Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Note to the Researcher

Description of Series

Personal Papers, 1893-2003

Medical Papers, 1953-1977, undated

Military Papers, 1942-1994, undated

University of Texas Arlington

Emerson Emory Papers:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Emory, Emerson.
Title: Emerson Emory Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1893-2003,
Bulk Dates: 1944-2003
Abstract: Emerson Emory, M.D., was born in Dallas, Texas, on January 29, 1925, to Corry Bates Emory and Louise Emory. A 1940 graduate of Booker T. Washington High School in Dallas, Emory enrolled in Prairie View College to follow his dream of becoming a physician. On his eighteenth birthday, Emory enlisted in the U.S. Army and served in quartermaster truck companies until his 1946 discharge. He earned his bachelors degree at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania in 1948, and medical degree from Meharry Medical College in Nashville in 1952. During this time, he was commissioned as an ensign in the U.S. Navy Reserve. Dr. Emory returned home where he became the first African-American intern at St. Paul Hospital in Dallas. After serving two residencies in California, Emory returned again to Dallas in 1956 to be staff physician at the Veterans Administration Medical Center. He began private practice in internal medicine in 1960. Emory was an advocate for civil rights and helped other doctors find healthcare for families in need. Memberships were maintained in the United Service Organization, Black Citizens for Justice and the Sons of Confederate Veterans, among others. In his free time, Dr. Emory enjoyed writing about important social and political issues and his life experiences. Dr. Emory died in Dallas on January 28, 2003. Dr. Emory's papers document his personal life, his career as a physician, and his time in the military. Comprised of correspondence, photographs,
Identification: AR466
Extent: 4 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes (1.95 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Biographical Note

Emerson Emory, M.D., was born in Dallas, Texas, on January 29, 1925, the only child of Corry Bates Emory, a janitor, and Louise Emory, a housekeeper. In 1940, Emory graduated from Booker T. Washington High School and enrolled in Prairie View College near Houston to follow his dreams of becoming a physician. On his eighteenth birthday, in 1943, he enlisted into the United States Army. He completed Infantry Basic Training at Camp Wheeler, Georgia, and was then transferred to the Basic Engineer Program at Howard University through the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP). After serving with the 3607th and 3533rd Quartermaster Truck Companies in the European and Asiatic-Pacific theatres of operation, Emory was discharged in February 1946.

After the war, Emory returned to college at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania and completed his bachelor’s degree in biology in 1948. He continued his education at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, where he received his medical degree in 1952. During this time, he was commissioned as an Ensign, HP (half-pay) in the United States Naval Reserves. Shortly after finishing his medical degree, Emory returned home where he became the first African-American intern at St. Paul Hospital in Dallas. He then served as a resident at the City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, California, and Wadsworth General Hospital in Los Angeles. Dr. Emory once again returned to Dallas in 1956 and was appointed Staff Physician at the Veterans Administration Medical Center. He began his private practice in internal medicine in 1960.

Dr. Emory continued to serve the Dallas community as well as his country. He volunteered as a physician on numerous occasions, including a 1966 mission in Vietnam. Active politically, he fought for civil rights and helped other doctors find healthcare for underprivileged families. He was a member of many organizations, including the United Service Organization, White House Conference on Children, Black Citizens for Justice, Law and Order, and the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Dr. Emory also enjoyed writing about important issues and experiences in his life, and at one time published a local newspaper, Freedom’s Journal, named for the first black newspaper in the country. He married Peggy Herald; the couple had three children—Karon, Sharon, and Emerson, Jr. (Rusty). Dr. Emory died on January 28, 2003.

Sources

  • Emerson Emory Papers, AR466, Box 1, Folder 1, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library.
  • Emerson Emory Papers, AR466, Box 1, Folder 19, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library.
  • Simnacher, Joe and Kim Horner, "Doctor, rights crusader was proud of Confederate Roots," Dallas Morning News, January 29, 2003.

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Scope and Contents

The collection, in four manuscript boxes and two oversize boxes, is comprised of material created and/or collected by Emerson Emory over the course of his personal life, his career as a physician, and his time in the military. The material documents Emory’s life, mostly through his own personal accounts.

