Also letters from James Milam to Eliza Milam concerning the eleven leagues claim.
Box Folder
3 1 Milam Correspondence, 1866-1869
Letters to Eliza Milam and Bettie Jefferson Milam from Collin, Scott, and Bob Milam, as well as Joseph and Laura Matthews. Also a letter to Henry Hodges (son-in-law of James Milam) from James Morris regarding the eleven leagues claim.
2 Milam Correspondence, 1870-1873
Letters to Eliza and Ben Milam from family and friends, as well as the beginning of a long series of letters between John Lynne (a Milam cousin) and G.R. Freeman (the lawyer for the Milam heirs) regarding the estate of Benjamin R. Milam and the eleven leagues claim.
3 Milam Correspondence, 1874
More letters between John Lynne, G.R. Freeman, and H.C. Hodges regarding the estate of Benjamin R. Milam and the eleven leagues claim.
4 Milam Correspondence, 1875, 1884 AND 1902
More letters between John Lynne and G.R. Freeman, and a power of attorney appointing G.R. Freeman attorney for the heirs of Benjamin R. Milam (unsigned). Also includes a letter to Eliza and Bettie Jeff Milam from Lucy Durham Milam (wife of Bob Milam) and a copy of the will of Jefferson Milam (the copy is dated 1902).
5 Milam Correspondence, undated
Includes prescriptions, texts of songs, and a page of handwriting exercises done by Collin McKinney Milam.
6 Milam Correspondence, Envelopes
Envelopes addressed to Eliza Milam at Mantua and McKinney, Texas. Also includes envelopes addressed to Collin Milam at Cedar Bayou, Houston, and Mantua, Texas. Some envelopes have return addresses and/or postmarks.
7 Milam Journals I
Two journals: one a list of horses and cows belonging to Archibald Milam and also containing some Spanish grammar notes. The other journal is the Civil War diary of George Scott Milam spanning the years 1863 and 1864.
8 Milam Journals II
Two journals of Collin McKinney Milam. Both contain financial and legal notes and receipts.
9 Milam Legal and Financial, 1826-1863
Bills and receipts of Jefferson, Eliza and Collin Milam, as well as articles of agreement between Benjamin R. Milam, Frost Thorn, and Jefferson Peel. Also included are legal documents naming John Milam executor of the estate of Benjamin R. Milam, who died intestate.
10 Milam Legal and Financial, 1871-1902
Bills, receipts, and promissory notes of Eliza and Bettie Milam and Milton Steele (husband of Susan Caroline Milam Steele), also tax sale deeds for Milam lands sold by the state for non-payment of taxes and redeemed by Eliza Milam with proof of tax payment.
11 Milam Legal and Financial, undated
Undated bills, receipts, and promissory notes of Eliza Milam.
12 Milam Tax Receipts, 1833-1859
State and county tax receipts showing taxes paid by Jefferson, Eliza, Collin, and Ben Milam for the years 1833 to 1859.
13 Milam Tax Receipts, 1860-1869
State, county, and war tax receipts of Eliza, Collin, Ben, Scott, and Robert Milam. Some receipts show that Eliza Milam paid the land taxes for her four sons while they were away serving in the Confederate Army.
14 Milam Tax Receipts, 1870-1879
State and county tax receipts of Eliza Milam and Milton Steele for the years 1870-1879.
15 Milam Tax Receipts, 1880-1888
State and county tax receipts of Eliza, Robert, Ben, and Collin Milam, as well as Milton Steele for the years 1880-1889.
16 Milam Tax Receipts, 1890-1901
State and county tax receipts of Eliza, Jeff, and Shep Milam (a servant), as well as Milton Steele for the years 1891-1901.
17 Milam Land Surveys and Plat Maps
Land surveys and plat maps of the Jefferson Milam headright and the R.M. Williamson lands. Also includes field notes of surveys taken by Jefferson and Ben Milam.



Non-Family Correspondence

Box Folder
3 18 Non-Family Correspondence: Earl Stanley Williams, 1827-1837, undated
Letters to Earl Stanley Williams from his sisters and cousins in Ohio, as well as business letters from friends, such as Alex Newlands and Benjamin R. Milam with whom he had many business dealings.
19 Non-Family Correspondence: Miscellaneous, 1833-1835
An assortment of letters to and from colonists who settled in Wavell's Colony. One letter each to Franklin Truett from Howard Rames; to Cornl. R. Potter from John Stand; to Daniel Wilder from J.W. Parker; to Perry Nabers from J.W. Nabers; to P.S. Coleman from unsigned; to J.S. White from Edward Roberts; to D.H. Johnson from P.S. Johnson. Also a legal conveyance of land title from Elizabeth Landes to David Jarrett.