The collection is organized into three series. Series I contains Emory’s personal papers, the bulk of the collection. This series includes biographical information about Emory, newspaper clippings, photographs, and Emory’s personal writings. The editorials, personal writings, and newspaper clippings about Emory reveal the most about his accomplishments and views on life. Emory’s research on Doris "Dorie" Miller, the first African-American hero of World War II, also stands out as notable material in this series. Series II is comprised of medical papers or material relating to Emory’s life as a doctor, 1945-1994. Series III, military papers, contains items from Emory’s service during World War II, Vietnam, as well as his time in the Navy Reserves. Although the subject content of these three series sometimes overlaps, the arrangement of the collection serves as an effective format for research.

The material contained in the Emerson Emory Papers is of value to researchers interested in a variety of topics. As a prominent African-American active in medical, community and political affairs in the Dallas area, Dr. Emory’s papers provide tremendous insight into the African-American experience of living in Dallas, serving in military, World War II, Vietnam, and in the Navy Reserves, experiences as a doctor, and advocacy for civil rights and justice for minorities.

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Organization

Series I. Personal Papers, 1893-2003 (3 boxes plus 10 folders, 1.55 linear ft.)
Series II. Medical Papers, 1953-1977 (9 folders, 0.2 linear ft.)
Series III. Military Papers, 1926-1994 (8 folders, 0.2 linear ft.)

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in writing from Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards.

The donor reserves the rights to receive any monetary benefits arising from any commercial venture that may be produced using items in the collection. Examples of this include a book, documentary film, or motion picture about the life of Dr. Emerson Emory. The donor also reserves the rights to directly negotiate any such commercial venture with any third party.

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Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Library. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
Emory, Emerson--1925-2003--Archives.
Leibovitz, Maury--1917- .
Solomon, Linda--1951- .
Binion, Benny--1904-1989.
Miller, Doris--1919-1944.
Organizations
Sons of Confederate Veterans
Subjects
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--African Americans.
World War, 1939-1945--African Americans.
Places
Dallas (Tex.)--History.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

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Separated Material

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Gift of the Estate of Emerson Emory by Emerson Emory, Jr., 2003-2011.

Citation

Emerson Emory Papers, AR466, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library.

Acquisition

Gift, 2003-2011.

Accessioned as number 2003-19 and 2011-50.

Processing Information

The Emerson Emory Papers were initially processed by Tara Kirk in May 2005. Brenda S. McClurkin revised and updated the finding aid in September 2011 to reflect additional materials donated by the family.

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 Note to the Researcher 

Dr. Emory's World War II scrapbook stored in Box 3, Folder 14, is very fragile. Please use photocopies of scrapbook in Box 3, Folder 13.

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Container List

 

Series I
Personal Papers, 1893-2003
8 folders (0.2 linear ft.)

Arranged alphabetically by document type. Biographical information, certificates, correspondence, keepsakes, medals, photographs, plaques, printed material, and writings reflecting Emory’s personal life.
Box Folder
1 1 Biographical material, 2003, undated
Biographical information on Dr. Emerson Emory, including a curriculum vitae, funeral program, obituary, Military Order of the World Wars biography, and a short autobiography.
Box Folder
OS429 1 Caricature, undated
"Elvis" Emerson figure captioned, "You ain’t nothin’ but a hound dog!!"
2 Certificates, 1970-2000, undated
USO National Council President; USO Certificate of Distinction; Jewish Association for Services for the Aged Award Winning Author; Dallas County Pioneer Association member; Sons of Confederate Veterans member; and City of Dallas Special Recognition certificate.
3 Certificate, 1968
General Alumni Association of Lincoln University Alumni Achievement Award which includes a profile of Emory.
4 Certificate, 1973-1997
Committee of 100 Award in Medicine; County of Los Angeles commendation for dedicated service.
Box Folder
1 2 Certificates, Educational, 1946-1990
Beta Kappa Chi Scientific Society, Lincoln University; Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Meharry Medical College; and Prairie View A&M University National Alumni Association certificates.
3 Certificates, Miscellaneous, 1966-1999, undated
Citizenship awards, membership in the Dallas County Democratic Executive Committee and Sons of Confederate Veterans, and other activities.
4 Correspondence, Annie Linthecum, 1908
5 Correspondence, Emerson Emory, 1962-1966, undated
Various birthday and holiday cards from family and friends
6 Correspondence, Louise Emory, 1941-1954, undated
Letters and postcards from family and friends, including letters from Emerson during his World War II service.
7 Correspondence, Louise Emory, 1964-1979, undated
Various birthday and holiday cards from family and friends.
8 Documents, 1893
Dallas County death certificate for Henry Miller, hanged.
9 Documents, Education, 1937-1940, undated
High school report cards and commencement program; application for the Tennessee Board of Basic Science exam.
10 Dorie Miller research, 1988-2003
Articles, biographical material, correspondence, and military research relating to Dorie Miller, including a packet of materials assembled and distributed by Dr. Emory in his efforts to have Miller awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor.
Box Folder
4 1-2 Dorie Miller videotapes, undated
VHS videotapes of Waco City Cable Channel and WFAA news reports on Dorie Miller.
Box Folder
1 11 Funeral programs, 1939-1978, undated
Funeral obsequies for family and friends of the Emory family.
12 Funeral receipt, 1967
Black and Clark Funeral Home receipt for funeral services for Emory’s father, Corry Bates Emory.
13 Insurance, 1965-1966
Afro-American Life Insurance Co. receipt books for Emory.
14 Keepsakes, 1930-2001
Business card, campaign postcard, marriage invitations, women’s club event program, pageant ribbon, note and photo from Hillary Clinton, Sequoia National Park program, portrait of Jefferson Davis.
15 Keepsakes, Lincoln University, 1947-1948
Commencement invitation and programs for commencement related activities including baccalaureate, glee club concert, Class of 1948 "Class Night," and graduation exercises.
16 Medals, 1992-1999, undated
Dallas Post Tribune, 1999; Roseland Homes 50th Anniversary, 1992; and Washington-Lincoln Alumni Association of Dallas, undated, medals.
17 Memorials and letter of condolence, 2003
Prairie View A&M University Alumni memorial, and a letter of condolence from a friend, Bill Minutaglio, following Emory’s death.
18 Newspaper clippings, 1935-2002, undated
Clippings from local newspapers about family and friends; African Americans, including Confederate Civil War soldiers, Benny Binion; and other interests of Emory’s.
19 Newspaper clippings about Emory, 1952-2003, undated
Clippings about Emory's career as a doctor, work in Vietnam, interest in Dorie Miller, pro se discrimination litigation, and his prominence in the Dallas community.
Box Folder
OS430 1 Photographs, undated
Booker T. Washington High School band; panoramic photo of Harbor Springs, Michigan.
Box Folder
1 20 Photographs, Dorie Miller, 1934-1974, undated
National Archives photos of Miller and various U.S. naval vessels associated with his naval career. Images include Miller in uniform, 1942; Miller being awarded the Navy Cross by Admiral Charles Nimitz, 1942; Miller speaking at the N.T.S. Great Lakes, Illinois, 1943; the U.S.S. Haraden, 1944; the U.S.S. Liscome Bay, undated; the U.S.S. Miller, 1974; the U.S.S. Twiggs, 1944; and the U.S.S. West Virginia, 1934.
21 Photographs, Emerson Emory, [approximately 1930]-2001, undated
Photos of Emory in kindergarten; his Booker T. Washington High School graduating class; at college graduation; practicing medicine; during his service in World War II; in a diving suit as a member of the Navy Reserve; a School of Aviation Medicine group photo; with John Connally; with President Bill Clinton; and at his desk.
Box Folder
OS430 1 Photographs, Emerson Emory, undated
Dr. Emory sitting at his office desk.
Box Folder
1 22 Photographs, Family album, [approximately 1925]-1988, undated
Photos removed from a magnetic album are numbered to reflect their original order. Subjects include Emerson Emory; his wife Peggy Emory; children Sharon, Karon, and Rusty Emory; mother Louise Emory; aunt Annie Linthecum; cousins Paul Davis, Terry Davis, Cornelius Porter, Margaret Wells, Caroline and Thompson; granddaughters Peggy and Victoria; and friend Frank Manning. The funeral program for Geneva Harbert, the 1893 death certificate for Henry Miller, and the clippings about Emerson Emory have been moved to their respective folders. The photos primarily depict vacations, holidays, and special events.