Wavell's Colony Documents

Box Folder
3 20 Wavell's Colony, Register of Colonists, 1825
The Register of Colonists shows the name of the colonist and each member of his family, their ages, sex, marital status, place of origin, date of arrival, date of oath, total colonists in household, and general observations in Spanish. A translation of the Register of Colonists may be found in the holdings file of this collection.
21 Wavell's Colony, 1825 Register of Colonists (photocopy)
A photocopy of the above Register of Colonists. Please use this copy to save wear and tear on the original.
22 Wavell's Colony, Summary of Register of Colonists, undated
A summary of the 1825 Register of Colonists in Spanish also. This summary lists the head of the household, date of arrival, type of estate, and total number of members in each household.
23 Wavell's Colony Business and Legal Correspondence, 1825-1835
Business letters and legal correspondence relating to the business of running the Wavell Colony. Benjamin R. Milam received letters from Nate Barrett, John Pope, A. Wavell, Henry Smith, Samuel P., Nathaniel Ellis, Richard Pryor, and Jose Canvasal. Also in this file are letters to I. Irola, Secretary of State, from Henry Smith, and to Ira R. Levins from Henry Smith. Legal documents include a power of attorney in Spanish from A. Wavell to Benjamin R. Milam and an order from the Governor of the State of Coahuila y Tejas translated by Samuel May Williams, also a document signed by twenty-three colonists (including Collin McKinney) which appoints Benjamin R. Milam as their representative to present the colonists' Petition in Monclova.
24 Wavell's Colony, Colonists Petition for Entry, 1831
A blank petition form to Benjamin R. Milam which would have been filled out by a person petitioning for entry into the colony. Also a petition from Jesse Watson to Benjamin R. Milam which follows the form of the blank petition.
25 Wavell's Colony, Colonists Petition for Land Titles, undated
A photocopy of the Wavell Colony colonists' petition to the Government of Mexico to allow the colony to have a land commissioner who would issue the colonists' land titles. The original of this document has been removed and placed in oversize drawer GO 8.
26 Wavell's Colony, Recommendations of the Ayuntamientos of San Felipe de Austin and Mina, 1834-1835
English and Spanish translations of the documents issued by the ayuntamientos of San Felipe de Austin and Mina which recommend that the colonists in Wavell's Colony be issued their land titles.
Box Folder
4 1 Wavell's Colony, Spanish Documents, 1822-1835
Five documents in Spanish which are an assortment of petitions from Arthur G. Wavell and the members of his colony to the government of Mexico.