23 Photographs, Family and friends, [approximately 1917]-[1945], undated
Includes photos of Emory’s great-grandmother; his father C. B. Emory during World War I; Emory and his mother during World War II; his mother Louise Emory; cousin Cornelius Porter; Louis Dawson; and Kitty.
24 Photographs, Family and friends, [approximately 1943-2002], undated
Includes photos of Emory’s wife, Peggy Emory, and her mother, Wilma Middleton, and sister Mary Brown; children Sharon, Karon, and Rusty Emory; daughter-in-law Sharon Emory; brother-in-law Rudolph Herald; grandchildren Victoria, Peggy, Jonathan and Virginia; cousin Margaret Wells, Ella Kinnebrew, and friend Bill Plummer. Photos depict family gatherings and trips to Pearl Harbor, Virginia, and Cuba.
Box Folder
2 1 Photographs, Prometheans, 1988-[2001]
Box Folder
OS430 2 Photographs, Prometheans, [1999]
Box Folder
2 2 Photographs, Reunions, [1970s]-1998, undated
Photos of a medical school reunion in the 1970s; a Lincoln University 50th Reunion in 1998; Washington-Lincoln Alumni Association and a Prairie View A&M reunion, both undated.
3 Photographs, [Smith Drug Store, Dallas], undated
Photo of the interior of what is thought to be the Smith Drug Store in the State/Thomas area of Dallas.
Box Folder
OS430 3 Photographs, [Smith Drug Store, Dallas], undated
A second photo of the interior of what is thought to be the Smith Drug Store in the State/Thomas area of Dallas.
Box Folder
2 4 Photographs, Sons of Confederate Veterans, [1998-2001], undated
Photos include Emory placing a wreath at the African-American Civil War Memorial in Washington, D.C., 1998; Dallas Gaston-Gregg SCV Camp installations of officers, 1999 and 2001; Confederate grave dedication services; Dr. Emory’s visit to the Jefferson Davis Presidential Library in Biloxi, Mississippi, approximately 2001; and an undated exhibit of African-American Confederate soldiers.
5 Photographs, Unidentified, 1938-1994, undated
Children, picnic, graduation ceremony, family and friends.
Box Folder
OS429 5 Plaque, 1940
Emory’s high school diploma from Booker T. Washington High School, Dallas.
6 Plaques, 1963-1966
Howard University A.S.T.P. Engineering 20th Reunion; Texas Society of Athletic Team Physicians membership plaque.
Box Folder
OS430 5 Plaque, 1968
Certificate of recognition that Dr. Emory was featured in the 1968 edition of Who’s Who in Texas Today.
Box Folder
2 6 Plaque, 1970
Emory’s plaque for being the president of the Dallas USO.
Box Folder
OS430 6 Plaque, 1991-1992
The Marquis Who’s Who Publications Board choosing Emory as a subject of a biographical record.
Box Folder
2 7 Plaque, 1993
Black Citizens for Justice, Law and Order plaque.
Box Folder
OS430 7 Plaque, 2000
International Poet of Merit Award from the International Society of Poets.
Box Folder
2 8 Plaque, 2002-2003
Member, National Register Who’s Who in Professional Executives and Professionals.
9 Printed material, 1921- 2002, undated
Laugh and Let Laugh Way Down in Dixie: Three Hundred Funny Negro Stories, 1921; a broadside requesting donations to help for Mrs. Akins and her child, [1940]; a Prairie View College pamphlet, [1940]; Houston Riot and Courts-Martial of 1917, undated; State Preservation Board press packet on Forever Free: Nineteenth Century African-American Legislators and Constitutional Convention Delegates Of Texas exhibit (with photos), 1998; and the First Annual Dorie Miller Community Awards Banquet program, 2002.
Box
4 Videotapes,
Box Folder
2 10 Writings, A-H, undated
Writings include Emory’s personal memoirs of his volunteer service in Vietnam, and essays and editorials – many for his Freedoms Journal newspaper - expressing his opinions on civil rights, war, politics, and medical issues. Titles include "The Adventures of Bac Si Dau;" "AIDS: Reality or Myth;" "Black Robes and Political Titles Do Not Hero Make;" "The Homeless Veteran: One Solution;" and "Homicide – Genocide – My Side: Why Blacks Die Young."
11 Writings, I-P, undated
Writings include essays and editorials – many for his Freedom’s Journal newspaper – expressing his opinions on civil rights, war, politics, and medical issues. Titles include "In Honor of the Heroes" [Confederate Heroes Days remarks]; "A Message to Black Men – Never Cop a Plea;" "The Myth of Equal Justice;" "The New Slavery – Blacks and the Justice System;" and "No Colored Need Apply."
12 Writings, Return to Vietnam, 1993
Manuscript journal of Emory’s trip to Vietnam.
13 Writings, R-Z, undated
Writings include essays and editorials – many for his Freedom’s Journal newspaper – expressing his opinions on civil rights, war, politics, and medical issues. Titles include "Racism – A Big Drag on the U. S. Economy;" "Rally Around the [Confederate] Flag;" "Second Coming of Emancipation;" "Whatever Happened to the Party of Lincoln;" "Where Have All the Black Folks Gone?;" "Why So Few Black Doctors?;" and "Will the Real African-American Please Stand Up!"
Box Folder
4 3 Writings, Book chapter, 1993
Legacies, edited by Maury Leibovitz and Linda Solomon, includes Emory's essay on Benny Binion.
Box Folder
2 14 Writings, Printed articles and editorials, 1990-1999, undated
Editorials by Dr. Emory published in several Dallas newspapers. Subjects include black history, the Confederate flag, and civil rights, and Benny Binion.