Printed Material

Box Folder
4 2 Printed Material, George Kerman Appointment as Justice of the Peace for Hempstead County, Arkansas, 1827
Certificate of appointment signed by George Izard, Governor of Arkansas. 1827.
3 Printed Material, Newspaper Fragment, November, 1836
Fragment of two pages of an 1836 newspaper which includes political news and news of the cotton trade. Also lists members of Captain Wynn's and Captain Wadsworth's companies of the 1st Regiment of the Texas Volunteers.
4 Printed Material, Standard Rules for Conducting Business in the House of Representatives (2nd Congress of the Republic of Texas),
pp. 1-13 Full printing of the Standard Rules for Conducting Business in the House of Representatives. This is believed to be the only existing copy of the rules for the Second Congress of the Republic of Texas and is not listed by Thomas W. Streeter in his Bibliography of Texas 1795-1845.
5 Printed Material, Fragment: Republic of Texas Congressional Record, Spring 1837,
pp.7-142 Records the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas. This fragment begins May 5, 1837, and ends June 12, 1837.
6 Printed Material, Fragment: Republic of Texas Congressional Record, Fall 1837,
pp. 5-index v. Joint resolutions of the Congress of the Republic of Texas. This fragment covers October to December, 1837.
7 Printed Material, Fragment: Republic of Texas Congressional Record, Spring Session 1838,
pp. 15-166 Record of the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas in the spring session of 1838. This is listed by Thomas W. Streeter in his Bibliography of Texas 1795-1845 as document number 255.
8 Printed Material, Republic of Texas Treasurer's Report, 1838
Treasurer's report submitted to Henry Smith, Secretary of the Treasury of the Republic of Texas, by A. Brigham, Treasurer on September 30, 1838. This document is listed by Thomas W. Streeter as document number 298.
9-12 Printed Material, Fragment: an Abstract of Original Titles of Record in the General Land Office (Houston, Niles and Co., 1838)
pp. 5-181 This book lists the names of colonists issued land grants by the government of Mexico and the location of the lands granted. The book is divided into chapters distinguished by the name of the land commissioner who issued the titles, they are as follows: First chapter unknown, Talbot Chambers Commissioner for Milam's Colony; Jose Jesus Vidauri in Powers & Hewetson's Colony; George W. Smyth in various places in 1835; Commissioners and Alcaldes at Nacogdoches from 1791 to 1835; Charles S. Taylor commissioner for the frontier settlers east of Austin's colonies; George A. Nixon commissioner for the colonies of Burnet, Vehlein, and Zavala; William H. Steele in Robertson or Austin and Williams colony; and Lands sold by the State under contract of S.M. Williams, F.W. Johnson, and Robt. Peebles.
13 Printed Material, …Shaving and Unsafe Paper (Pittsburgh, Alexander Jaynes), 1838
A pamphlet on the subject of U.S. currency, printed by Alexander Jaynes in 1838.
14 Printed Material, Report of the Secretary of State, November 1839, Fragment
Fragment of a report by David G. Burnet, Secretary of State of the Republic of Texas in 1839, which reports Indian incursions on the frontiers. Listed by Thomas W. Streeter as document number 351.
15 Printed Material, Fragment: Letters of Secretary of State to Commissioners of Santa Fe, 1841,
pp. 7-15 This fragment of the letters of the Secretary of State to the commissioners of Santa Fe begins on page 7 of 15 pages. The complete pamphlet would include three letters which outline the aims and policy of the Santa Fe Expedition (Thomas W. Streeter; Bibliography of Texas, pg. 148). This pamphlet is listed by Streeter as document number 472.
16 Printed Material, Republic of Texas Supreme court Summer term 1844, Wesley Byers v. Massack H. Janes et al.
A legal brief of an appeal from the District Court for Bowie County of the case Wesley Byers v. Massack H. Janes et als.
17 Printed Material, Circular of the New Orleans Price-Current and Merchants' Transcript, 1846
Newspaper published semi-weekly by Cook, Young & Co., New Orleans. This is the March 18, 1846, issue which includes lists of steamboat arrivals at New Orleans and the disposition of cargo from those boats, as well as import and export prices from New Orleans, New Orleans wholesale prices, with news of both foreign and domestic commodities markets.
18 Printed Material, Fragment: State of Texas Congressional Record, August 1850,
pp. 21-28 Fragment recording the proceedings of the Texas State Congress in August of 1850.
19 Printed Material, S. W. American Office, August 24, 1850
Letter published by the S. W. American Office which tells news of the boundary of Texas as finally decided by the U.S. Congress in August of 1850.
20 Printed Material, Appendix to the Congressional Globe, 1851
An appendix to the United States Congressional Globe which gives a treasury and budget report for 1851, as well as reports of the Postmaster General, Secretary for Indian Affairs, Secretary of War, and Secretary of the Navy.
21 Printed Material, Texas Legislative Record, March 26, 1881
Official proceedings of the Texas State House of Representatives printed in the Texas Legislative Record, March 26, 1881.
22 Printed Material, Assorted U.S. Congressional Speeches, 1846-1854
Three speeches by David S. Kaufman, Representative from Texas on the subjects of The Mexican War, The Slavery Question, and against admitting the delegate from New Mexico; two speeches by Matt. Ward of Texas on the subjects of reimbursing Texas for money advanced for protection from hostile Indians and The Pacific Railroad Bill; one speech by Thomas W. Newton of Arkansas on the bill making provisions for additional general officers; one speech by Mr. Dodge of Iowa on the bill to organize the territories of Nebraska and Kansas; one speech by Henry Nicoll of New York on the loan bill; and one speech by Lewis Cass of Michigan on the Mexican War.
23 Printed Material, Fragment of a U. S. Congressional Speech,
pp. 7-13 Fragment of a U. S. Congressional speech, author unknown.
24 Printed Material, Fragment of Document no. 323, Signed J. Allen,
pp. 65-68 Fragment of the report of an expedition headed by Lt. J. Allen to "Copper Rock" on the Otonagon River.
25 Printed Material, Fragment; State of Arkansas Constitution, pp. 11-16, undated
Pages eleven through sixteen of the State of Arkansas Constitution.
26 Printed Material, Fragment; Histories of the Old Testament,
pp. 31-145 Fragment of a book entitled Histories of the Old Testament. This fragment begins with chapter three, The Delivery of the Israelites from Egypt, and ends with chapter eighteen, The History of Esther.
27 Printed Material, Fragment; the Fortune Teller, pp. 85-92, undated
Fragment of a book which tells the meanings of dreams, how to make your lover come to you, and the folk-lore of pins.
28 Printed Material, Assorted Advertisements, undated
This file includes a notice to the settlers of Peters' Colony, an advertisement for Janes' Superior Razor Strap Paste, a land coupon for land in the city of Sinton, Texas, and a U.S. Patent Office note on North Carolina improved white wheat.
29 Printed Material, Theater Program, November 3, 1901
A program from the Sherman Opera House performance of "Hearts of Gold" on November 3, 1901.
30 Printed Material, Thomas F. McKinney, Pen and Ink Drawing
A drawing of Thomas F. McKinney removed from a book.
31 Printed Material, Confederate Currency
Confederate States of America currency in the following amounts: One - 10 cent bill One - 5 dollar bill Seventeen - 10 dollar bills And a portion of a U.S. one dollar bill.
32 Printed Material, Newspaper Clipping, "Milk and Whiskey" by: W.W.F., undated
A newspaper clipping of an article on the evils of whiskey signed W.W.F. The date and name of the newspaper are unknown.