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Series III
Medical Papers, 1953-1977, undated
9 folders (0.2 linear ft.)

Arranged alphabetically by document type. Certificates, plaques, prescription booklets, and printed material relating to Emory’s career as a physician.
Box Folder
3 1 Certificates, 1966-1968
The American Medical Association, Bac-Si My Medical Association, Republic of Viet-Nam Ministry of Health, and U.S. Department of State honor Emory’s medical service in Vietnam.
Box Folder
OS429 4 Certificate, 1973-1997
Committee of 100 Award in Medicine; County of Los Angeles commendation for dedicated service.
Box Folder
3 2 Plaque, 1953
State of Texas Board of Examiners proficiency in the basic sciences.
3 Plaque, 1966
U.S. Federal Aviation Agency medical training certificate acknowledging completion of an aviation medicine course.
4 Plaque, 1969
The Interdenominational Ministers’ Alliance honors Emory’s volunteer medical service in Vietnam.
5 Plaque, 1977
Meharry Medical College President’s Award for twenty-five years of service to mankind.
6 Plaque, undated
Emory’s office plaque with a message to his patients about his services and personal policy.
7 Plaque, undated
"A Physician’s Prayer."
8 Printed material, 1969, undated
Marble Collegiate Church Spiritual Aids to Health, undated; and St. Paul Hospital Post publication.

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Series III
Military Papers, 1942-1994, undated
7 folders (0.2 linear ft.)

Arranged alphabetically by document type. Certificates, Navy Reserve documents, printed material, and keepsakes from Emory’s time in the military.
Box Folder
OS430 3 Certificate, 1977
Appointment as United States Navy reserve officer.
Box Folder
3 9 Certificate, 1994
For dedicated service during World War II from the Texas State House of Representatives.
10 Navy Reserve documents, 1945-1965, undated
Establishment of entry base pay, letter of promotion to lieutenant commander, list of officer assignments, daily agendas, flight schedules, training schedules, and Retired Servicemen’s Family Protection Plan information.
11 Printed material, 1945, undated
Veterans’ Bulletin from the College of St. Thomas; and Vietnam, While Brave Men Die by Wallis W. Wood.
12 Vietnam keepsakes, 1966
Booklet with English and Vietnamese common terms used in treating the sick and injured; photograph of the inside of a sick ward in Vietnam.
13 World War II scrapbook (photocopies), 1926-1988
Photocopies of the memory book pages. Please use these photocopies instead of original.
14 World War II scrapbook, 1926-1988
Emory’s scrapbook from his service during World War II. Included are photographs, clippings, lists of officers, German Nazi insignia on the cover, and other keepsakes. This book is very fragile, please use photocopies in Folder 13.
15 World War II scrapbook loose contents, 1941-1946, undated
Loose items tucked into Emory's scrapbook include World War II ephemera, printed materials, clippings and correspondence. Funeral programs, photographs, and Navy Reserve documents were noted, but moved to folders with like materials.

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